Publications - John Townend

2019

Lay, V., Buske, S., Bodenburg, S.B., Townend, J., Kellett, R., Savage, M.K., Schmitt, D.R., Constantinou, A., Eccles, J.D., Bertram, M., Hall, K., Lawton, D., Gorman, A.R., and Kofman, R.S., 2019. Seismic P-wave velocity model from 3D VSP data at the Alpine Fault DFDP-2 drill site (New Zealand). Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted.

Chang, C., Townend, J., Woo, J.-U., Rhie, J., Kim, J., and Park, J.-Y., 2019. Stress state and fault slip susceptibility prior to the 2017 MW 5.5 Pohang earthquake induced by enhanced geothermal system stimulation. Geophysical Research Letters, submitted.

Michailos, K., Warren-Smith, E., Savage, M.K., and Townend, J., 2019. Detailed spatiotemporal properties of the tectonic stress regime near the central Alpine Fault. Tectonophysics, submitted.

Hopp, C., Sewell, S., Mroczek, S., Savage, M.K., and Townend, J., 2019. Seismic response to evolving injection at the Rotokawa geothermal field, New Zealand. Geothermics, under revision following review.

Lee, K.-K., Ellsworth, W.G., Giardini, D., Townend, J., Ge, S., Shimamoto, T., Yeo, I.-W., Kang, T.-S., Rhie, J., Sheen, D.-H., Chang, C., Woo, J.-U., and Langenbruch, C., 2019. Managing injection-induced seismic risks. Science, doi: 10.1126/science.aax1878.

Ellsworth, W.E., Giardini, D., Townend, J., Ge, S., and Shimamoto, T., 2019. Triggering of the Pohang, Korea, earthquake (MW 5.5) by enhanced geothermal system stimulation. Seismological Research Letters, doi: 10.1785/0220190102.

Civilini, F., Savage, M.K., and Townend, J., 2019. Shear-wave velocity changes induced by earthquakes and rainfall at the Rotokawa and Ngatamariki geothermal fields, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Geophysical Journal International, submitted.

Civilini, F., Mooney, W., Savage, M.K., Townend, J., and Zahran, H., 2019. Crustal imaging of northern Harrat Rahat, Saudi Arabia, from ambient noise tomography. Geophysical Journal International, under revision following review.

Lanza, F., Chamberlain, C.J., Jacobs, K., Warren-Smith, E., Godfrey, H.J., Kortink, M., Thurber, C.H., Savage, M.K., Townend, J., Roecker, S. and Eberhart-Phillips, D., 2018. Crustal fault connectivity of the Mw 7.8 2016 Kaikōura earthquake constrained by aftershock relocations. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1029/2019GL082780

Jenkins, S., Sutherland, R., and Townend, J., 2019. Gravity survey of the central Alpine Fault near the DFDP-2 drill site, Whataroa, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, doi 10.1080/00288306.2019.1639777

Taylor-Offord, S., Horgan, H., Townend, J., and Winberry, P., 2019. Seismic observations of crevasse growth following rain-induced glacier acceleration, Haupapa/Tasman Glacier, New Zealand. Annals of Glaciology, doi: 10.1017/aog.2019

Weaver, K.C., Arnold, R., Townend., J. and Cox, S.C., 2019. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, under revision following review.

Weaver, K.C., Cox, S.C., Townend, J., Rutter, H., Hamling, I., and Holden, C., 2019. Seismological and hydrogeological controls on New Zealand-wide groundwater level changes induced by the 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake. Geofluids, doi: 10.1155/2019/9809458.

Hopp, C., Sewell, S., Savage, M.K., Mroczek, S., and Townend, J., 2019. Seismic response to injection well stimulation in a high-termperature, high-permeability reservoir. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi: 10.1029/2019GC008243.

Boulton, C., Niemeijer, A.R., Hollis, C.J., Townend, J., Raven, M.D., Kulhanek, D.K., and Shepherd, C.L., 2019. Temperature-depenent frictional properties of heterogeneous Hikurangi subduction zone input sediments, ODP Site 1124. Tectonophysics. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2019.02.006.

Weaver, K., Doan, M.-L., Holden, C., Townend, J., and Cox, S.C., 2019. Tidal behavior and water-level changes in gravel aquifers in response to multiple earthquakes: a case study from New Zealand. Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1029/2018WR022784.

Lashgary, P.F., Townend, J. and Williams, C.A., 2019.  Coupling time-dependent afterslip with viscoelastic relaxation using analytical and numerical Greens's functions.  Tectonophysics, under revision following review.

Higgs, B., Mountjoy, J., Crutchley, G., and Townend, J., 2019. Seep-bubble characteristics and gas emissions from a high density seep field on the shelf to slope transition of the Hikurangi subduction margin. Marine Geology, doi 10.1016/j.margeo.2019.105985.

Michailos, K., Smith, E.G.C., Chamberlain, C.J., Townend, J., and Savage, M.K., 2019. Variations in seismogenic thickness along the central Alpine Fault, New Zealand, revealed by a decade's relocated microseismicity. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi: 10.1029/2018GC007743.

2018

Upton, P., Cochran, U., Orchiston, C., Howarth, J., Pettinga, J. and Townend, J., 2018. Tercentenary of the 1717 AD Alpine Fault earthquake: advances in science and understanding hazards. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1512389.

Chamberlain, C.J., and Townend, J., 2018. Detecting real earthquakes using artificial earthquakes: on the use of synthetic waveforms in matched-filter earthquake detection. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (21), doi: 10.1029/2018GL079872.

Boese, C.M., Stern, T.A., Michailos, K., Townend, J., and Chamberlain, C.J., 2018. Implications of upper-mantle seismicity for deformation in the continental collision zone beneath the Alpine Fault. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1509357.

Boulton, C., Barth, N.C., Lockner, D., Moore, D., Townend, J., and Faulkner, D.R., 2018. Frictional properties and 3-D stress analysis of the southern Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2018.06.003.

Janku-Capova, L., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Doan, M.-L., Massiot, C., Coussens, J. and Celerier, B., 2018. Fluid flux in fractured rock of the Alpine Fault hanging-wall determined from temperature logs in the DFDP-2B borehole, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi: 10.1029/2017GC007317.

Massiot, C., Celerier, B., Doan, M.-L., Little, T.A., McNamara, D.D., Townend, J., Schmitt, D.R., Williams, J., Toy, V.G., Sutherland, R., Janku-Capova, L., Upton, P., and Pezard, P., 2018. The Alpine Fault hangingwall viewed from within: structural analysis of acoustic image logs in the DFDP-2B borehole, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi 2017GC007368.

Heckels, R.E.G., Savage, M.K., and Townend, J., 2017. Postseismic velocity changes after the 2010 Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake, New Zealand, revealed by ambient seismic field analysis. Geophysical Journal International, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggy021.

Baratin, L.-M., Chamberlain, C.J., Townend, J., and Savage, M.K., 2018. Focal mechanisms and inter-event times of low-frequency earthquakes reveal quasi-continuous deformation and triggered slow slip on the deep Alpine Fault. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.12.021.

2017

Kirilova, M., Toy, V.G., Timms, N.,  et al., 2017. Textural changes of graphitic carbon by tectonic and hydrothermal processes in an active plate boundary fault zone, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 453, 205 - 223, doi.org/10.1144/SP453.13

Townend, J., Sutherland, R., Toy, V.G., et al., 2017. Petrophysical, geochemical, and hydrological evidence for extensive fracture-mediated fluid and heat transport in the Alpine Fault’s hanging-wall damage zone. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi: 10.1002/2017GC007202.

Chamberlain, C.J., Hopp, C.J., Boese, C.M., Warren-Smith, E., Chambers, D., Chu, S.X., Michailos, K., and Townend, J., 2017. EQcorrscan: repeating and near-repeating earthquake detection and analysis in Python. Seismological Research Letters, doi: 10.1785/0220170151.

Chamberlain, C.J., Boese, C.M., Eccles, J.D., Savage, M.K., Baratin, L.-M., Townend, J., Gulley, A.K., Jacobs, K.M., Benson, A., Taylor-Offord, S., Thurber, C., Guo, B., Okada, T., Takagi, R., Yoshida, K., Sutherland, R., and Toy, V.G., 2017. Real-time seismic monitoring at the DFDP-2 drill-site, Deep Fault Drilling Project, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Seismological Research Letters, doi: 10.1785/0220170095.

Massiot, C., Townend, J., Nicol, A., and McNamara, D., 2017. Statistical methods of fracture characterisation using acoustic borehole televiewer log interpretation. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2017JB014115.

Massiot, C., Nicol, A., McNamara, D., and Townend, J., 2017. Evidence for tectonic, lithologic and thermal controls on fracture system geometries in an andesitic high-temperature geothermal field. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2017JB014121.

Toy, V.G., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., et al., 2017. Bedrock geology of the DFDP-2 drill-site, central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, doi.10.1080/00288306.2017.1375533.

Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V., et al., 2017.  Extreme hydrothermal conditions at an active plate-bounding fault. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature22355.

Warren-Smith, E., Chamberlain, C.J., Lamb, S., and Townend, J., 2017. High-precision analysis of an aftershock sequence using matched filter detection: The May 4 2015 ML6 Wanaka earthquake, Southern Alps, New Zealand. Seismological Research Letters, doi: 10.1785/0220170016.

Massiot, C., Nicol, A., Townend, J., McNamara, D., Garcia-Selles, D., Conway, C., and Archibald, G. 2017. Quantitative geometric description of fracture systems in an andesite lava flow using terrestrial laser scanner data. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.05.036.

Guo, B., Thurber, C.H., Roecker, S.W., Townend, J., Rawles, C., Chamberlain, C., Boese, C., Bannister, S., Feenstra, J., and Eccles, J.D., 2016. Three dimensional P- and S-wave velocity structure along the central Alpine Fault, South Island, New Zealand. Geophysical Journal International, February 2017. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx059.

Boulton, C., Yao, L., Faulkner, D.R., Toy, V.G., Townend, J., Sutherland, R., Ma, S., and Shimamoto, T., 2016. High-velocity frictional properties of Alpine Fault rocks: mechanical data, microstructural analysis, and implications for rupture propagation. Journal of Structural Geology, 47, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.02.003.

Boulton, C., Menzies, C., Toy, V.G., Townend, J., Sutherland, R., 2016. Geochemical and microstructural evidence for interseismic changes in fault zone permeability and strength, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems,  doi: 10.1002/2016GC006588.

2016

Grant, A., O’Brien, G.¸ Cox, S.C., Townend, J., 2016. Spatially and temporally systematic hydrologic changes induced by multiple regional earthquakes, Cromwell Gorge, Otago, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013418.

Chamberlain, C.J., Boese, C.M., and Townend, J., 2016. Cross-correlation-based detection and characterisation of microseismicity adjacent to the locked, late-interseismic Alpine Fault, South Westland, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Sciences, doi: org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.061.

Civilini, F., Savage, M.K., Pancha, A., Sewell, S., and Townend, J. Inferring shear-velocity structure of the upper 200 m using cultural ambient noise at the Ngatamariki geothermal field, Central North Island, New Zealand. Interpretation, (3) doi: 10.1190/INT-2015-0204.1.

Feenstra, J., Thurber, C., Townend, J., Roecker, S., Bannister, S., Boese, C., Lord, N., Bourguignon, S., and Eberhart-Phillips, D. Microseismicity and P-wave tomography of the central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2016.1182561.

Niemeijer, A.R., Boulton, C., Toy, V.G., Townend, J., and Sutherland, R. (2016). Large displacement, hydrothermal frictional properties of DFDP-1 fault rocks, Alpine Fault, New Zealand — implications for deep rupture propagation. Journal of Geophysics Research. Volume 121, Issue 2. doi: 10.1002/2015JB012593.

Horgan, H.J. , Anderson, B.M., Alley, R.B., Chamberlain, C.J., Dykes, R.C., Kehrl, L.M., & Townend, J. (2016) Glacier velocity variability due to sliding and cavity formation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.10.016.

2015

Eccles, J., Gulley, A., Malin, P., Boese, C., Townend, J., & Sutherland, R. (2015). Fault zone guided wave generation on the locked, late interseismic Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(14), 5736–5743, doi: 10.1002/2015GL064208

Bourguignon, S., Bannister, S., Henderson, M., Townend, J., & Zhang, H. (2015). Structural heterogeneity of the mid-crust adjacent to the central Alpine Fault, New Zealand: inferences from seismic tomography and seismicity between Harihari and Ross. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16(4), 1017–1043.

Toy, V.G., Boulton, C.J., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Norris, R.J., Little, T.A., Prior, D.J., Mariani, E., Faulkner, D., Menzies, C.D., Scott, H., & Carpenter, B.M. (2015). Fault rock lithologies and architecture of the central Alpine Fault, New Zealand, revealed by DFDP-1 drilling. Lithosphere, 7(2), 155-173.

Schleicher, A., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V.G., & van der Pluijm, B. (2015). Clay mineral formation and fabrics in the DFDP-1B borehole, central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 58(1), 13-21.

2014

Langridge, R., Howarth, J., Cochran, U., Stirling, M., Berryman, K., Vilamor, P., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., & Norris, R.J. (2014). Comment - Lidar reveals uniform Alpine fault offsets and bimodal plate boundary rupture behavior, New Zealand. Geology, 42(10), e351.

Chamberlain, C., Shelly, D.R., Townend, J., & Stern, T.A. (2014). Low-frequency earthquakes reveal punctuated slow slip on the deep extent of the Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(7), 2984-2999.

Boese , C., Jacobs , K., Smith , E., Stern , T., & Townend, J. (2014). Background and delayed- triggered swarms in the central Southern Alps,South Island, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(4), 945-964.

Boulton, C., Moore, D., Lockner, D., Toy, V.G., Townend, J., & Sutherland, R. (2014). Frictional strength and stability of exhumed fault gouges in DFDP-1 cores, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), 356-362.

Carpenter, B.M., Kitajima, H. Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V.G. & Saffer, D.M. (2014). Hydraulic and acoustic properties of the active Alpine Fault, New Zealand: Laboratory measurements on DFDP-1 drill core. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (390), 45-51.

2013

Kao, H., Behr, Y., Currie, C.A., Hyndman, R., Townend, J., Lin, F-C., Ritzwoller, M., Shan, S-J., & He, J. (2013). Ambient Seismic Noise Tomography of Canada and Adjacent Regions: Part I Crustal Structures. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 118, 1-23.

Holt, R.A., Savage, M.K., Townend, J., Syracuse, E.M., & Thurber, C.H. (2013). Crustal stress and fault strength in the Canterbury Plains, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 383, 173-181.

Townend, J., Sutherland, R., Toy, V.G., Eccles, J.D., Boulton, C.J., Cox, S.C., & McNamara, D. (2013). Late-interseismic state of a continental plate-bounding fault: petrophysical results from DFDP-1 wireline and core analysis, Alpine fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(9), 3801-3820.

Savage, M.K., Lin, F-C., & Townend, J. (2013). Ambient noise cross-correlation observations of fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave propagation governed by basement resonance. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(14), 3556-3561.

Boese, C.M., Stern, T.A., Townend, J., Bourguignon, S., Sheehan, A., & Smith, E.G.C. (2013). Sub-crustal earthquakes within the Australia-Pacific plate boundary zone beneath the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 376, 212-219.

Wech, A.G., Sheehan, A.F., Boese, C.M., Townend, J., & Stern, T.A. (2013). Tectonic tremor recorded at ocean bottom seismometers. Seismological Research Letters, 85(5), 752-758, doi: 10.1785/0220120184.

Henrys, S., Wech, A., Sutherland, R., Stern, T., Savage, M., Sato, H., Mochizuki, K., Iwasaki, T., Okaya, D., Seward, A., Tozer, B., Townend,  J., Kurashimo, E., Iidaka, T., & Ishiyama, T.(2013). SAHKE geophysical transect reveals crustal and subduction zone structure at the southern Hikurangi margin, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(7), 2063-2083, doi: 10.1002/ggge.20136

Davy, R., Stern, T.A., and Townend, J. (2013). Gravity analysis of glaciotectonic processes, central Alpine Fault, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 56(2), 100-108.

Behr, Y., Townend, J., Bowen, M., Carter, L., Gorman, R., Brooks, L., Bannister, S. (2013). Source directionality of ambient seismic noise inferred from three-component beammforming. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-9.

2012

Sutherland, R., Toy, V.G., Townend, J., Cox, S.C., Eccles, J.D., Faulkner,…, & Kopf, A.J. (2012). Drilling reveals fluid control on architecture and rupture of the Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geology, 40(12), 1143-1146.

Rawlinson, Z., Townend, J., Arnold, R., and Bannister, S. (2012). Derivation and implementation of a nonlinear experimental design criterion and its application to seismic network expansion at Kawerau geothermal field, New Zealand. Geophysical Journal International, 191(2), 686-694.

Townend, J., Sherburn, S., Arnold, R., Boese, C., Woods, L. (2012). Three-dimensional variations in present-day tectonic stress along the Australia–Pacific plate boundary in New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 353-354, 47-59

Townend, J., Villamor, P. and Quigley, M. (2012). Introduction to the Canterbury earthquake sequence special issue. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(3), 151-154.

Curtis, A., Behr, Y., Entwistle, E., Galetti, E., Townend, J., and Bannister, S. (2012). The benefit of hindsight in observational science: retrospective seismological observations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 345-348, 212-220.

Wech, A.G., Boese, C.M. , Stern, T.A. & Townend, J. (2012). Tectonic tremor and deep slow slip on the Alpine Fault. Geophysical research Letters, 39, L10303.

Boese, C., Townend, J., Smith, E.G., & Stern, T.A. (2012). Microseismicity and stress in the vicinity of the Alpine Fault, central Southern Alps, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B02302.

2011

Johnson, J., Savage, M.K., & Townend, J. (2011). Distinguishing between stress-induced and structural anisotropy at Mount Ruapehu Volcano, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B121303.

Behr, Y., Townend, J., Bannister, S., & Savage, M.K. (2011). Crustal shear wave tomography of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, via ambient noise correlation between multiple three-component networks. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12, Q03015.

2010

Wallace, L.M., Bell, R., Townend, J., Ellis, S., Bannister, S., Henrys, S., Sutherland, R., & Barnes, P. (2010). Subduction systems revealed: studies of the Hikurangi margin. Eos, 91(45), 417-418.

Johnson, J. H., Prejean, S., Savage, M.K., & Townend, J. (2010). Anisotropy, repeating earthquakes, and seismicity associated with the 2008 eruption of Okmok volcano, Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 115, B00B04.

Behr, Y., Townend, J., Savage, M.K., & Bannister, S. (2010). Shear-velocity structure of the Northland Peninsula, New Zealand, inferred from ambient noise correlations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 15, B05309.

Mazzotti, S., & Townend, J. (2010). State of stress in eastern and central North America seismic zones. Lithosphere, 2(2), 76-83.

2009

Brooks, L. A., Townend, J., Gerstoft, P., Bannister, S., & Carter, L. (2009). Fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave characteristics of ambient seismic noise in New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23303.

Brooks, L.A., Townend, J., Gerstoft, P., Bannister, S., & Carter, L., (2009). Characterising the New Zealand ambient seismic noise field: an oceanographic interpretation of western North Island spectra and beamforming results. Proceedings of Acoustics 2009, Australian Acoustical Society.

Clarke, D., Townend, J., Savage, M.K., & Bannister, S. (2009). Seismicity in the Rotorua and Kawerau geothermal systems, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, based on improved velocity models and cross-correlation measurements. Journal of  Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 180(1), 50-66.

Delahaye, E. J., Townend, J., Reyners, M. E., & Rogers, G. (2009). Microseismicity but no tremor accompanying slow slip in the Hikurangi subduction zone, New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 277(1-2), 21-28.

Townend, J., Sutherland, R., & Toy, V. G. (2009). Deep Fault Drilling Project—Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Scientific Drilling, 8, 75-82.

Wallace, L. M., Reyners, M., Cochran, U., Bannister, S., Barnes, P. M., Berryman, K., ..., & Power, W. (2009). Characterizing the seismogenic zone of a major plate boundary subduction thrust: Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10(10), Q1006.

Walsh, D., Arnold, R., & Townend, J. (2009). A Bayesian approach to determining and parametrizing earthquake focal mechanisms. Geophysical Journal International, 176(1), 235-255.

2008

Nicholson, T., Clarke, D., & Townend, J. (2008). Regional earthquake location using empirical traveltimes in a region of strong lateral velocity heterogeneity. Geophysical Journal International, 175(2), 560-570.

2007

Arnold, R., & Townend, J. (2007). A Bayesian approach to estimating tectonic stress from seismological data. Geophysical Journal International, 170(3), 1336-1356.

Lund, B., & Townend, J. (2007). Calculating horizontal stress orientations with full or partial knowledge of the tectonic stress tensor. Geophysical Journal International, 170(3), 1328-1335.

Lin, F. C., Ritzwoller, M. H., Townend, J., Bannister, S., & Savage, M. K. (2007). Ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography of New Zealand. Geophysical Journal International, 170(2), 649-666.

Sutherland, R., Eberhart-Phillips, D., Harris, R. A., Stern, T., Beavan, J., Ellis, S., ..., & Stirling, M. (2007). Do great earthquakes occur on the Alpine fault in central South Island, New Zealand? In D. Okaya, T. A. Stern & F. Davey (Eds.), A Continental Plate Boundary: Tectonics at South Island, New Zealand (AGU Monograph Series Vol. 175, pp. 235–251). Washington D.C., USA: American Geophysical Union.

2006

Townend, J. (2006). What do faults feel?  Observational constraints on the stresses acting on seismogenic faults. In R. Abercrombie, A. McGarr, H. Kanamori & G. Di Toro (Eds.), Earthquakes: Radiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting (AGU Monograph Series Vol. 170, pp. 313–327). Washington D.C., USA: American Geophysical Union.

Townend, J., & Zoback, M. D. (2006). Stress, strain, and mountain building in central Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 111, B03411.

2005

Balfour, N. J., Savage, M. K., & Townend, J. (2005). Stress and crustal anisotropy in Marlborough, New Zealand: Evidence for low fault strength and structure-controlled anisotropy. Geophysical Journal International, 163(3), 1073-1086.

Douglas, A., Beavan, J., Wallace, L. M., & Townend, J. (2005). Slow slip on the northern Hikurangi subduction interface, New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L16305.

2004 - 1997

Townend, J., & Zoback, M. D. (2004). Regional tectonic stress near the San Andreas fault in central and southern California. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L15S11.

Zoback, M. D., Townend, J., & Grollimund, B. (2002). Steady-state failure equilibrium and deformation of intraplate lithosphere. International Geology Review, 44(5), 383–401.

Townend, J., & Zoback, M. D. (2001).Implications of earthquake focal mechanisms for the frictional strength of the San Andreas fault system. Geological Society Special Publication (186), 13–21.

Zoback, M. D., & Townend, J. (2001).Implications of hydrostatic pore pressures and high crustal strength for the deformation of intraplate lithosphere. Tectonophysics, 336(1–4), 19–30.

Townend, J., & Zoback, M. D. (2000). How faulting keeps the crust strong. Geology, 28(5), 399–402.

Herzer, R. H., Sykes, R., Killops, S. D., Funnell, R. H., Burggraf, D. R., Townend, J., ..., Wilson, G.J. (1999). Cretaceous carbonaceous rocks from the Norfolk Ridge system, Southwest Pacific: Implications for regional petroleum potential. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42(1), 57-73.

Townend, J. (1999). Heat flow through the West Coast, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42(1), 21–31.

Townend, J. (1997). Estimates of conductive heat flow through bottom-simulating reflectors on the Hikurangi and southwest Fiordland continental margins, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 141(1–4), 209–220.