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Genetics and Molecular Biology

What is Genetics and Molecular Biology?

Genetics is the science of heredity. By understanding the mechanisms which govern the way genetic information is received and expressed by individual organisms during their life and also how it is passed onto succeeding generations, scientists are increasingly able to understand the biochemical processes of all living things.

Molecular Biology encompasses the molecular aspects of biochemistry, genetics and cell biology. It seeks to explain the relationships between the structure and function of biological molecules and how these relationships contribute to the operation and control of the biochemical process.

What do you need to become a Geneticist or a Molecular Biologist?

It is important to:

  • Take, and enjoy, biology, chemistry and maths at school
  • Talk to course supervisors when choosing papers at university
  • Keep 'tune in' to current research that interests you
  • Review your goals at each new phase of study

Where do Geneticists and Molecular Biologists Work?

  • Research Organisations
  • Crown Research Institutes
  • Specialised Research Organisations
  • Private research organisations
  • Hospitals
  • Government agencies
  • Patent attorneys
  • Analytical Laboratories
  • Genetic counsellors
  • Forensic science
  • Consultancy services in various biotechnology organisations
  • Sales and marketing positions with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies


    Further information about Genetics & Molecular Biology can be found in the Genetics & Molecular Biology Career View (970KB PDF).