Lionel Carter

Refereed publications

2017

Burnett, D.R., and Carter, L., 2017. International Submarine Cables and Biodiversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction - The Cloud Beneath the Sea. Brill Research Perspectives in the Law of the Sea. Brill/Nijhoff vol. 1. ISBN 9789004351592

Carter, L., 2017. Submarine telecommunications and power cables and the BBNJ marine environment. In Karan, H., Aksoy, S., Var Turk, K., (eds), Legal Status of Submarine cables, Pipelines and ABNJ. https://www.seckin.com.tr/kitap/995729899

Pope, E.L., Talling, P.J., Carter, L., Clare, M.A., Hunt, J. E., 2017. Damaging sediment density flows triggered by subtropical cyclones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 458: 161-169.

Turney, C.S.M., Fogwill, C.J., Palmer, J.G., van Sebille, E.,  Thomas, Z., McGlone, M., Richardson, S., Wilmshurst, J.M., Fenwick, P., Zunz, V., Goosse, H., Wilson, K-J., Carter, L., Lipson, M., Jones, R.T., Harsch, M., Clark, G., Marzinelli, E., Rogers, T., Rainsley, E., Ciasto, L., Waterman, S., Thomas, E.R., Visbeck, M., (2017). Tropical forcing of increased Southern Ocean climate variability revealed by a 140-year subantarctic temperature reconstruction.  Climate of the Past Discussions 13: 231-248. doi:10.5194/cp-13-231-2017

2016

Duncan, B., Carter, L., Dunbar, G., Bostock, H., Neil, H., Scott, G., Hayward, B.W., Sabaa, A., (2016). Interglacial/glacial changes in coccolith- rich deposition in the SW Pacific Ocean: An analogue for a warmer world? Global and Planetary Change 144: 252-262. doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.08.001

Gavey, R., Carter, L., Liu, J.T., Talling, P.J., Hsu, R., Pope, E., Evans, G., (2016). Frequent sediment density flows during 2006 to 2015, triggered by competing seismic and weather events: Observations from subsea cablebreaks off southern Taiwan. Marine Geology. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2016.06.001

Pope, E., Talling, P.J., Carter, L., (2016). Which earthquakes trigger damaging submarine mass Movements: insights from a global record of submarine cable breaks? Marine Geology. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2016.01.009

Prebble, J., Crouch, E.M., Cortese, G., Carter, L., Neil, H., Bostock, H., (2016). Southwest Pacific sea surface conditions during Marine Isotope Stage 11 - results from dinoflagellate cysts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 446: 19-31. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.01.007

2015

Florindo, F., Gennari, R., Persico, D., Turco, E., Villa, G., Lurcock, P.C., Roberts, A.P., Winkler, A., Carter, L., Pekar, S.F., (2015). New magnetobiostratigraphic chronology and paleoceanographic changes across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary at DSDP Site 516 (Rio Grande Rise, SW Atlantic). Paleoceanography 30(6): 659-681. doi:10.1002/2014PA002734

Kuehl, S.A., Alexander, C.R., Blair, N.E., Harris, C.K., Marsaglia, K.M., Ogston, A.S., Orpin, A.R., Roering, J.J., Bever, A., Bilderback, E.L., Carter, L., Cerovski-Darriau, C., Childress, L.B., Corbett, D.R., Hale, R., Leithold, E.L., Litchfield, N., Moriarty, J.M., Page, M.J., Pierce, L.E.R., Upton, P., Walsh, J.P., (2015). A source to sink perspective of the Waipaoa River margin. Earth Science Reviews 153: 301-334. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.10.001

Skinner,L., McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Fallon, S., Scrivner, A.E., Primeau, F., (2015). Reduced ventilation and enhanced magnitude of the deep Pacific carbon pool during the last glacial period. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 411: 45-52. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.11.024

2014

Carter, L., Gavey, R., Talling, P.J., Liu  J.T., (2014). Insights into submarine geohazards from breaks in subsea telecommunication cables. Oceanography 27(2): 58-67. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2014.40

Fernandez, D., M. Bowen, and Carter, L., (2014). Intensification and variability of the confluence of subtropical and subantarctic boundary currents east of New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119(2): 1146-1160. doi:10.1002/2013JC009153

Fogwill, C.J., Turney, C.S.M., Meissner, K.J., Golledge, N.R.,  Spence, P., Roberts, J.I., England, M.H., Jones, R.T., Carter, L., (2014). Testing the sensitivity of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to Southern Ocean dynamics: past changes and future implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 29(1): 91-98. ISSN: 0267-8179. doi:10.1002/jqs.2683

Golledge, N.R., Menviel, L., Carter, L., Fogwill, C.J., England, M.H., Cortese, G. Levy, R.H., (2014). Antarctic contribution to meltwater pulse 1A from reduced Southern Ocean overturning. Nature Communications 5: 5107. doi:10.1038/ncomms6107

2013

Behr, Y., Townend, J., Bowen, M., Carter, L., Gorman, R., Brooks, L., Bannister, S., (2013). Source directionality of ambient seismic noise inferred from three-component beam forming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 118: 1-9. doi:10.1029/2012JB009382, 2013

Bostock, H.C., Barrows, T.T., Carter, L., Chase, Z., Cortese, G., Dunbar, G.B., Ellwood, M., Hayward, B., Howard, W., Neil, H.L., Noble, T.L., Mackintosh, A., Moss, P.T., Moy, A.D., White, D., Williams, M.J.M., Armand, L.K., (2013). A review of the Australian-New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 30 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews 74: 35-57. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.018

Florindo, F., Farmer, R.K., Harwood, D.M., Cody, R.D., Levy, R., Bohaty, S.M., Carter, L., Winkler, A., (2013). Paleomagnetism and biostratigraphy of sediments from Southern Ocean ODP Site 744 (southern Kerguelen Plateau): Implications for early-to-middle Miocene climate in Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change 110(C): 434-454. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.05.004

Gomez, B., Carter, L., Trustrum, N.A., Page, M.J., Orpin, A.R., (2013). Coherent rainfall response to middle- and late-Holocene climate variability across the mid-latitude South Pacific. The Holocene 23(7): 1002-1007. doi:10.1177/0959683613479679

Marr, J.P., Bostock, H.C., Carter, L., Bolton, A., Smith, E., (2013). Differential effects of contrasting cleaning procedures on the trace element chemistry of planktic foraminifera. Chemical Geology 351: 310-323. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.05.019

Marr, J.P., Carter, L., Bostock, H.C., Smith, E., Bolton, A., (2013). Southwest Pacific Ocean response to a warming world: using Mg/Ca, Zn/Ca and Mn/Ca in foraminifera to track surface ocean water masses during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography 28: 1-16. doi:10.1002/palo.20032, 2013

Prebble, J.G., Crouch, E.M., Carter, L., Cortese, G., Bostock, H., Neil, H., (2013). An expanded modern dinoflagellate cyst dataset for the Southwest Pacific and Southern Hemisphere with environmental associations. Marine Micropaleontology 101: 33-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.04.004

Prebble, J.G., Crouch, E.M., Carter, L., Cortese, G., Nodder, S.D., (2013). Dinoflagellate cysts from two sediment traps east of New Zealand. Marine Micropaleontology 104: 25-37. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.08.003

2012

Bostock, H.C., Barrows, T.T., Carter, L., Chase, Z., Cortese, G., Dunbar, G.B., Ellwood, M., Hayward, B., Howard, W., Neil, H.L., Noble, T.L., Mackintosh, A., Moss, T., Moy, A.D., White, D., Williams, M.J.M., Armand, L.K., (2012). A review of the Australian-New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 30 ka (Aus-INTIMATE project). Quaternary Science Reviews 74: 35-57. doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.018

Newnham, R., Vandergoes, M., Sikes, E., Carter, L., Wilmshurst, J., Lowe, D., McGlone, M., Sandiford, A., (2012). Does the bipolar seesaw extend to the terrestrial southern mid-latitudes? Quaternary Science Reviews 36 214-222. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.013

2011

Bertler, N., Mayewski, P., Carter, L., (2011). Cold conditions in Antarctica during the Little Ice Age - Implications for abrupt climate change mechanisms. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 308(1-2): 41-51. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.05.021

Bolton, A., Baker , J., Dunbar, G., Carter, L., Neil, H., Smith, E., (2011). Environmental versus biological controls on Mg/Ca variability in Globigerinoides ruber (white) from core top and plankton tow samples in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Paleoceanography 26: PA2219. doi:10.1029/2010PA001924

Fyke, J., Weaver, A., Pollard, D., Eby, M., Carter, L., Mackintosh, A., (2011). A new coupled ice sheet/climate model: description and sensitivity to model physics under Eemian, Last Glacial Maximum, late Holocene and modern climate conditions. Geoscientific Model Development 4: 117-136. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-117-2011

Gomez, B., Carter, L., Orpin, A., Cobb, K., Page, M., Trustrum, N., Palmer, A., 2011. ENSO / SAM interactions during the middle and late Holocene. The Holocene 22(1): 23-30. doi:10.1177/0959683611405241

Hayward, B.W., Sabaa, A.T., Kolodziej, A., Crundwell, M.P., Steph, S., Scott, G.H., Neil, H.L., Bostock, H.C., Carter, L., Grenfell, H.R., (2011). Planktic foraminifera-based sea-surface temperature record in the Tasman Sea and history of the Subtropical Front around New Zealand, over the last one million years. Marine Micropaleontology 82-83: 13-27. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2011.10.003

Marr, J., Baker, J., Carter, L., Allan, A., Dunbar, G., Bostock, H., (2011). Ecological and temperature controls on Mg/Ca ratios of Globigerina bulloides from the southwest Pacific Ocean. Paleoceanography 26(2): PA2209. doi:10.1029/2010PA002059

Marsaglia, K.M., Martin, C.E., Kautz, C.Q., Shapiro, S.A., Carter, L., (2011). Linking a late Miocene-Pliocene hiatus in the deep-sea Bounty Fan off South Island, New Zealand to onshore tectonism and lacustrine sediment storage. Geosphere 7(2): 305-312. doi:10.1130/GES00621.1

2010

Brackley, H.L., Blair, N.E., Trustrum, N.A., Carter, L., Leithold, E.L., Canuel, E.A., Johnston, J., Tate K.R., (2010). Dispersal and transformation of organic carbon across an episodic, high discharge continental margin; Waipaoa Sedimentary System, New Zealand. Marine Geology 270(1-4): 202-212. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.11.00

Carter, L., Orpin, A.R., and Kuehl, S.A., (2010). From mountain source to ocean sink – the passage of sediment across an active margin, Waipaoa sedimentary system, New Zealand. Marine Geology 270(1-4): 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.12.010

Fyke, J.G., Carter, L., Mackintosh, A., Weaver, A.J., Meissner, K.J., (2010). Surface melting over ice shelves and ice sheets as assessed from modelled surface air temperatures. Journal of Climate 23: 1929-1936. doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3122.1

Orpin, A.R., Carter, L., Page, M.J., Cochran, U.A., Trustrum, N.A., Gomez, B., Palmer, A.S., Mildenhall., D.C., Brackley, H.L., Northcote, L., (2010). Holocene sedimentary record from Lake Tutira as a template for upland watershed erosion proximal to the Waipaoa sedimentary system, North-eastern New Zealand. Marine Geology 270(1-4): 11-29. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.10.022

Page, M.J., Trustrum, N.A., Orpin, A.R., Carter, L., Gomez, B., Cochran, U.A., Mildenhall, D.C., Rogers, K.M., Brackley, H.L., Palmer, A.S., Northcote, L., (2010). Storm frequency and magnitude in response to Holocene climate variability, Lake Tutira, north-eastern New Zealand. Marine Geology 270(1-4): 30-44. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.10.019

2009

Brooks, L.A., Townend, J., Gerstoft, P., Bannister, S., Carter, L., (2009). Fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave characteristics of ambient seismic noise in New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters 36: L23303. doi:10.1029/2009GL040434

McKay, R., Browne, G., Carter, L., Cowan, E., Dunbar, G., Krissek, L., Naish, T., Powell, R., Reed, J., Talarico, F., Wilch, T., (2009). The stratigraphic signature of the late Cenozoic Antarctic Ice Sheets in the Ross Embayment. Geological Society of America Bulletin 121: 1537-1561. doi: 10.1130/B26540.1

Naish, T., Powell, R., Levy, R., Wilson, G., Scherer, R., Talarico, F., Krissek, L., Niessen, F., Pompilio, M., Wilson, T., Carter, L., DeConto, R., Huybers, P., McKay, R., Pollard, D., Ross, J., Winter, D., Barrett, P., Browne, G., Cody, R., Cowan, E., Crampton, J., Dunbar, G., Dunbar, N., Florindo, F., Gebhardt, C., Graham, I., Hannah, M., Hansaraj, D., Harwood, D., Helling, D., Henrys, S., Hinnov, L., Kuhn, G., Kyle, P., Läufer, A., Maffioli, P., Magens, D., Mandernack, K., McIntosh, W., Millan, C., Morin, R., Ohneiser, C., Paulsen, T., Persico, D., Raine, I., Reed, J., Riesselman, C., Sagnotti, L., Schmitt, D., Sjunneskog, C., Strong, P., Taviani, M., Vogel, S., Wilch, T., Williams, T., (2009). Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice Sheet oscillations. Nature 458: 322-328. [PDF]

2008

Allan, A.S.R., Baker, J.A., Carter, L., Wysoczanski, R.J., (2008). Reconstructing the Quaternary evolution of the world’s most active silicic volcanic system: Insights from a ~1.65 Myr deep ocean tephra record sourced from Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 2341-2360.

Carter, L., Manighetti, M., Ganssen, G., and Northcote, L., (2008). SW Pacific modulation of abrupt climate change during the Antarctic Cold Reversal - Younger Dryas. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 260: 284-298.

Crundwell, M., Scott, G., Naish, T., Carter, L., (2008). Glacial–interglacial ocean climate variability spanning the Mid-Pleistocene transition in the temperate Southwest Pacific, ODP Site 1123. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 260: 202-229.

Hayward, B.W., Scott, G.H., Crundwell, M.P., Kennett, J.P., Carter, L., Neil, H.L., Sabaa, A.T., Wilson, K., Rodger, J.S., Schaefer, G., Grenfell, H.R., Qianyu Li., (2008). The effect of submerged plateaux on Pleistocene gyral circulation and sea-surface temperatures in the Southwest Pacific. Global and Planetary Change 63(4): 309-316.

McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Hall, I., (2008). Glacial-interglacial changes in water masses and flow in the SW Pacific Ocean. Quaternary Science Review 27: 1886-1908.

McKay R., Dunbar G.B., Naish T., Barrett P.J., Carter, L., Harper, M., (2008). Retreat history of the West Antarctic Ice (Sheet) Shelf in Western Ross Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum from deep-basin sediment cores. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 260: 245-261.

Wood, M.P. and Carter, L. (2008). Whale entanglements with submarine telecommunication Cables. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 33(4): 445-450.

2007 and earlier

Alloway, B.V., Lowe, D.J., Newnham, R., Barrell, D., Shulmeister, J., Almond, P., Augustinus, P., Bertler, N., Carter, L., Litchfield, N., McGlone, M.S., Williams, P., Vandergoes, M., NZ-INTIMATE Members, (2007). Towards a climate event stratigraphy for New Zealand over the past 30,000 years. Journal of Quaternary Science 22: 9-35.

Barrett, P., Carter, L., Damiani, D., Dunbar, G., Dunker, E., Giorgetti, G., Harper, M., McKay, R., Niessen, F., Nixdorf, U., Pyne, A., Riesselmann, C., Robinson, N., Hollis, C.S., Strong, P., 2007. Oceanography and sedimentation beneath the McMurdo Ice Shelf in Windless Bight, Antarctica (Wellington, Antarctic Research Centre, School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University, 2007), Antarctic Data Series 25: 90pp. [PDF]

Carter, L., Dunbar, G., McKay, R., Naish, T., 2005, Revised 2007. Sedimentation and oceanography beneath the McMurdo Ice Shelf at Windless Bight , 2006 (Wellington, Antarctic Research Centre, School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University, 2007), Antarctic Data Series 32: 30pp. [PDF]

Dunbar G., Niessen F., Vogel S., Tulaczyk, S., Mandernack K., Krissek L., Carter, L., Cowan E., Wilch T., Peng C., Strong C.P., Scherer R., Sjunneskog C., Winter D., McKay R., Talarico F., Pompilio M., ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, (2007). Late-Pleistocene to Holocene strata from soft-sediment coring at the AND-1B Site, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 141-154.

Gomez, B., Carter, L., Trustrum, N.A., (2007). A 2400 yr record of natural events and anthropogenic impacts in inter-correlated terrestrial and marine sediment cores: Waipaoa sedimentary system, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 119, 1415 - 1432.

Krissek L., Browne G., Carter, L., Cowan E., Dunbar G., McKay R., Naish T., Powell R., Reed J., Wilch T., ANDRILL-MIS Science Team, 2007. Sedimentology and stratigraphy of AND-1B Core, ANDRILL McMurdo Ice Shelf Project, Antarctica. Terra Antartica 14(3): 185-222.

Shapiro, S.A., Marsaglia, K.M., Carter, L., (2007). The petrology and provenance of sand in the Bounty submarine fan, New Zealand, in Sedimentary Provenance and Petrogenesis: Perspectives from Petrography and Geochemistry José Arribas, Salvatore Critelli, and Mark J. Johnsson (Eds.) Geological Society of America Special Paper 420: 277-296.

Carter, L. and Manighetti, B., (2006). Glacial/interglacial control of terrigenous and biogenic fluxes in the deep ocean; off a high input, collisional margin: A 139 kyr-record from New Zealand. Marine Geology 226: 307-322.

Kuehl, S., Alexander, C., Carter, L., et al., (2006). Understanding sediment transfer from land to ocean. EOS Transactions 87: 281-286.

Orpin, A.R., Clark A., Carter, L., Kuehl, S., Walsh, J.P., (2006). Textural and spatial complexity in post-glacial sedimentation on the tectonically active Poverty Bay continental margin of New Zealand. Continental Shelf Research 26: 2205-2224.

Alloway, B.V., Pillans, B.J., Carter, L., Naish, T. Westgate, J.A., (2005). Onshore-offshore correlation of Pleistocene rhyolitic eruptions from New Zealand: Implications for TVZ eruptive history and paleoenvironmental construction. Quaternary Science Reviews 24: 1601-1622.

Carter, L., Alloway, B.V., and Shane P.A., (2004). Deep-ocean records of major rhyolitic eruptions and dispersal from the Coromandel and Taupo Volcanic Zones of New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics (P.F. Ballance volume) 47: 481-500.

Carter, L., Carter, R.M., and McCave, I.N., (2004). Evolution of the sedimentary system beneath the deep Pacific inflow off eastern New Zealand. Marine Geology 205: 9-28.

Carter, R.M., McCave, I.N. and Carter, L., (2004). Fronts, flows, drifts, volcanoes, and the evolution of the southwestern gateway to the Pacific Ocean: A review of Ocean Drilling Program Leg 181, Eastern New Zealand. Scientific Results Volume, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station US.

Ellwood, M.J., Kelly, M., Nodder, S., Carter, L., (2004). Zinc/silicon ratios of sponges: A proxy for carbon flux to the seafloor. Geophysical Research Letters 31: 4pp.

Gomez, B., Carter, L., Trustrum, N.A., Palmer, A.S., Roberts, A.P., (2004). ENSO signal associated with mid-Holocene climate change in inter-correlated terrestrial and marine sediment cores. Geology 32: 653-656.

Lewis, K.B., Lallemand, S.E., and Carter, L., (2004). Collapse in a Quaternary shelf basin off East Cape, New Zealand; evidence for passage of a subducted seamount inboard of the Ruatoria giant avalanche. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 47: 415-429.

McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Carter, R.M., Hayward, B.W., (2004). Cenozoic oceanographic evolution of the SW pacific gateway: Introduction. Marine Geology 205: 1-7.

McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Carter, R.M., and Hayward, B.W.( 2004). Cenozoic oceanographic evolution of the SW pacific gateway. Marine Geology Special Issue, 205, 262pp.

Neil, H., Carter, L., Morris, M., (2004), Thermal isolation of Campbell Plateau, marginal to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current over the past 130 k.y. Paleoceanography 19: PA4008.

Carter, L., Neil, H.L., and Northcote, L., (2003). Late Quaternary incursions of icebergs into the SW Pacific, off eastern New Zealand. Marine Geology 191: 19-35.

Carter, L., Shane, P.A., Alloway, B.A.V., Hall, I.R., Harris, S., (2003). Demise of one volcanic zone and birth of another - a 12 Ma deep ocean record of major rhyolitic eruptions from New Zealand. Geology 31: 493-496.

Elliot, M., Manighetti, B. and Carter, L., (2003). In the beginning – high-resolution evidence from a deep ocean core for early settlement of New Zealand. In Gao, J., Le Heron, R. & Logie, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd Geographical Society Conference, Auckland 6-11 July: 92-96.

Hall, I.R., McCave, I.N., Zahn, R., Carter, L., Knutz, P.C., Weedon, G.P., (2003). Palaeocurrent reconstruction of the deep Pacific inflow during the middle Miocene: Reflections of East Antarctic Ice Sheet growth. Palaeoceanography 18(2): 1-11.

Carter, L., Manighetti, B., Elliot, M., Trustrum, N., Gomez, B., (2002). Source, sea level and circulation effects on the sediment flux to the deep ocean over the past 15 ka off eastern New Zealand. Global and Planetary Change 33: 339-355.

Hall, I.R., Carter, L., and Harris, S., (2002). Major depositional events under the deep Pacific inflow. Geology 30: 487-490.

Carter, L., (2001). A large submarine debris flow in the path of the Pacific deep western boundary current off New Zealand. Geo-Marine Letters 2: 42-50.

Gomez, B., Fulthorpe, C., Carter, L., Berryman, K., Browne, G., Green, M., Hicks, M., Trustrum., N., (2001). Continental margin sedimentation to be studied in New Zealand. EOS Transactions 82: 166-167.

Carter, L., Neil, H.L., and McCave, I.N., (2000). Glacial to interglacial changes in non-carbonate and carbonate accumulation in the SW Pacific Ocean New Zealand. Palaeoclimatology, Palaeogeography, Palaeoecology 162: 333-356.

Carter, L. and the Shipboard Party, (1999). Chapters 3, 8, 9. In Carter, R. M., McCave, I.N., Richter, C., Carter, L. (eds) and the Shipboard Party, Leg 181, Initial Reports of the Ocean Drilling Program.

Carter, L. and Wilkin, J., (1999). Abyssal circulation around New Zealand - a comparison between observations and a global circulation model. Marine Geology 159: 221-239.

Manighetti, B. and Carter, L., (1999). Across-shelf sediment dispersal Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand. Marine Geology 160: 271-231.

Garlick, R.D., Carter, L., and Sutton, P., (1998). Charting the circulation and water masses of New Zealand. Proceedings Canadian Hydrographic Commission Annual Conference, Victoria, April 1998, 12pp.

Weaver, P.P.E., Carter, L., and Neil, H., (1998). Response of surface water masses and circulation to late Quaternary climate change, east of New Zealand. Paleoceanography 13: 70-83.

Carter, L. and McCave, I.N., (1997). The sedimentary regime beneath the Deep Western Boundary Current inflow to the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Journal of Sedimentary Research 67: 1005-1017.

Foster, G. and Carter, L., (1997). Mud sedimentation on the continental shelf at an accretionary margin - Poverty Bay, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 40: 157-173.

McCave, I.N. and Carter, L., (1997). Recent sedimentation beneath the Deep Western Boundary Current off northern New Zealand. Deep-Sea Research 4: 1203-1237.

Weaver, P.P.E., Neil, H., and Carter, L., (1997). Sea surface temperature estimates from the SW Pacific based on planktonic foraminifera and oxygen isotopes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoecology 131: 241-256.

Carter, R.M. and Carter, L., (1996). The abyssal Bounty Fan and lower Bounty Channel: Evolution of a rifted-margin sedimentary system. Marine Geology 130: 181-202.

Carter, R.M., Carter, L., and McCave, I.N., (1996). Current controlled sediment deposition from the shelf to the deep ocean: The Cenozoic evolution of circulation through the SW Pacific gateway. Geologische Rundschau 85: 438-451.

Carter, L., Carter, R.M., McCave, I.N., Gamble, J., (1996). Regional sediment recycling in the abyssal Southwest Pacific Ocean. Geology 24: 735-738.

Carter, L. and Lewis, K., (1995). Variability of the modern sand cover on a tide and storm driven inner shelf, south Wellington, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 38: 451-470.

Carter, L., Nelson, C.S., Neil, H., Froggatt, P., (1995). Offshore occurrences of the Kawakawa and other late Quaternary tephra in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 38: 29-46.

Carter, R.M., Carter, L., and Davy, B., (1994). Seismic stratigraphy of the Bounty Trough, S.W. Pacific Ocean. Marine Petroleum Geology 11: 79-93.

Carter, L. and McCave, I.N., (1994). Development of sediment drifts approaching an active plate margin under the S.W. Pacific deep western boundary current. Paleoceanography 9: 1061-1085.

Lewis, K.B. and Carter, L., (1994). When and how did Cook Strait form? In van der Lingen, C.J., Swanson, K.M., Muir, R.J. (eds.), Evolution of the Tasman Sea Basin. Proceedings of the Tasman Sea Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 27-30 November 1992, 119-137pp.

Lewis, K.B., Carter, L., and Davey, F.J., (1994). The opening of Cook Strait; interglacial tidal scour and aligning basins at a subducting to transform plate edge. Marine Geology 116: 293-312.

Carter, L., (1992). Acoustical characterisation of seafloor sediments and its relationship to active sedimentary processes in Cook Strait, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 35: 289-300.

Carter, L., (1992). Deep-marine environments: Clastic sedimentation and tectonics. Tectonophysics 204: 185-186.

Carter, R.M. and Carter, L., (1992). Seismic imaging of Pleistocene deep-sea cyclothems: Implications for sequence stratigraphy. Terra Nova 4: 682-692.

Fenner, J., Carter, L., and Stewart, R., (1992). Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic and pale-oceanographic change over north Chatham Rise, New Zealand. Marine Geology 108: 383-404.

Carter, L., Wright, I.C., Collins, N., Mitchell, J.S., Win, G., (1991). Seafloor stability along the Cook Strait power cable corridor. Proceedings of the 10th Australasian Conference on "Coastal and Ocean Engineering" 1991: 565-570.

Carter, L., Carter, R.M., and Nelson, C.S., (1990). Lacustrine sediment traps and their effect on continental shelf sedimentation - South Island, New Zealand. Geo-Marine Letters 10: 93-100.

Carter, L., Carter, R.M., Nelson, C.S., Fulthorpe, C.S., Neil, H.L., (1990). Evolution of Pliocene to Recent abyssal sediment waves on Bounty Channel levees, New Zealand. Marine Geology 95: 97-109.

Kennard, L., Schafer, C.T., and Carter, L., (1990). Late Cenozoic evolution of Sackville Spur: A sediment drift on the Newfoundland continental slope. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 27: 863-878.

Wright, I.C., Carter, L., and Lewis, K.B., (1990). GLORIA survey of the oceanic-continental transition of the Havre-Taupo back-arc basin. Geo-Marine Letters 10: 59-67.

Carter, L., (1989). New occurrences of manganese nodules in the South-western Pacific Basin, east of New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 23: 247-253.

Carter, L. and Carter, R.M., (1989). Late Quaternary development of left bank levees in the Bounty Trough, New Zealand. Marine Geology 78: 185-197.

Proctor, R. and Carter, L., (1989). Tidal and sedimentary response to the late Quaternary closure and opening of Cook Strait, New Zealand - Results from numerical modelling. Paleoceanography 4: 167-180.

Carter, L., Lewis, K.B., and Davy, F., (1988). Faults in Cook Strait and their bearing on the structure of central New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 31: 431-446.

Carter, L., (1987). Geological hazards and their impact on submarine structures in Cook Strait, New Zealand. Proceedings of the 8th Australasian Conference on Coastal and Ocean Engineering 1987. Launceston, 30 Nov-4 Dec, 1987: 410-414.

Carter, L., (1987). The Offshore Islands of Northern New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 21: 359.

Carter, R.M. and Carter, L., (1987). The Bounty Channel System: A 55-million-year-old sediment conduit to the deep sea, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Geo-Marine Letters 7: 183-190.

Carter, L. and Mitchell, J.S., (1987). Late Quaternary sediment pathways through the deep ocean, east of New Zealand. Paleoceanography 2: 409-422.

Carter, L., (1986). A budget for modern-Holocene sediment on the South Otago continental shelf, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 20: 665-676.

Carter, L. and Carter, R.M., (1986). Holocene evolution of the nearshore sand wedge, south Otago continental shelf, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 29: 413-424.

Carter, R.M., Carter, L., and Johnson, D., (1986). Submerged shorelines in the SW Pacific: Evidence for an episodic post-glacial transgression. Sedimentology 33: 629-649.

Carter, L. and Carter, R.M., (1985). Current modification of a mass failure deposit on the continental shelf, North Canterbury, New Zealand. Marine Geology 62: 193-211.

Carter, R.M., Carter, L., Williams, J.J., Landis, C.A., (1985). Modern and relict sedimentation on the South Otago continental shelf, New Zealand. Memoir. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute 93: 43 pp.

Carter, L. and Mitchell, J.S., (1985). Stability of an artificially nourished beach, Balaena Bay, Wellington Harbour, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 19: 535-552.

Froggatt, P.C., Nelson, C.S., Carter, L., Griggs, G.B., Black, K.P., (1985). An exceptionally large late Quaternary eruption from New Zealand. Nature (London) 319: 578-582.

Carter, R.M. and Carter, L., (1984). The Motunau Fault revisited. Tectonophysics 11: 164-166.

Carter, L. and Schafer, C.T. (1983). Interaction of the Western Boundary Undercurrent with the continental margin off Newfoundland. Sedimentology 30: 751-768.

Schafer, C.T., Cole, F.E., and Carter, L., (1983). Paraecology of some arenaceous Foraminifera genera and species associations off northeast Newfoundland. In Verdenius, J.G. et al. (eds), Proceedings of the First Workshop on Arenaceous Foraminifera, 7-9 September 1981, Trondheim, Norway. Institut for kontinentalsokkelundersokelser Publication 108: 133-145.

Carter, R.M. and Carter, L., (1982). The Motunau Fault and other structures at the southern edge of the Australian-Pacific plate boundary, offshore Marlborough, New Zealand. Tectonophysics 88: 133-159.

Carter, L., Carter, R.M., and Griggs, G.B., (1982). Sedimentation in the Conway Trough, a deep near-shore marine basin at the junction of the Alpine transform and Hikurangi subduction plate boundary, New Zealand. Sedimentology 29: 475-497.

Griggs, G.B., Carter, L., Kennett, J.P., Carter, R.M., (1982). Late Quaternary marine stratigraphy southeast of New Zealand. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 94: 791-797.

Carter, L., Mitchell, J.S., and Day, N.J., (1981). Suspended sediment beneath permanent and seasonal ice, Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 24: 249-262.

Carter, L., Pickrill, R.A., and Irwin, J., (1981). Seabed investigations, Port Taranaki. NZOI Oceanographic Field Report Series 16: 10 pp.

Lewis, K.B., Pickrill, R.A., and Carter, L., (1981). The sand budget of Oriental Bay, Wellington. NZOI Oceanographic Field Report Series 17: 27 p.

Schafer, C.T., Cole, F.E., and Carter, L., (1981). Bathyal zone benthic foraminiferal genera off northeast Newfoundland. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 11: 296-313.

Carter, L., (1980). The seafloor along selected routes between Australia, New Zealand and Hawaii. NZOI Oceanographic Summary 16: 21 pp.

Carter, L., (1980). Ironsand in continental shelf sediments off western New Zealand - a synopsis. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 23: 455-468.

Carter, L., (1979). Significance of unstained and stained gravel on the Newfoundland continental slope and rise. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 49: 1147-1157.

Carter, L. and Herzer, R.H., (1979). Hydraulic regime and its ability to transport sediment on the Canterbury continental shelf. Memoir. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute 83: 33 pp.

Carter, L., Schafer, C.T., and Rashid, M.A., (1979). Observations on depositional environments and benthos of the continental slope and rise, east of Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 16: 831-846.

Carter, L., (1977). Sand transport, Wellington Harbour entrance, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 20: 335-351.

Carter, L., (1976). Seston transport and deposition in Pelorus Sound, South Island, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 10: 263-282.

Carter, L., Heath, R.A., Hunt, B.J., Barnes, E.J., (1976). Instrument package to monitor sediment-water interaction on the continental shelf. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 19: 503-511.

Carter, L. and Lewis, K.B., (1976). Subsurface structure and its influence on nearshore sedimentation off southern Hawkes Bay. NZOI Records 3(5): 33-40.

Heath, R.A., Carter, L., Barnes, E.J., Hunt, B.J., (1976). An instrument for remote monitoring of sediment movement and associated hydraulic conditions on the continental shelf. NZ Engineering 31: 242-243.

Lewis, K.B. and Carter, L., (1976). Depths, sediments and faulting on each side of the Rongotai Isthmus, Wellington. NZOI Oceanographic Summary 11: 31 pp.

Carter, L., (1975). Sedimentation on the continental terrace around New Zealand: A review. Marine Geology 19: 209-237.

Carter, L. and Heath, R.A., (1975). Role of mean circulation, tides and waves in the transport of bottom sediment on the New Zealand continental shelf. N.Z. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 9: 423-428.

Eade, J.V. and Carter, L., (1975). Definitions and code of nomenclature for the naming of morphological features on the New Zealand seafloor. NZOI Records 2(11): 129-140.

Carter, L., (1974). An evaluation of the provenance of terrigenous sediments from offshore Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 11: 664-677.

Carter, L. and Hunt, B.J., (1974). An electro-osmotic core cutter. Miscellaneous Publication. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute 57: 8 pp.

Carter, L. and Ridgway, N.M., (1974). Hydrology and marine sedimentation off the Clutha River. NZOI Oceanographic Summary 2: 8 pp.

Carter, L., (1973). Surficial sediments of Barkley Sound and the adjacent continental shelf, west coast, Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Earth Science 10: 441-489.

Carter, L., (1971). Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Waitemata Group, Puketotara Peninsula, Northland, New Zealand. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 14: 169-191.

Carter, L., (1969). The Mahurangi Limestone from Puketotara Peninsula, Northland. N.Z. Journal of Geology and Geophysics 12: 104-118.

Books and special volumes

Stewart, T., Stagpoole, V., Wood, R., and Carter, L., (2016). Ploughmarks and pits on the Chatham Rise - a record of deep-keeled Antarctic icebergs at 43o20'. In Dowdeswell, J.A., Canals, M., Jakobsson, M., Todd, B.J., Dowdeswell, E.K., Hogan, K.A. (Eds), Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms: Modern, Quaternary and Ancient.  http://www.submarineglacialatlas.com/contributions/accepted/

Carter, L. and Burnett, D.B., (2015). Chapter 23, Subsea Telecommunications. In Smith, H.D., Suárez de Vivero, J.L., and Agardy, T.S. (Eds), Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management. Oxford: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-203-11539-8 

Carter, L., (2014). Chapter 10, Submarine Cables and Natural Hazards. In Burnett, D.R., Beckman, R .C. and Davenport, T.M. (Eds.), Submarine Cables: The Handbook of Law and Policy (pp. 237 - 254). Leiden, the Netherlands: Martinus Nijhof Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-26032-0

Carter, L., Burnett, D, Davenport, T., (2014). Chapter 7, The Relationship between Submarine Cables and the Marine Environment. In Burnett, D.R., Beckman, R .C. and Davenport, T.M. (Eds.), Submarine Cables: The Handbook of Law and Policy (pp. 179-212). Leiden, the Netherlands: Martinus Nijhof Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-26032-0

Carter, L. and Soons, A.H.A., (2014). Chapter 14, Marine Scientific Research Cables. In Burnett, D.R., Beckman, R .C. and Davenport, T.M. (Eds.), Submarine Cables: The Handbook of Law and Policy (pp. 323 - 338). Leiden, the Netherlands: Martinus Nijhof Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-26032-0

Montgomery, J., and Carter, L. (2011). Chapter 3, Key challenges and developments: Science, economic uses and law - Marine Science in the past 25 years: Main findings and trends. In D. Vidas and P.J. Schei, (Eds.), The World Ocean in Globalization (pp. 37-52). Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill.

Carter, L., Burnett, D., Drew, S., Hagadorn, L., Marle, G., Bartlett-McNeil, D., Irvine, N., (2009). Submarine Cables and the Oceans - connecting the world. UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series 31. ICPC/UNEP/UNEP-WCMC, 64pp. ISBN 978-0-9563387-2-3.

Carter, L., McCave, I.N., Williams, M., (2009). Circulation and water masses of the Southern Ocean: A review. In Florindo, F. and Siegert, M. (Eds.), Antarctic Climate Evolution, Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences 8 (pp. 85114). The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Naish, T., Carter, L., Wolff, E., Pollard, D., Powell, R., (2009). Late Pliocene-Pleistocene Antarctic climate variability at orbital and suborbital scale: Ice sheet, ocean and atmospheric interactions. In Florindo, F. and Siegert, M. (Eds.), Antarctic Climate Evolution, Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences 8 (pp. 465-527). The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Carter, L., (2008). Water World. In Graham, I.J. (Ed.), A continent on the Move: New Zealand Geoscience at the dawn of the 21st Century (pp. 207-211). Geological Society New Zealand and GNS Science.

Carter, L., (2008). Ocean Crossroads. In Graham, I.J. (Ed.), A continent on the Move: New Zealand Geoscience at the dawn of the 21st Century (pp. 212-213). Geological Society New Zealand and GNS Science.

Carter, L., (2008). The Great Recycler. In Graham, I.J. (Ed.), A continent on the Move: New Zealand Geoscience at the dawn of the 21st Century (pp. 216-217). Geological Society New Zealand and GNS Science.

McCave, I.N., Carter, L., Carter, R.M., Hayward, B.W., (Eds.), (2004). Cenozoic Oceanographic Evolution of the SW Pacific Gateway. Marine Geology Special Issue, 205.

Carter, L. and Carter, R. M., (2004). Beneath the Seas - the Otago-Southland continental margin. Iin Darby, J., Fordyce, E.A., Mark, A., Probert, K., Townsend, C (Eds.), The Natural History of Southern New Zealand (pp. 314-317). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Carter, L. and Saunders, H., (2004). Rocky Reefs. In Andrew, N. and Francis, M. (Eds.), The Living Reef. Craig Potton Publishers, Nelson: (pp. 18-24).

Carter, L. and McCave, I.N., (2002). Case Studies 101-103, Eastern New Zealand Drifts: Miocene to Recent. In Stow, D. A. V., Pudsey, C.J., Howe, J., Faugeres, J-C., Viana, A.R. (Eds.), Deep-Water Contourites: Modern Drifts and Ancient Series, Seismic and Sedimentary Characteristics. Geological Society Memoir 22: 472 pp.

Stickley, C.E., Carter, L., McCave, I.N., Weaver, P.P.E., (2001). Variations in LCPDW flow through the SW Pacific Gateway for the last 90 ky: evidence from Antarctic diatoms. In Seidov, D., Maslin, M., Haupt, B. (Eds.), Ocean Past and Present, North South Connections. American Geophysical Monograph 126: 101-116.

Carter, R.M., McCave, I.N., Richter, C., Carter, L. and the Shipboard Party, (1999). Leg 181 Initial Reports of the Ocean Drilling Program. College Station, Texas (CD-ROM and http:\\www.odp.tamu.edu/publications/181IR).

Carter, L. and Carter, R.M., (1993). Sedimentary evolution of the Bounty Trough: A Cretaceous rift basin, Southwestern Pacific Ocean. In Balance, P.F. (Ed.), Sedimentary Basins of the World (pp. 52-67). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Charts

Orpin, A., Carter, L., Goh, A., Mackay, E., Palletin, A., Verder, A-L., Shiswell, S., Sutton, P., (2008). New Zealand's diverse seafloor sediments. NIWA Chart Miscellaneous Series 86.

Garlick, R., Carter, L., Mitchell, J.S., Mackay, E., (2004). Discovering New Zealand's Ocean Floor; 130 years of charting progress. NIWA Chart Miscellaneous Series 80.

Carter, L., Garlick, R. D., Sutton, P., et al., (1998). Ocean Circulation New Zealand. NIWA Chart Miscellaneous Series 76.

CANZ Group (Carter, L., Cook, J.D., Foster, G.A., Garlick, R.D., Lichfield, N.J., Mitchell, J.S., Wright, I.C.), (1997). New Zealand region bathymetry (3rd edition), 1:4,000,000. NIWA Chart, Miscellaneous Series 73.

CANZ Group (Carter, L., Cook, J.D., Foster, G.A., Garlick, R.D., Lichfield, N.J., Mitchell, J.S., Wright, I.C.), (1996). Undersea New Zealand. New Zealand region physiography, 1:4,000,000. NIWA Chart Miscellaneous Series 74.

Carter, L., (1995). Lachlan bathymetry. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Oceanic Series 1:1,000,000.

Mitchell, J.S., Carter, L., and McDougall, J.C., (1989). New Zealand region sediments, 1:6,000,000. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Miscellaneous Series 67.

Carter, L. and Herzer, R.H., (1986). Pegasus sediments (2nd edition). N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Carter, L., (1985). Otago bathymetry (2nd edition). N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Herzer, R.H. and Carter, L., (1983). Pegasus bathymetry (2nd edition). N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Carter, L. and Carter, R.M., (1981). Oamaru bathymetry. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Carter, L., (1980). Jackson bathymetry. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Carter, L. (1980). New Zealand region bathymetry 1:6,000,000 (2nd edition). N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Miscellaneous Series 15.

Carter, L. and Eade, J.V., (1980). Hauraki sediments. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Doyle, A.C., Carter, L., Glasby, G.P., Lewis, K.B., (1979). Bay of Plenty sediments. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.

Carter, L. and Eade, J.V., (1979). New Zealand region physiography 1:4,000,000. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Miscellaneous Series 51.

Carter, L., (1976). Cuvier bathymetry. N.Z. Oceanographic Institute Chart, Coastal Series 1:200,000.