Dr Jessica Lai

Dr Jessica C Lai profile picture

Senior Lecturer School of Accounting and Commercial Law

Courses

Teaching in 2019

Profile

Dr Jessica Lai researches in intellectual property, especially patent law and the protection of traditional knowledge. She has published numerous articles, chapters, books and edited books in these fields, and is the author of Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Rights (Springer 2014) and co-author of Patent Law and Policy (with Susy Frankel, LexisNexis 2016). Jessica has also taught related classes at the University of Geneva, University of Lucerne, Goethe University in Frankfurt, Stockholm University and Uppsala University.

Jessica and Susy received a Marsden Fund Standard Grant for 2019-2022, for a project on “‘Mission Creep’ in the Pharmaceutical Industry and its Impact on Innovation and Health”. The research focuses on the relationship between patents and regulatory-data exclusivity with respect to pharmaceuticals, and its impact on innovation and health.

Between 2010 and 2012, Jessica worked as a Research Fellow at the University of Lucerne, Switzerland, where she completed her doctorate (summa cum laude). She stayed on at the University of Lucerne as a postdoctoral researcher until July 2016. Between February 2015 and July 2016, she was concurrently a Swiss National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at the Max-Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich.

Before moving to Switzerland, she studied law and chemistry at Victoria University of Wellington, where she obtained an LLB Hons (First Class), MSc (First Class) and BSc. During her studies at the University, she was granted various awards, including a prestigious New Zealand Vice-Chancellor’s Committee William Georgetti Scholarship.

She has been with the School of Accounting and Commercial Law at Victoria University of Wellington since August 2016.

Publications

Authored Books

Patent Law and Policy (Wellington: LexisNexis, 2016) (with Susy Frankel).

Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Rights: Learning from the New Zealand Experience? (Heidelberg: Springer, 2014).

Edited Books

Making Copyright Work for the Asian Pacific. Juxtaposing Harmonisation with Flexibility (ANU Press, 2018) (with Susan Corbett).

Intellectual Property and Access to Im/material Goods (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2016) (with Antoinette Maget Dominicé).

Recht und Kultur (Law and Culture) (Zürich: Schultess, 2015).

International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Legal and Policy Issues (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2012) (with Christoph B. Graber and Karolina Kuprecht).

Peer-reviewed Articles

‘Customs as Interpreters and Enforcers of Intellectual Property Law: A Look at New Zealand’ (2019) IIC (International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 792-822.

‘Accounting and Tax Treatments of Trade Marks and Their Licences’ (2019) 8(12) New Zealand Intellectual Property Journal 236-241 (with Lisa Marriott).

‘Māori Knowledge under the Microscope: Appropriation and Patenting of Māori Knowledge and Resources’ (2019) 22(3-4) Journal of World Intellectual Property 205-233 (with Daniel F Robinson, Tim Stirrup and Hai-Yuean Tualima).

‘A Comparative Examination of the Socio-Political-Moral Lives of Patents’ (2019) 6(1) Journal of Responsible Innovation 109-113.

‘Exclusive Rights of Patent Owners vs Rights of Chattel Owners: the Implied Licence Approach’ (2018) 18(2) Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal 99-122.

‘User Review Portability: Why and How?’ (2018) 34(6) Computer Law & Security Review 1291–1299 (with Vikas Kathuria).

‘In Consumer Protection We Trust? Collective Goods, Credence Qualities and Country of Origin Cases’ (2018) 55 San Diego Law Review 539-576 (with Samuel Becher).

'Protecting Consumer Protection' (2018) 49 Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 259-278 (with Samuel Becher).

‘The Exhaustion of Patent Rights v The Implied Licence Approach: Untangling the Web of Patent Rights’ (2018) 8(3) Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property 209-230.

‘“Restrictive Conditions” in Patent Law and the Competition Law Interface’ (2018) 21 Journal of World Intellectual Property 256-268 (with Vikas Kathuria).

‘Royalty Rates and Non-Disclosure Agreements in SEP Licensing: Implications for Competition Law’ (2018) 40 European Intellectual Property Review 358-368 (with Vikas Kathuria).

‘Competition Law and/versus Patent Law in New Zealand’ (2017) 3 New Zealand Business Law Quarterly 112-126.

'The Changing Function of Patents: A reversion to Privileges?' (2017) 37(4) Legal Studies 807-837.

'What is an "indigenous Right to Intellectual Property"?' (2017) 1 Intellectual Property Quarterly 78-94.

D’Arcy v Myriad Genetics: A Demand for the “Made” or “Non-Information” and Clear Subject Matter?’ (2016) 5 IIC (International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 537-568.

‘Is Digital Text-Watermarking the Long-Desired User Friendly Digital Rights Management? Copyright and Fundamental Values from a Comparative Perspective’ (2016) 38(7) European Intellectual Property Review 391-400.

‘“Swiss-Type Claims”: Der Anfang einer kleinen Revolution und ihre Bedeutung für das Patentrecht in Neuseeland’ (2016) 4 sic! Zeitschrift für Immaterialgüter-, Informations- und Wettbewerbsrecht (Journal for Intellectual Property, Information and Competition Law) 175-184.

‘Myriad Genetics and the BRCA Patents in Europe: The Implications of the US Supreme Court Decision’ (2016) 5(5) UC Irvine Law Review 1041-1076.

‘A Right to Adequate Remuneration for the Experimental-Use Exception in Patent Law: Collectively Managing our Way Through the Thickets and Stacks in Research?’ (2016) 1 Intellectual Property Quarterly 63-86.

‘Gene-Related Inventions in Europe: Purpose- vs Function-Bound Protection’ (2015) 5(4) Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property 449-473.

‘Gene-Related Patents in Australia and New Zealand: Taking a Step Back’ (2015) 25(4) Australian Intellectual Property Journal 181-197.

‘Loi autochtone, loi sur la propriété intellectuelle et politique muséale: des diverses méthodes de protection du patrimoine immatériel autochtone (Indigenous Law, Intellectual Property Law and Museum Policy: Various Methods for Protecting Aboriginal Intangible Heritage)’ (2014) 38(3) Anthropologie et Sociétés 25-59 (with Catherine Bell and Laura Skorodenski).

‘The Exhaustion Doctrine and Genetic Use Restriction Technologies: A Look at Bowman v Monsanto’ (2014) 17(5-6) Journal of World Intellectual Property 129-141.

‘Māori Traditional Knowledge and New Zealand Patent Law: The 2013 Act and the Dawn of a New Era?’ (2014) 17(1-2) Journal of World Intellectual Property 34-46.

‘Bicultural Art: Offensive to the Māori or Acceptable Freedom of Expression? Wai 262, the CCPR and NZBORA’ (2013) 19(2) Australian Journal of Human Rights 47-92.

‘Nano-structured Calcium Silicate Hydrate and Doping of Soggy Sand Electrolytes’ (2013) 59 Renewable Energy 167-171 (with Thomas Borrmann and Michael Richardson).

‘Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Fair Trade – Voluntary Certification Standards in the Light of WIPO and WTO Law and Policymaking’ (2011) 29(3) Prometheus 287-308 (with Christoph B. Graber).

‘Penicillins: Their Chemical History and Legal Disputes in New Zealand’ (2009) 73(3) Chemistry in New Zealand 116-124.

‘Validity of Obviousness in the Patent Process: A Case Study of Aktiebolaget (LOSEC)’ (2007) 38(3) Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 603-628.

Book Contributions

‘A Successful Recalibration of Patent Law vis-à-vis Mātauranga Māori? A Case Study of Mānuka (Leptospermum Scoparium)’, in Susy Frankel (ed), The Object and Purpose of Intellectual Property (Edward Elgar, 2019) 30-56.

‘The Development of Performers’ Rights in New Zealand’, in Susan Corbett and Jessica C Lai (eds), Making Copyright Work for the Asian Pacific? Juxtaposing Harmonisation with Flexibility (ANU Press, 2018) 257-291.

‘Intellectual Property and Indigenous Culture’, in Yasushi Watanabe (ed.), Cultural Security, (Cheltenham UK, Edward Elgar, 2018) 72-89.

‘Justifying Patents’, in Juana Vasella and Anne-Sophie Morand (eds), Werte im Recht – Das Recht als Wert (Zürich: Schulthess, 2018) 115–133.

'New Zealand, Mātauranga Māori and the IGC', in Daniel Robinson et al. (eds), Protecting Traditional Knowledge: The WIPO Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (Routledge, 2017) 289-300.

‘Traditional Cultural Heritage and Alternative Means of Regulation: Issues of Access and Restriction Online’, in Susy Frankel and Daniel Gervais (eds) The Internet and the Emerging Importance of New Forms of Intellectual Property (2016, Kluwer Law International) 172-201.

‘The Nebulous “Invention”: From “Idea and Embodiment” to “Idea/Embodiment and Observable Physical Effects”?’, in Jessica C. Lai and Antoinette Maget Dominicé (eds), Intellectual Property and Access to Im/material Goods (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2016) 121-145.

‘A Tale of Two Histories: The “Invention” and its Incentive Theory’, in Jessica C. Lai and Antoinette Maget Dominicé (eds), Intellectual Property and Access to Im/material Goods (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2016) 94-120.

‘In/Tangible Heritage, Intellectual Property and Museum Policy: Exploring Methods for Respecting Indigenous Legal Traditions’, in Jessica C. Lai and Antoinette Maget Dominicé (eds), Intellectual Property and Access to Im/material Goods (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2016) 257-288 (with Catherine Bell and Laura Skorodenski).

‘The Relationship Between Intellectual Property and its Physical Embodiments’, in Jessica C. Lai and Antoinette Maget Dominicé (eds), Intellectual Property and Access to Im/material Goods (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2016) 1-14 (with Antoinette Maget Dominicé).

‘The Changing Culture of Patenting and its Effects on Research Culture: University Research and Biotechnology’, in Steven Howe and Jessica C. Lai (eds), Recht und Kultur (Zürich: Schultess, 2015) 99-116.

‘Intellectual Property: Law in Context’, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Elsevier, 2015) 266-272 (with Christoph B. Graber).

‘Recognised and Appropriate Grounds for Compulsory Licences: Reclaiming Patent Law’s Social Contract’, in Reto M. Hilty and Kung-Chung Liu (eds), Compulsory Licensing: Practical Experiences and Ways Forward (Heidelberg: Springer, 2015) 149-164 (with Susy Frankel).

‘The Role of Patents in Society: Open Source Licensing for Biotechnology’, in Mariela Maidana-Eletti and Carly Toepke (eds), Recht und Gesellschaft (Zürich: Schulthess, 2014) 217-235.

‘Laws of Nature and Natural Phenomena: Gene Patents, the Biotech Industry and Access to Healthcare’, in Helena Zaugg and Lea Schläpfer, Recht und Gesundheit (Zürich: Schulthess, 2013) 155-181.

‘The Trade and Development of Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Completing the Picture and a Possible Way Forward’, in Christoph B. Graber, Karolina Kuprecht and Jessica C. Lai (eds), International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Legal and Policy Issues (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2012) 463-493 (with Christoph B. Graber and Karolina Kuprecht).

‘Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Fair Trade: Voluntary Certification Standards in the Light of WIPO and WTO Law and Policy-making’, in Peter Drahos and Susy Frankel (eds), Indigenous Peoples’ Innovation: Intellectual Property Pathways to Development (Canberra: ANU e-press, 2012) 95-120 (with Christoph B. Graber).

‘The Future of Māori Cultural Heritage in New Zealand: Wai 262, Taonga Works, Mātauranga Māori and IPRs’, in Silja Bürgi and Annja Mannhart (eds), Zukunft und Recht, (Zürich: Schulthess, 2012) 221-237.

Commentaries and Reports

Annotated High Court Rules (4th edn, Wellington: LexisNexis, 2018) 756-786 (with Matthew Casey et al.).

'New Zealand’, in Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Study on the Legal Aspects of Supplementary Protection Certificates in the EU. Annex II: International Reports (Brussels: European Commission, 2018) 57-64 (with Susy Frankel).

‘Part 22 – Patents (rr 22.1-22.38) of the High Court Rules 2016’, in Sim’s Court Practice (Wellington: LexisNexis, 2018) Service 214.

Short Articles

‘Theft of Intellectual Property?’ (2018) New Zealand Law Journal 244-245.

'Unity of Invention: The Pre- and Post-Grant Rift in Patent Law' (2017) New Zealand Law Journal 190-192.

‘Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Developments in International Law’ (2013) 11(1) IBA Art, Cultural Institutions and Heritage Law Committee Newsletter 7-11 (with Karolina Kuprecht).

Working Papers

'User Review Portability: Why and How?' (2018) 23 Tilec Discussion Paper (with Vikas Kathuria).

'Validity of Non-Disclosure Agreements in SEP Licensing' (2018) 4 Tilec Discussion Paper (with Vikas Kathuria).

‘Intellectual Property: Law in Context’ (2014) 1 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper (with Christoph B. Graber).

Māori Traditional Knowledge and the Wai 262 Report: A Coherent Way Forward?’ (2012) 3 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper.

Māori Traditional Cultural Expressions and the Wai 262 Report: Looking at the Details’ (2012) 2 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper.

The Protection of Māori Cultural Heritage: Post-Endorsement of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples’ (2011) 2 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper.

‘Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Fair Trade – Voluntary Certification Standards in the Light of WIPO and WTO Law and Policymaking’ (2011) 1 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper (with Christoph B. Graber).

‘Māori Culture in the Modern World: Its Creation, Appropriation and Trade’ (2010) 2 University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper.

Competitions

‘Māori Traditional Knowledge and New Zealand Patent Law: The 2013 Act and the Dawn of a New Era?’ (2014) ATRIP Essay Competition for Young Researchers in Intellectual Property Law, Runner-up. Awarded by the International Association for  the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property.

‘The Patentability of Methods of Medical Treatment of Human Illnesses in New Zealand: Practitioners and Non-Practitioners’ (2007) Loman Friedlander Award, Runner-up. Awarded by the NZ Institute of Patent Attorneys (published at www.nzipa.org.nz).

Publication in Conference Proceedings

‘Nanostructured Calcium Silicate (NCaSil) Solar Cells’, paper presented at the ASES 2009 Conference (Buffalo, USA, 13 May 2009), and published in the Conference Proceedings.

‘Gel-State Calcium Silicate Solar Cells and an Attempt at Photoactive Synthetic Silicates: Cation Treated Tetraethoxysiloxane’, paper presented at the ASES 2009 Conference (Buffalo, USA, 13 May 2009), and published in the Conference Proceedings.

Organised Conferences

‘Copyright Licensing and Regulation in the Asian Pacific’, 4th Annual Asian Pacific Copyright Association Conference, Renmin University of Beijing, Beijing, 26-28 October 2018.

‘Indigenous Knowledge: Mapping the Changing Landscape’, Workshop, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 12 February 2018.

‘The Innovation and Competition Nexus’, 8th Annual Asia Pacific Innovation Conference, 30 November – 2 December 2017, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

·     ‘What’s so Special About the Asian-Pacific? The Region, People and Law’, 3rd Annual Asian Pacific Copyright Association Conference, 29-31 October 2017, University of Technology Sydney, Australia.

‘Access to Material and Immaterial Goods: The Relationship between Intellectual Property and its Physical Embodiment”, 23-24 January 2015, University of Lucerne, Switzerland.

‘International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage’, 17-19 January 2011, University of Lucerne, Switzerland.

Active Participation in Conferences

‘Creating Gender-Neutral Patent Law?’, paper presented at the ATRIP Congress on Recreating Copyright Law - Redesigning Design Law - Rebranding Trademark Law - Reinventing Patent Law, Vanderbilt University, USA, 26-28 August 2019.

‘The Propertisation of Mānuka’, The Wellington Club, Wellington, New Zealand, 26 November 2018.

‘The Changing Function of Patents: A Reversion to Privileges?’, paper presented at IP Academics Conference, University of Tasmania Law School, 12-13 February 2019.

'The Role of Patents: A Gendered Chameleon?’, paper presented at the 9th Annual Asia Pacific Innovation Conference, Delhi School of Economics, 13-14 December 2018.

‘A Successful Recalibration of Patent Law vis-à-vis Mātauranga Māori? A Case Study of Mānuka (Leptospermum Scoparium)’, paper presented at the symposium Intellectual Property and Human Rights: Shifting Boundaries, AUT, New Zealand, 7 December 2018.

‘User Review Portability: Why and How?’, paper presented at the 4th Annual Asian Pacific Copyright Association Conference, Copyright Licensing and Regulation in the Asian Pacific, Renmin University of Beijing, Beijing, 26-28 October 2018.

‘Collective Management and Compulsory Licensing’, panel chaired at the 4th Annual Asian Pacific Copyright Association Conference, Copyright Licensing and Regulation in the Asian Pacific, Renmin University of Beijing, Beijing, 26-28 October 2018.

'Plenary panellist on ‘What Impact has the WAI 262 Claim had on New Zealand’s Laws and Policies?’ at Ngā Taonga Tuku Iho Conference 2018, Our Past, Our Future, Our Legacy, Nelson, New Zealand 16-18 September 2018.

‘Patenting of Plant-Based Resources with Known Māori Use’, paper presented at Ngā Rongoā Rākau Native Flora Seminar, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 26 April 2018 (with Hai-Yuean Tualima).

‘Māori Knowledge under the Microscope: Appropriation and Patenting of Māori Knowledge and Resources’, paper presented at Indigenous Knowledge: Mapping the Changing Landscape, Workshop, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 12 February 2018 (with Daniel Robinson, Tim Stirrup and Hai-Yuean Tualima).

‘User Reviews Portability as Part of Data Portability’, paper presented at the Asia-Pacific Workshop on Innovation, Intellectual Property and Competition, National Law University, Delhi, 5-10 February 2018 (with Vikas Kathuria).

‘SEP Licensing, FRAND and Non-Disclosure Agreements’, paper presented at the Asia-Pacific Workshop on Innovation, Intellectual Property and Competition, National Law University, Delhi, 5-10 February 2018.

'Validity of Non-Disclosure Agreements in SEP Licensing’, paper presented at the8th Annual Asia Pacific Innovation Conference, 30 November – 2 December 2017, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

·    ‘The Ownership and Use of Intellectual Property’, panel chaired at the 8th Annual Asia Pacific Innovation Conference, 30 November – 2 December 2017, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

·    ‘Restrictive Conditions in Patent Law and the Competition Law Interface’, paper presented at the symposium Plurilateralism and the Future of IP in the Asia Pacific, AUT, New Zealand, 17 November 2017.

·    ‘A Pluralist Account of Intellectual Property Regulation in the Pacific Islands: the example of Water Music in Vanuatu’, Keynote by Miranda Forsyth, chaired at the conference What’s so Special About the Asian-Pacific? The Region, People and Law, University of Technology Sydney, Australia, 29-31 October 2017.

·    ‘The Sui Generis and Intellectual Property’s Frontier’, panel chaired at the ATRIP Congress on The Object and Purpose of Intellectual Property, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 24-26 October 2017.

‘Intellectual Property and Māori Advisory Committees: A Step Closer to PIC and ABS?’, paper presented at the Roundtable on Indigenous Knowledge: Governance Systems for Data Management and Benefit Sharing, University of Technology Sydney, 14 December 2016.

‘The Development of Performers’ Rights in New Zealand’, paper presented at the APCA Conference on Copyright in the Asian Pacific: The Challenges and Opportunities, University of Hong Kong, 20-22 November 2016.

‘The Trans-Atlantic Divide’, panel chaired at the conference Geographical Indications: The International Debate and Possible Ways Forward for New Zealand, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 4-5 August 2016.

‘A Right to Adequate Remuneration for the Experimental-Use Exception in Patent Law’, paper presented at the ATRIP Congress on Intellectual Property in Action in Society - New Perspectives from the North, the South and the Cloud, Cape Town, South Africa, 27-30 September 2015.

‘Traditional Cultural Heritage and Alternative Means of Regulation: Issues of Access and Restriction Online’, invited paper presented at the Conference on Intellectual Property on the Internet: Is there Life Outside of the Big Three, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 17-18 November 2014.

‘Myriad Genetics and the BRCA Patents in Europe: The Implications of the US Supreme Court Decision’, invited paper presented at the Conference on The Meaning of Myriad, UC Irvine, USA, 12 September 2014.

‘The State of Open Source Biotech Patents: Are We Moving Forward?’, paper presented at the ATRIP Congress on Intellectual Property Perspectives on the Regulation of New Technologies, University of Montpellier, France, 6-9 July 2014.

‘Gene-Related Patents: Getting the Balance Right’,paper presented at the TILEC Workshop on Innovation and the Patent System, Tilburg University, Netherlands, 20 and 21 June 2013.

‘The Changing Role of Intellectual Property in Universities: A Conceptual Disconnect?’, invited KUSKO Guest Lecture, Uppsala University, Sweden, 28 November 2013.

‘Alternative Models for TK and Governance’, panel chaired at the conference Trade, Intellectual Property and the Knowledge Assets of Indigenous Peoples: The Development Frontier, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 8-10 December 2010.

‘Gel-State Calcium Silicate Solar Cells and an Attempt at Photoactive Synthetic Silicates: Cation Treated Tetraethoxysiloxane’, paper presented at the ASES 2009 Conference, Buffalo, USA, 13 May 2009.

‘Nanostructured Calcium Silicate (NCaSil) Solar Cells’, paper presented at the ASES 2009 Conference, Buffalo, USA, 13 May 2009.

Media

‘Is the Health Star Rating System Working as Well as it Could?’ (5 August 2019) RNZ: Nine to Noon with Kathryn Ryan <https://www.rnz.co.nz/national/programmes/ninetonoon/audio/2018707232/is-the-health-star-rating-system-working-as-well-as-it-could>.

‘Why the Australasian Health Star Rating Needs Major Changes to Make it Work’ (18 June 2019) The Conversation <http://theconversation.com/why-the-australasian-health-star-rating-needs-major-changes-to-make-it-work-114581> (with Samuel Becher, Hongzhi Gao and Alana Harrison).

‘Women’s Gamble in an Old Boys Club’ (6 June 2019) Newsroom <https://www.newsroom.co.nz/2019/06/06/622421/womens-gamble-in-an-old-boys-club>.

‘“Rainbow Tick” Is Not a Certification Mark’ (3 June 2019) Newsroom <https://www.newsroom.co.nz/@ideasroom/2019/06/03/615022/rainbow-tick-is-not-a-certification-mark>, republished (4 June 2019) Stuff.co.nz <https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/opinion-analysis/113220034/rainbow-tick-chose-a-normal-trade-mark-not-a-rarer-certification>.

‘Improving Front-of-Package Food Health Labeling’ (3 May 2019) The Regulatory Review <https://www.theregreview.org/2019/05/03/becher-gao-lai-harrison-front-package-food-labeling/> (with Samuel Becher, Hongzhi Gao and Alana Harrison).

‘Mānuka honey: Who Really Owns the Name and the Knowledge’ (6 November 2018) The Conversation <https://theconversation.com/manuka-honey-who-really-owns-the-name-and-the-knowledge-105508>, republished (7 November 2018) stuff.co.nz <https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/108433559/mnuka-honey-who-really-owns-the-name-and-the-knowledge>.

‘What Fake Honey and Trade Wars Have in Common’ (25 October 2018) Newsroom <https://www.newsroom.co.nz/@future-learning/2018/10/24/290214/what-fake-honey-and-trade-wars-have-in-common> (with Samuel Becher).

‘How Better Tests and Legal Deterrence Could Clean Up the Sticky Mess Left Behind by Fake Honey Row’ (17 September 2018) The Conversation <https://theconversation.com/how-better-tests-and-legal-deterrence-could-clean-up-the-sticky-mess-left-behind-by-fake-honey-row-102973> (with Samuel Becher and Hongzhi Gao).

‘Patents Threaten to Misappropriate Māori Knowledge’ (10 July 2018) Newsroom <https://www.newsroom.co.nz/@future-learning/2018/07/09/145825/patents-raise-concern-over-threat-to-maori-knowledge>.

Courses

Teaching in 2019