Stephen Levine

Prof Stephen Levine profile picture

Professor School of History, Philosophy, Political Science & International Relations

Courses

Teaching in 2019

Qualifications

Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit (ONZM)

BA (honours), City University of New York

MA, American University, School of International Service

PhD, Florida State University

Profile

Stephen Levine is a Professor of Political Science at Victoria University of Wellington and was the founding Head of the university’s School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations (HPPI).

He is founder of Victoria University’s graduate-level parliamentary internship programme, introduced in 2000 and enjoying the support of successive Speakers of the New Zealand House of Representatives. At the 2017 Post-election conference (6 December 2017), the newly elected Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, praised the internship programme: "Stephen, [...] I personally thank you for the work that you continue to do via the honours programme with Victoria University and MPs within this precinct. The number of amazing young people that I have worked alongside through that programme over the years has brought me great heart and great hope for our future and I think it really adds something to this precinct so I thank you for that." James Shaw, leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, added: "I also – like the prime minister – just wanted to give a plug for your honours programme because all three years that I’ve been in Parliament I’ve benefited from having one of your fantastic students in my office."

Read a blog about the parliamentary internship programme by Annie MacDonald, a student who was a member of the programme in 2018.

Professor Levine has played an important role in administering, establishing and promoting School prizes recognising undergraduate and graduate student achievement and research excellence. He also established the Political Science and International Relations Programme’s Leslie Lipson Archive, comprising publications by present and former staff (and students) in Victoria University’s political science and international relations programme, and also arranged for portraits (accompanied by brief biographies) of the programme’s founding Professor (Leslie Lipson) and his successors to be hung around the premises as a contribution to the programme’s ‘institutional memory’. In 2009 he was recognised in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List by being appointed Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit ‘for services to education and the Jewish community’.

A comparative politics specialist, Professor Levine has taught courses on New Zealand politics, Pacific Islands politics, and U.S. politics. His more recent responsibilities include courses on Southeast Asian politics and on African politics (in addition to the postgraduate parliamentary internship programme). He has also taught courses on Politics, Sports and the Arts; Political Psychology; and Political Sociology.

Professor Levine has written extensively about New Zealand’s politics, elections and international relations. Professor Levine has co-edited books about each of New Zealand’s elections under MMP – From Campaign to Coalition (1996); Left Turn (1999); New Zealand Votes (2002); The Baubles of Office (2005); Key to Victory (2008); Kicking the Tyres (2011); and Moments of Truth (2014). He served as Director of the New Zealand Political Change Project (1995-2003), funded by the Foundation for Research, Science and Technology, which examined the impact of MMP on New Zealand’s government and politics. From the mid-1980s Professor Levine and his colleague Professor Nigel S. Roberts were responsible for nationwide surveys of public opinion during New Zealand’s triennial parliamentary campaigns, with their findings appearing in journals and book chapters. Professor Levine served several terms as editor of Political Science (subsequently a SAGE publication and now published by Taylor & Francis, with all of its issues made digitally available), completing his latest term in 2009 as the journal’s longest-serving editor. In 2005 he was appointed founding co-editor of the Royal Society of New Zealand’s new social science journal, Kotuitui, completing his term in 2009. From 2003 to 2007 Professor Levine served as a member of the board of Fulbright New Zealand [The New Zealand-United States Educational Foundation].

Professor Levine was the organiser of the 2017 Victoria University post-election conference, held on Wednesday, 6 December 2017, at the Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington. The conference lead to the 2017 election book, Stardust and Substance: New Zealand’s 2017 Election, published by Victoria University Press in September 2018.

Jacinda Ardern and Stephen Levine
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern holds a copy of Stardust and Substance, alongside Professor Stephen Levine. Photo credit: VUW Image Services.

In 2011 Professor Levine was invited by the University of Auckland to present its annual Chapman Lecture (which was entitled ‘New Zealand Politics: Democracy and the Semi-Sovereign People').

In 2012 Professors Levine and Roberts completed the editing of the 'Government and Nation' theme for Te Ara, the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage’s online Encyclopedia of New Zealand, which was launched in June 2012 by the Governor-General at a special function held in the Beehive Banquet Hall. Professor Levine contributed three of the 'entries' to the encyclopedia: on New Zealand’s capital city; on the country's coat of arms; and on New Zealand's political values. The encyclopedia has approximately 100 'entries'.

Current research activities

Professor Levine’s research interests focus principally on constitutional and electoral systems issues viewed in comparative perspective. He has also been studying the implications of electoral system change for parliamentary institutions and for New Zealand’s Members of Parliament. As a comparative politics specialist, Professor Levine’s interests range across a variety of themes, countries and regions.

The Annual Register – Apart from his research into aspects of New Zealand politics, he has also published various studies of Pacific Islands politics and international relations, including annual reviews of developments in Pacific Island states for The Annual Register (founded by Sir Edmund Burke in 1758). Professor Levine also writes the annual review of politics in New Zealand, and in Southeast Asia – covering Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia – for that publication, as well as a review of ‘Asia-Pacific organisations’ (such as the Pacific Islands Forum, ASEAN and APEC). Professor Levine’s chapters on New Zealand have appeared annually since 2001; on Pacific Island states, annually since 2001; on Southeast Asian countries, annually since 2004; and on Asia-Pacific organisations, annually since 2007.

Counterfactuals – In 2005 Professor Levine’s research interests developed in a new direction with his convening of a ‘counterfactuals’ conference looking at ‘alternatives’ in New Zealand’s history and politics. The result, in December 2006, was an edited volume entitled New Zealand as it might have been. Subsequently, Professor Levine organised a second volume of ‘what if’ scenarios focusing on New Zealand’s history and political development, published in 2010 as New Zealand as it might have been 2. Apart from introductory and concluding chapters, Professor Levine’s own contributions to these two volumes involved ‘what if’ scenarios about New Zealand’s capital city (‘what if Nelson had been made the capital of New Zealand?’), electoral system (‘what if New Zealand had not adopted MMP?’) [co-authored with Professor Roberts], and its security during the second world war (‘what if New Zealand had come under Nazi occupation?’).

Post-election conferences – As noted, Professor Levine has been co-editor of a series of books on New Zealand’s elections under MMP, publications that have arisen out of post-election conferences (beginning in 1987) sponsored by Victoria University’s Political Science and International Relations programme. In 2005 he and Nigel Roberts organised the programme’s post-election conference (leading to publication of The Baubles of Office) and in 2008 Professors Levine and Roberts organised a further post-election conference in December at The Legislative Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings, Wellington (leading to publication of Key to Victory, launched in 2010 at the Beehive by Prime Minister John Key). With Professor Roberts’ retirement the 2011 post-election conference, also held at The Legislative Council Chamber, was organised in collaboration with his Victoria University colleague Dr Jon Johansson, with Kicking the Tyres being published in 2012 (and launched by Prime Minister John Key).

Professor Levine and Dr Johansson organised a further post-election conference following the 20 September 2014 New Zealand general election. Participants included the Prime Minister and the leaders of all parties represented in Parliament following the election. The conference led to the publication of a book (with a DVD containing televised campaign highlights and other materials), Moments of Truth: The New Zealand General Election of 2014 (published September 2015). Professor Levine also collaborated with Nigel S. Roberts to write a study of the 2014 New Zealand election, published in the 6th edition of New Zealand Government & Politics (Oxford University Press).

Leadership/political rhetoric – In August 2011 Professor Levine and Dr Johansson organised a first-ever conference on New Zealand’s ‘political rhetoric’. Hosted by the then Speaker, who contributed a paper to it, the two-day conference was held at Parliament’s Legislative Council Chamber. Professor Levine’s own contribution, presented at the conference, was entitled: ‘Saying “Sayonara”: Farewell Addresses and the New Zealand Parliament’, a study of themes and topics found in MPs’ valedictory speeches.

In 2011 Professor Levine and Dr Johansson carried out a survey replicating a 1998 study assessing the strengths and weaknesses of New Zealand’s premiers and prime ministers. The results – discussed in a radio interview on 1 July 2012 – appear in their chapter, 'Evaluating Prime Ministerial Performance: The New Zealand Experience', in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives (Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 291-317).

Pacific Islands politics – Professor Levine has taught and published about the politics of Pacific Island countries and territories for more than 30 years. He was co-founder of the Pacific Islands Political Studies Association (PIPSA), proposing its name, at a meeting in Hawaii in 1987.

A second edition of his book on Pacific Islands government and politics, covering 27 countries and territories, entitled Pacific Ways: Government and Politics in the Pacific Islands, was published by Victoria University Press in March 2016. The first edition of Pacific Ways: Government and Politics in the Pacific Islands was published in 2009. Professor Levine also edited and contributed to New Zealand-New Caledonia: Neighbours, Friends, Partners, published in 2008. In 2011 he presented a paper on ‘The experience of sovereignty in the Pacific: island states and political autonomy in the 21st century’ to a conference on small island states held at the University of Edinburgh, and it was published in 2012 in Commonwealth and Comparative Politics (vol. 50, no. 4).

‘Asian values’ – Professor Levine has also contributed perspectives on broader themes dealing with democracy, human rights and post-conflict reconciliation, in part as a result of his involvement with a project on ‘Asian values’ organised by an institute in Japan (beginning in 1999-2000). In March 2007 Professor Levine organised and edited a special theme issue on ‘Asian Values and Regional Community Building’ for an international journal, Politics and Policy, reflecting some aspects of his research in this area. In 2010 he presented a paper on ‘apology’ to a special conference on apology and reconciliation held at the University of Waikato. In 2013 his paper – ‘Human Rights, Shared Values and an ASEAN Identity’ (discussing the significance of ASEAN’s 2012 Human Rights Declaration) – was presented to a conference on ‘Building ASEAN Identity on a Transnational Dimension’, held at the United Nations University in Tokyo, Japan. The paper was published in Yasushi Kikuchi and Vesselin Popovski (eds.), Building ASEAN Identity on a Transnational Dimension (Tokyo: United Nations University, 2014), pp. 220-232.

China study programme – In 2006 Professor Levine and Victoria University’s Dr Xiaoming Huang organised the programme’s first-ever overseas study course, bringing a group of undergraduate students to Beijing, China, for in-country lectures and study experiences focusing on China’s politics, government, legal system, and regional/international relations. In 2007, in turn, a group of students from Beijing’s China University of Politics and Law came to Victoria University to take part in a special programme on New Zealand’s politics, government, legal system, and regional/international relations, organised by Professor Levine and Dr Huang. In 2008 Professor Levine and Dr Huang organised a second Victoria University study programme in Beijing. This study programme, now organised by other staff in the programme, occurs every two years and has become a valued part of the programme’s curriculum. In 2000, Professor Levine co-organised a ‘dialogue’ conference in Taiwan, with National Chengchi University’s Institute of International Relations, leading a delegation of New Zealand scholars participating in the event.

Selection of publications

In addition to publications mentioned above, Professor Levine’s other publications (excluding newspaper commentaries, magazine articles and book reviews) include the following (organised broadly by subject area):

New Zealand politics and international relations

Elections, electoral studies, voting behaviour

2017 New Zealand election

‘Can New Zealand’s unlikely coalition deliver in 2018?’, East Asia Forum, 26 December 2017.

‘How Populist is New Zealand’s Surprise Coalition Government?’, World Politics Review, 2 November 2017.

‘Substance and stardust in New Zealand’s 2017 election’, East Asia Forum, 30 September 2017.

‘New Zealand’s 2017 Election Prospects’, East Asia Forum, 21 January 2017.

2014 New Zealand election

‘Moments of Truth: the 2014 New Zealand general election’, in Jon Johansson and Stephen Levine (eds.), Moments of Truth: The New Zealand General Election of 2014, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2015, pp. 29-69, 333-339.

‘The General Election of 2014’, in Janine Hayward (ed.), New Zealand Government and Politics, 6th edition, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 334-344 [co-author].

2011 New Zealand election

‘Making New Zealand a better country? The 2011 election and referendum’, in Stephen Levine and Jon Johansson (eds.), Kicking the Tyres: The New Zealand General Election and Electoral Referendum of 2011, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2012, pp. 31-64, 357-360 [co-author].

2008 New Zealand election

‘2008: Key to victory’, in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), Key to Victory: The New Zealand General Election of 2008 (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2010), pp. 25-42 [co-author].

‘2008: Voting behaviour and the keys to victory’, in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), Key to Victory: The New Zealand General Election of 2008 (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2010), pp. 225-237 [co-author].

‘The General Election of 2008’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Government and Politics, 5th edn. (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 339-353 [co-author].

2005 New Zealand election

‘The Baubles of Office: Winning and Losing under MMP’, in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2007, pp. 23-49 [co-author].

‘Mixed Messages: Voting Behaviour in New Zealand in 2005’, in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2007, pp. 359-383 [co-author].

‘The General Election of 2005’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Government and Politics, 4th edn. (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 338-352 [co-author].

2002 New Zealand election

‘New Zealand Votes: An Overview’, in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Church, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), New Zealand Votes: The General Election of 2002, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2003, pp. 15-27 [co-author].

‘Consistent Patterns and Clear Trends: Electoral Behaviour in 2002’, in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Church, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), New Zealand Votes: The General Election of 2002, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2003, pp. 309-332 [co-author].

‘The 2002 General Election’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Government and Politics, 3rd edn. [including New Zealand Politics in Transition as ‘first edition’], Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp. 219-232 [co-author].

‘The New Zealand Election of 2002’, The Journal of New Zealand Studies in Japan, vol. 10, December 2003, pp. 12-32 [in English, with Japanese abstract]; and in Japanese translation, pp. 33-48 [with English abstract].

New Zealand politics in the 1990s

‘Politics [in New Zealand in the 1990s]’, in Asia Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 42, no. 1, April 2001, pp. 141-148 [co-author].

1999 New Zealand election

'Introduction’ in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Church, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), Left Turn: The New Zealand General Election of 1999, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2000, pp. 7-15 [co-author].

‘Voting Behaviour in 1999’, in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Church, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), Left Turn: The New Zealand General Election of 1999, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2000, pp. 161-174 [co-author].

‘The 1999 Election Results’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Government and Politics, Auckland: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 213-223 [co-author].

‘Proportional Representation and the 1999 Election in New Zealand: lessons for Japan’, Seijo Hogaku [Seijo Law Review], No 62, July 2000, pp. 1-30.

1996 New Zealand election

‘Preface’, in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), From Campaign to Coalition: New Zealand’s First General Election Under Proportional Representation, Palmerston North: Dunmore, 1997, pp 7-11.

‘Surveying the Snark: Voting Behaviour in the 1996 New Zealand General Election’, in Jonathan Boston, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), From Campaign to Coalition: New Zealand’s First General Election Under Proportional Representation, Palmerston North: Dunmore, 1997, pp 183-197.

‘The 1996 general election in New Zealand: Proportional representation and political change’, Australian Quarterly, vol. 69, no. 1, Autumn 1997, pp. 1-14 [co-author].

‘The 1996 General Election’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Politics in Transition, Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 223-233 [co-author].

New Zealand and electoral system change – the introduction and implementation of MMP

‘MMP and the Future: Political Challenges and Proposed Reforms’, New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law, vol. 7, no. 1, 2009, pp. 135-156 [co-author].

‘A Wider View: MMP Ten Years On’, in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2007, pp. 445-475 [co-author].

‘An Initial Assessment of the consequences of MMP in New Zealand’, in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems, The Best of Both Worlds? (eds.), Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 297-322 [co-author].

‘The Individual Parliamentary Member and Institutional Change: The Changing Role of the New Zealand Member of Parliament’, The Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 5, no. 4, Autumn/Winter 1999, pp. 105-130 [reprinted in The Uneasy Relationships Between Parliamentary Members and Leaders, L.D. Longley and R.Y. Hazan (eds.), London: Frank Cass, 2000] [co-author].

‘Enthusiasm and Entropy: New Zealand's Experience with Proportional Representation?’, Representation: Journal of Representative Democracy, vol. 35, no. 1, 1998, pp. 32-40 [co-author].

‘Courting Change: The Role of the Judiciary in Altering an Electoral System’, Public Law Review, vol. 8, no. 4, 1997, pp. 229-243 [co-author].

‘MMP: The Decision’, in Raymond Miller (ed.), New Zealand Politics in Transition, Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 25-36 [co-author].

‘Why Did New Zealand Adopt German-Style Proportional Representation?’, Representation: Journal of Representative Democracy, vol. 33, no. 4, 1996, pp. 134-140 [co-author].

New Zealand Under MMP: A New Politics?, Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1996 [co-author].

Electoral and Constitutional Change in New Zealand: An MMP Source Book, Palmerston North: Dunmore, 1999 [co-editor].

1993 New Zealand election and electoral system referendum

‘The New Zealand Electoral Referendum and General Election of 1993’, in Electoral Studies, vol.13, no. 3, 1994, pp. 240-253 [co-author].

‘The New Zealand General Election and Electoral Referendum of 1993’, Political Science, vol. 46, no. 1, 1994, pp. 40-69 [co-author].

‘The Last Hurrah: The New Zealand General Election of 1993 – What Happened and Why'’ in Vowles, J. and P. Aimer (eds.), Double Decision: The 1993 Election and Referendum in New Zealand, Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington, Department of Political Science, 1994, pp. 141-161 [co-author].

1992 New Zealand electoral system referendum

‘The Referendum Results: “The People Screamed” ‘, in Alan McRobie (ed.), Talking it to the People?: The New Zealand Electoral Referendum Debate, Christchurch: Hazard Press, 1993, pp. 57-67 [co-author].

‘The New Zealand Electoral Referendum of 1992’, Electoral Studies, vol.12, no. 2, 1993, pp. 158-167 [co-author].

1990 New Zealand election

‘National to Power: Voter Choice in 1990’ in Hyam Gold (ed.), New Zealand Politics in Perspective, 3rd edn., Auckland: Longman Paul, 1992, pp. 493-512 [co-author].

‘The New Zealand General Election of 1990’, Political Science, vol. 43, no. 1, 1991, pp. 1-19 [co-author].

‘A Mirror for Miramar?’ in McLeay, E. M. (ed.), The 1990 General Election: Perspectives on Political Change in New Zealand, Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington, Department of Political Science, 1991, pp. 119-150 [co-author].

New Zealand politics in the 1980s

From Muldoon to Lange: New Zealand Elections in the 1980s, Christchurch: MC Enterprises, 2002 [co-author].

‘Politics [in New Zealand in the 1980s]’, in Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 32, no. 2, 1991, pp. 210-216.

‘Electoral Reform and Referendums: The Views of Voters in New Zealand in 1987 and 1990’, in Alan Simpson (ed.), Referendums: Constitutional and Political Perspectives, Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington, Department of Political Science, 1992, pp. 93-125 [co-author].

1987 New Zealand election

‘Parties, Leaders, and Issues in the 1987 Election’, in Hyam Gold (ed.), New Zealand Politics in Perspective, 2nd edn., Auckland: Longman Paul, 1989, pp 423-445 [co-author].

‘Aspects of Electoral Behaviour’, in Margaret Clark (ed.), The 1987 General Election: What Happened?, Social Science Research Fund Committee, Wellington, 1987, pp. 10-35 [co-author].

‘1987: A Return to Two-party Politics?’, in Stephen Levine and Alan McRobie, From Muldoon to Lange: New Zealand Elections in the 1980s, Christchurch: MC Enterprises, 2002, pp. 145-175.

1984 New Zealand election

‘Parties, Policies, and Personalities: A Study of Two Electorates in the 1984 New Zealand General Election’, Political Science, vol. 39, no. 1, 1987, pp 1-16 [co-author].

1981 New Zealand election

Election '81: An End to Muldoonism?, Auckland: Methuen Publications (NZ), 1981 [co-author].

‘Continuity and Change in New Zealand Politics’, in Stephen Levine and Alan McRobie, From Muldoon to Lange: New Zealand Elections in the 1980s, Christchurch: MC Enterprises, 2002, pp. 1-53.

New Zealand politics in the 1970s

‘Politics [in New Zealand in the 1970s]’, in Pacific Viewpoint, vol. 20, no. 2, 1979, pp. 158-163.

‘The Nelson By-Election: Politics in a New Zealand Community’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), Politics in New Zealand: A Reader, Sydney: George Allen and Unwin Australia, 1978, pp. 222-240.

‘New Zealand Politics: Annual Review’, The Australian Quarterly, vol. 49, no. 1, 1977, pp. 99-117.

1978 New Zealand election

‘The New Zealand Election of 1978: An Ambiguous Verdict’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. XXXII, no. 4, 1979, pp. 410-421.

1975 New Zealand election

The New Zealand Voter: A Survey of Public Opinion and Electoral Behaviour, Wellington: Price Milburn, 1976 [co-author].

The New Zealand General Election of 1975, Wellington: Price Milburn, 1975 [co-author].

‘The New Zealand General Election of 1975’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. XXIX, no. 3, 1976, pp. 310-326 [co-author].

1972 New Zealand election

‘Values and Politics: A Content Analysis of Party Programmes’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), New Zealand Politics: A Reader, Melbourne: Cheshire Publishing, 1975, pp. 115-124.

‘Labour After Nine Months: An Interview with John L. Roberts’ in Stephen Levine (ed.), New Zealand Politics: A Reader, Melbourne: Cheshire Publishing, 1975, pp. 418-427.

Electoral Studies / Voting Behaviour

‘Tacking towards the centre: winning elections in New Zealand and Japan’, in The Roles of New Zealand and Japan in the Asia-Pacific: From Standpoints of Security, Economy and Cultural Exchange, Tokyo: Ronsosha, 2009, pp. 49-78.

‘Bias and Reliability: Political Perceptions of the New Zealand News Media’, in Judy McGregor (ed.), Dangerous Democracy? News Media Politics in New Zealand, Palmerston North: Dunmore, 1996, pp. 197-209 [co-author].

‘Agenda Gap: Political Perspectives and Gender Differences in New Zealand’, Political Science, vol. 45, no. 1, 1993, pp. 139-151 [co-author].

‘Elderly People and the Political Process’, in Peggy Koopman-Boyden (ed.), New Zealand's Ageing Society: The Implications, Wellington: Daphne Brasell Associates Press, 1993, pp. 230-254 [co-author].

‘Sore Labour’s Bath? The Paradox of Party Identification in New Zealand’ in Margaret Clark (ed.), The Labour Party after 75 Years, Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington, Department of Political Science, 1992, pp. 50-72 [co-author].

‘Policies and Political Perspectives: The Importance of Issues and Problems in New Zealand Electoral Behaviour’, in Martin Holland (ed.), Electoral Behaviour in New Zealand, Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1992, pp. 71-90 [co-author].

‘Elections and Expectations: Evidence from Electoral Surveys in New Zealand’, London: Frank Cass, in The Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, vol. XXIX, no. 2, 1991, pp. 129-152 [co-author].

New Zealand politics and government

‘New Zealand’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), Pacific Ways: Government and Politics in the Pacific Islands, second edition, (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2016), pp. 177-187; in the first edition, 2009, pp. 141-150.

‘New Zealand in Perspective – Identity and the Search for Security’, in Frédéric Angleviel and Stephen Levine) (eds.), New Zealand – New Caledonia: Neighbours, Friends, Partners / La Nouvelle-Zélande et la Nouvelle-Calédonie: Voisins, amis et partenaires, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2008, pp. 27-40.

‘Assessing Parliamentary Performance – Problems and Possibilities’, Revue Juridique Polynesienne, vol. 12, 2006, pp. 43-53.

‘From Lobby Fodder to Leadership: New Zealand Parliamentarians and Select Committees’, Political Science, vol. 56, no. 2, 2004, pp. 39-49 [co-author].

‘Parliamentary Democracy in New Zealand’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 57, no. 3, July 2004, pp. 646-665.

The New Zealand Political System: Politics in a Small Society, Sydney: George Allen and Unwin Australia, 1979.

Politics in New Zealand: A Reader, Sydney: George Allen and Unwin Australia, 1978 [editor/contributor].

‘New Zealand’s Political System’ in Howard R. Penniman (ed.), New Zealand at the Polls: The General Election of 1978, Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1980, pp. 1-33.

New Zealand Politics: A Reader, Melbourne: Cheshire Publishing, 1975 [editor/contributor].

‘Structural Features of New Zealand Government’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), New Zealand Politics: A Reader, Melbourne: Cheshire Publishing, 1975, pp. 360-364.

‘The Fern and the Tiki Revisited: Mapping Political Culture’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), New Zealand Politics: A Reader, Melbourne: Cheshire Publishing, 1975, pp. 312-318.

New Zealand – defence and security; foreign policy; ‘peace studies’

‘Defence, Politics and the 2005 New Zealand General Election’, Australian Defence Force Journal, issue number 170, 2006, pp. 87-96 [reprinted in revised form in Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (eds.), The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005, Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2007, pp. 328-339].

Waging Peace: Towards 2000, Auckland: Foundation for Peace Studies, 1995 [co-author].

‘Nuclear-Free Zones and Alliance Diplomacy: The New Zealand Experience’, The Jerusalem Journal of International Relations, vol. 9, no. 4, 1987, pp. 1-34.

Waging Peace: A Study of Public and Parliamentary Attitudes Towards Peace and Security Issues, Auckland: New Zealand Foundation for Peace Studies, 1979 [co-author].

‘Public Opinion, Political Parties, and Foreign Policy’, in John Henderson, Keith Jackson and Richard Kennaway (eds.), Beyond New Zealand: The Foreign Policy of a Small State, Auckland: Methuen, 1980, pp. 242-258 [co-author].

‘An Alternative View of ANZUS’, in John Henderson, Keith Jackson and Richard Kennaway (eds.), Beyond New Zealand: The Foreign Policy of a Small State, Auckland: Methuen, 1980, pp. 52-56.

‘New Zealand-United States Relations – A Political Appraisal’, in Alternatives to ANZUS, Vol. I, Auckland: The New Zealand Foundation for Peace Studies, 1977, pp. 9-17 [reprinted in Alternatives to ANZUS, Vol. II, pp. 23-33].

‘Defence’, in Ray Goldstein and Rod Alley (eds.), Labour in Power: Promise and performance: Evaluations of the work of the New Zealand Government from 1972 to 1975, Wellington: Price Milburn, 1975, pp. 173-183.

New Zealand – constitutions, human rights, indigenous politics

‘Exit, Voice and Loyalty in Action: Maori Representation in the New Zealand Parliament’, in Maria Bargh (ed.), Maori and Parliament: Diverse Strategies and Compromises, Wellington: Huia, 2010, pp. 115-148 [co-author].

‘The Concept of Autonomy and the Treaty of Waitangi’, in Pascal Gourdon (ed.), The Concept of Autonomy in French Polynesia, Revue Juridique Polynesienne, numero hors serie, vol. 4, 2004, pp. 305-316 [with French abstract].

‘The New Zealand Constitution: Context, Conventions and Contemporary Issues’, in Stephen Levine (and Yves-Louis Sage) (eds.), Contemporary Challenges in the Pacific: Towards A New Consensus, Revue Juridique Polynesienne, numero hors serie, vol. 2, 2002, pp. 225-240 [with French abstract].

The New Zealand Politics Source Book: Third Edition, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 1999 [co-editor].

The New Zealand Politics Source Book: Second Edition, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 1994 [co-editor].

The New Zealand Politics Source Book, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 1992 [co-editor].

‘Bills of Rights in Parliamentary Settings: New Zealand and Israeli Experience’, Parliamentary Affairs: A Journal of Comparative Politics, vol. 44, no. 3, 1991, pp. 337-352.

‘Racism in letters to the editor’, New Zealand Journalism Review, vol. 3, Spring/Summer 1990, pp. 36-40.

Maori Political Perspectives (He Whakaaro Maori Mo Nga Ti Kanga Kawanatanga), Auckland: Hutchinson, 1985 [co-author].

A Constitution and Bill of Rights for New Zealand: An Idea Whose Time has Come?, Wellington: New Zealand Institute of Public Administration, in Public Sector Research Papers: A series in New Zealand Public Policy, vol. II, no. 4, 1981.

‘The Indecent Publications Tribunal – Some Political Observations’, University of Otago Law Journal, 1974, pp. 228-244.

New Zealand Political Leadership

‘New Zealand: Independence and Prime Ministers, 1947-2007’ – 60th Anniversary Edition, Political Science, vol. 60, number 2, 2008 [co-editor].

‘The Bolger years: troubles and transformations’, in Margaret Clark (ed.), The Bolger Years 1990-1997, Wellington: Dunmore, 2008, pp. 201-215, 219-222 [co-author].

‘Not quite Camelot’, in Margaret Clark (ed.), For the Record: Lange and the Fourth Labour Government, Wellington: Dunmore Press, 2005, pp. 208-17; 251-54 [co-author].

‘Their Ways: A Comparative Assessment of New Zealand Prime Ministers and the News Media’, in Margaret Clark (ed.), Muldoon Revisited, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 2004, pp. 243-268 [co-author].

‘Unwanted Heroes? Three Labour Leaders and Seven Campaigns’, in Margaret Clark (ed.), Three Labour Leaders: Nordmeyer, Kirk, Rowling, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 2001, pp. 214-230 [co-author].

‘Political Leadership in a Parliamentary Setting: The Case of New Zealand’, in Longley-Agh-Zajc (eds.), Parliamentary Members and Leaders: The Delicate Balance, Working Papers on Comparative Legislative Studies IV, Research Committee of Legislative Specialists, International Political Science Association, 2000, pp. 399-412.

Pacific Islands politics and international relations

‘The experience of sovereignty in the Pacific: island states and political autonomy in the 21st century’, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, vol. 50, no. 4, 2012.

‘Democracy and its discontents – Tonga, Fiji and the “arc of instability” ’, Pacific News, no. 28, July-August 2007, pp. 4-8.

‘The Constitutional Structures and Electoral Systems of Pacific Island States’, Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, vol. 43, no. 3, November 2005, pp. 397-416 [co-author].

‘Contemporary Challenges in the Pacific: Towards A New Consensus’, Revue Juridique Polynesienne, numero hors serie, vol. 2, 2002 [co-editor].

‘Contemporary Challenges in the Pacific: Towards A New Consensus’, Revue Juridique Polynesienne, numero hors serie, vol. 1, 2001 [co-editor].

‘Niue’; ‘Tokelau’ [annual political reviews] in The Contemporary Pacific, vols. 2–13 [‘Niue’: 1990-2001; ‘Tokelau’: 1990-98], University of Hawaii.

‘Culture and Conflict in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, and the Federated States of Micronesia’, in Michael E. Brown and Sumit Ganguly (eds.), Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and Pacific, (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1997), pp. 457-508.

‘Constitutional Change in Tuvalu’, in Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. 27, 1992, pp. 492-509.

‘Political Change in the Pacific’, special issue of Pacific Studies, vol. 12, no.1, 1988 [guest editor].

‘The Politics of Pacific Security’, in Roderic M. Alley (ed.), New Zealand and the Pacific, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1984, pp. 272-299.

‘Elections in the Pacific’, Political Science, vol. 35, no. 1, July 1983 [editor].

‘The Teaching of Pacific Island Politics: The Role of Political Science’, Laie: Brigham Young University - Hawaii Campus, Institute for Polynesian Studies, The Politics of Evolving Cultures in the Pacific Islands: Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored by the Institute for Polynesian Studies, Brigham Young University - Hawaii Campus, 1982, pp. 9-20.

‘Law and Politics in the American Pacific’, Political Science, vol. 34, no. 1, July 1982 [editor].

Pacific Power Maps: An Analysis of the Constitutions of Pacific Island Polities, Honolulu: Pacific Islands Studies, Centre for Asian and Pacific Studies in collaboration with the University of Hawaii, Social Science Research Institute, 1982.

‘Asian values’, human rights and national identity

‘Asian Values and the Asia Pacific Community: Shared Interests and Common Concerns’, in ‘Asian Values and Regional Community Building’, special issue of Politics and Policy, vol. 35, no. 1, March 2007, pp. 102-135.

‘Introduction: Asian Values and Regional Community Building’, in ‘Asian Values and Regional Community Building’, special issue of Politics and Policy, vol. 35, no. 1, March 2007, pp. 1-5.

‘Asian Values and Regional Community Building’, special issue of Politics and Policy [journal of the Policy Studies Organization, published by Blackwell], vol. 35, no. 1, March 2007 [guest editor].

‘Human Security and “Asian Values” ’, Asian Values in the Globalizing World of the 21st Century: Annual Report 2005-2006, Asia Pacific Research Center, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe, Japan, 2006, pp. 347-374.

‘Asian Values and Democratic Experience: Constitutional Perspectives’, Kobe: Asia Pacific Research Center [Asia Pacific Papers No. 5], Kobe Gakuin University, 2004.

‘Asian Values and Human Rights – A New Zealand Perspective’, Kobe: Asia Pacific Research Center [Asia Pacific Papers No. 2], Kobe Gakuin University, 2003.

‘“Asian Values”, Regional Security and Human Rights – A New Zealand Perspective’, Kazakhstan and Contemporary World, vol. 1, no. 2, 2002, pp. 125-152. [in Russian and in English]

Jewish community studies

‘Jews in French Polynesia’, in M. Avrum Ehrlich (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture, volume 2, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2009, pp. 533-4.

‘Jews in New Zealand’, in M. Avrum Ehrlich (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Jewish Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture, volume 2, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2009, pp. 534-541.

‘Jews’ [chapter 28], in Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand (eds.), Settlers and Migrant Peoples of New Zealand (Auckland, David Bateman, 2006), pp. 192-195.

‘The Constitutional Documents of New Zealand Jewry’, Jewish Political Studies Review, vol. 12, no. 1-2, Spring 2000.

The Jews of Japan, Jerusalem Letter 425, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 2000 [co-author].

The New Zealand Jewish Community (Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 1999).

A Standard for the People: The 150th Anniversary of the Wellington Hebrew Congregation 1843-1993, Christchurch: Hazard Press, 1995 [editor/contributor].

New Zealand Jewry in Transition, Jerusalem Letter 92, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, February 1987.

Other topics

U.S. law, politics and international relations

‘The U.S. Presidential Election of 2004’, Chiang Mai University Political Science Department Journal, vol. 39, no. 1, 2004, pp. 197-213.

‘Turning a Blind Eye’, Northwestern Journal of International Affairs, vol. IV, Winter 2002, pp. 16-25.

‘A Jeffersonian Vision for New Zealand?’, Wellington: New Zealand Institute of Public Administration, Public Sector, vol. 3, no. 2, 1980, pp. 9-12.

‘After the Bicentennial: The Dark at the End of the Tunnel’, Pacific Moana Quarterly, vol. 3, no. 3, 1978, pp. 282-285.

‘'Pornography and Law - Latest U.S. Developments’, The New Zealand Law Journal, no. 21, 20 November 1973, pp. 497-502

Politics and the ethics of apology

‘Making Amends: The Ethics of National Apology’, Asian Values in the Globalizing World of the 21st Century: Annual Report 2005-2006 (Overview of the Project), Asia Pacific Research Center, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe, Japan, 2007, pp. 219-250.

Public service and the national interest

Koeki – a personal view’, in Forum 21 – Tohoku Koeki Bunka Daigaku Sohgoh Kenkyu Ronsyu [Tohoku University of Community Service and Science, Academic Research Papers], vol. 2, December 2001, pp. 97-122.

Politics and government in the Asia-Pacific

‘How Burma Could Democratize’, Journal of Democracy, vol. 12, no. 4, October 2001, pp. 95-108 [co-author].

‘Constitutional Developments in New Zealand and the Implications for Cross-Strait Policies’, in New Zealand, Taiwan and Cross-Strait Relations: New Governments, New Policies?, 2000 New Zealand/Taiwan Dialogue, Taipei: Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, and School of Political Science and International Relations, Victoria University of Wellington, 2000, pp. 1-30.

New Zealand political science

‘Reminiscences from Stephen Levine [NZPSA Secretary 1975; a founding member]: New Zealand Political Science – From 1974 to 2005’, NZPSA Newsletter, vol. 12, no. 1, November 2005, p. 2.

‘The Politics of Political Science’, in Stephen Levine (ed.), Politics in New Zealand: A Reader, Sydney: George Allen and Unwin Australia, 1978, pp. 353-366.

Political Science journal

‘Editorial’, Political Science, vol. 61, no. 2, 2009, pp. 3-4 [co-author].

‘Continuity and Change in Political Science, Political Science, vol. 61, no. 1, 2009, pp. 3-6 [co-author].

‘In the Limelight? The 60th Anniversary of New Zealand’s Independence and of Political Science, Political Science, vol. 60, no. 2, 2008, pp. 3-5 [special 60th Anniversary Edition – New Zealand: Independence and Prime Ministers, 1947-2007] [co-author].

‘Introduction’[50th Anniversary Issue], Political Science, vol. 50, no. 1, 1998, pp 1-3 [co-author].

‘Studies in Political Behaviour: Elections, Groups and the New Zealand Parliament’, Political Science, vol. 35, no. 2, 1983 [editor].

‘New Zealand Political Sociology’, Political Science, vol. 33, no. 2, 1981 [editor].

‘Political Psychology in New Zealand’, Political Science, vol. 32, no. 1, 1980 [co-editor].

‘The Role of Fantasy in Political Behaviour’, Political Science, vol. 32, no. 1, 1980, pp. 85-100.

Courses

Teaching in 2019