On this page:
- Accolades for PhD thesis
- SACL student gets scholarship to study intellectual property in China
- BCom accounting student 'five cows' richer after competition success
- An internship in Colombia for BCom graduate
- SACL student gets Pacific Scholarship Top Achiever Award
- Future business leaders celebrated at VBS Excellence Awards
- Economic models: toyshop or practical workshop?
- Accounting students recruited to represent CA ANZ on campus
- Summer scholars win Summer Gold
- Accounting student featured online as a 'Future Leader'
- Top SACL students celebrated
- Discovering why New Zealand entities need to adopt integrated reporting
- “Copyright, Libraries, New Zealand, and the World” - an APCA Seminar
- Victoria innovation showcased to world’s business schools
- Reshaping accounting systems for women’s empowerment
2 August 2016
School of Accounting and Commercial Law lecturer Dr Farzana Tanima has recently received accolades for her PhD thesis on "Microfinance and women’s empowerment in Bangladesh: A study of competing logics and their implications for accounting and accountability systems".
Her first award was the "Best PhD Thesis completed in 2015", given by the Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand at their recent Conference held in the Gold Coast, Queensland from 3-5 July.
Dr Tanima was also announced as the winner of the APIRA Broadbent and Laughlin Emerging Scholar Award at the conference's main dinner, held in Melbourne during July.
These awards recognise the high quality of Dr Tanima's research, and the thesis topic is one she has a personal interest in. Her research focuses on economic growth and socio-political issues in her home country Bangladesh, where there is widespread poverty and few education opportunities, particularly for rural women.
"I wanted to undertake research where I could reflect on how the disadvantaged social position of Bangladeshi women could be transformed by accounting and accountability systems such as financial reports," says Dr Tanima.
Earlier this year Dr Tanima was also the recipient of a Dean's Award for Doctoral Achievement.
"Judy and Trevor have given me the best possible guidance. They have greatly influenced, encouraged and empowered me to pursue the issues pertinent to this research. I am very grateful for their unrelenting support."
11 July 2016
A scholarship to attend the International Summer School of Intellectual Property in Xiamen University during July will be an exciting opportunity for School of Accounting and Commercial Law PhD candidate Vladimir Samoylov.
Vlad is undertaking a comparative study of industrial design law in New Zealand and China with a view to providing a roadmap for New Zealand designers and design-based businesses.
"Being accepted for the International Summer School is a great privilege and honour for me," says Vlad.
"The opportunity for me to learn from leading professors at one of China's most respected and prestigious Law Schools is very exciting. It is also a great opportunity to not only learn about, but also experience Chinese culture first hand."
At the 2015 Asian Pacific Copyright Association conference, Vlad had the opportunity to meet top copyright researchers from around the world.
Attending the Xiamen summer school will give Vlad the opportunity to catch up with Texas-based Professor Peter Yu, one of the world’s leading experts on Chinese intellectual property law. Professor Yu has already provided advice to Vlad on his research, and the summer school will be invaluable for making further contacts in China.
"I am enjoying the research and writing process, plus all the additional opportunities I have been given – from tutoring to attending conferences, to now getting to visit China – it is far more than I could have ever expected."
22 June 2016
Second-year accounting and finance student Rebecca Matthews is five milking cows richer after winning AccountingPod’s nationwide 'Compete for Cash Cow' competition.
Three hundred accounting students from universities all over the country took part in the competition that saw students running a virtual dairy farm for twenty-two days.
The prize money, around $10,000, will be paid out monthly to Rebecca based on the cost of the gross milk income of five dairy cows for the 2016-17 milking season.
Rebecca is "absolutely thrilled" to win the competition.
"We had to complete six challenges on AccountingPod’s online learning portal that simulated running a dairy farm on a day-to-day basis. They started off easy and got progressively harder."
The three finalists then had 24 hours to create a concept that added value to milk. Rebecca's concept was infusing milk with ingredients such as honey and spices to boost the health benefits of milk.
Rebecca says the competition gave her the opportunity to put skills she has learned at Victoria into practice.
"A lot of what we were doing related back to my courses, especially in tax and financial accounting. I also gained insight about the industry, the New Zealand economy, and gained experience using Xero accounting software," she says.
Competition organiser, AccountingPod director Judith Cambridge, says the competition aimed to expose students to digital business tools and learn about the New Zealand business environment.
14 June 2016
The chance to practice accounting in an emerging market overseas is an opportunity too good to turn down for Victoria Business School alumna Gracie Miles.
Gracie graduated in 2013 with a Bachelor of Commerce majoring in Accounting, Commercial Law, and International Business, and is headed to Medellin in Colombia to complete an internship in the field of management accounting.
"After recently receiving the details of my role, I’ve realised how lucky I am – it's exactly what I see myself doing in the future."
Although she studied Spanish briefly at high school, it wasn't until Gracie was required to take a language paper as part of her International Business course that she realised how passionate she was about the language.
"I would really love to be fluent in Spanish and that's part of my motivation to go to South America – to really practice the language and get amongst the culture.
Gracie credits studying Accounting and International Business at Victoria with her success so far in her career.
"If I had never done International Business, I probably wouldn't be where I am now and heading to Colombia.
"The combination of International Business with my Accounting background has made me stand out and has given me confidence."
It was a friend, who is also a Victoria graduate, who recommended Gracie look at The Intern Group programme. "I went home, got click happy and applied."
Gracie is now looking for help to cover the costs of the six week internship, but says that regardless of what happens and how much she raises, she’ll be heading off.
"Not going is not an option – I know how beneficial this is going to be for my career and what it's going to do for my future.
"Spanish is now the second most widely spoken language in the world and Latin America is a major focus from New Zealand. This role and the experience I’m going to gain is going to open a lot of doors.
"When I return to New Zealand, I hope to be able to share what I learn while in Medellin."
Gracie plans on returning to New Zealand after her internship and complete her studies towards becoming a chartered accountant, and has set up a Givealittle page to help cover the costs of her six week internship.
2 June 2016
There were tears of pride in the audience when SACL student Sina Ah Sam received her New Zealand Pacific Scholarship Top Achiever Award at a special ceremony.
The second-year commerce student received the award in front of Samoan High Commissioner Leasi Papali'i Tommy Scanlan, as well as a crowd of friends, University staff and representatives from award sponsors, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Sina received the award for outstanding academic results in her first year in the New Zealand Pacific Scholarship, run by the New Zealand Aid Programme at Victoria.
Sina is studying Accounting and Commercial Law and Taxation. In addition, she is this year a mentor for first-year commerce students for the Māori and Pasifika mentoring programme, Te Pūtahi Atawhai. Sina is also a member of the Samoan Students’ Association and Victoria Plus.
She also recieved a special award at the recent Victoria Business School Excellence Awards, the Adrian Wimmers Prize for the top first year Commerce student.
In her speech, Sina encouraged her fellow Pasifika students to make the most of opportunities studying at Victoria.
"When we come here to study, we not only represent ourselves and our families, we are representing a nation that is hopeful of us and is awaiting our return so we can use the knowledge we gain to make a difference back home and contribute to its development."
Helena Cook and Julia McEnteer from Victoria's New Zealand Aid Scholarships team presented Sina with a pounamu necklace as a taonga to recognise her success.
Dr Cook says she remembered Sina from the moment she stepped off the plane in Wellington from Samoa last year.
"She was very shy and quiet, but has blossomed into someone who’s confident and doing such an amazing job. I’ve been really impressed with her heart, the way she’s endlessly upbeat and acing her classes."
Assistant Vice-Chancellor (Pasifika) Associate Professor Hon. Luamanuvao Winnie Laban praised Sina's perseverance and passion that has seen her achieve top grades, and her generosity in finding time to help other students as a mentor.
"Sina studies hard and aims high, and that’s going to provide wonderful opportunities in the future when she starts her career. Sina is a great role model for our Pasifika students as she personally demonstrates the importance of academic achievement."
2 June 2016
Victoria Business School’s highest achievers, including School of Accounting and Commercial Law students, were celebrated at the Business School’s fourth annual Excellence Awards in May.
The awards recognise Victoria Business School's top graduating students across each of its disciplines, as well as its best PhD and Master’s students. A number of special awards were also presented including the Victoria Business School and AVC (Pasifika) Scholarships.
Pro Vice-Chancellor and Dean of Commerce Professor Bob Buckle says it was great to acknowledge the successes of Victoria Business School’s best and brightest ahead of graduation.
"These awards acknowledge the years of hard work and commitment our students have dedicated to their education and to being the very best they can be. This is a great achievement."
Guest speaker, Victoria Business School alumnus and Faculty Advisory Board Member Vanisa Dhiru, told the audience she was humbled to be in the company of such great achievers, and to never be disheartened when things don't go to plan.
"It's the people behind you—your family, whanau, community—who will help push you past those boundaries to follow your dreams."
Professor Buckle expressed his gratitude to sponsors who had partnered with Victoria Business School to provide named prizes.
"We are proud of the strong working relationships we enjoy with leading New Zealand businesses and government agencies.
"Their involvement in these awards not only demonstrates their ongoing support for Victoria Business School, but for the future leaders who received the awards."
Listed below are the names of those students involved with the School of Accounting and Commercial Law.
Victoria Business School Award winners
DEAN’S AWARDS FOR DOCTORAL ACHIEVEMENT
- Dr Mary Ashby — Management
- Dr Edgar Pacheco Benavente — Information Systems
- Dr Argelia Larroa — Management
- Dr Judith Lawrence — Public Policy
- Dr Matthew Lewellen — Information Systems
- Dr Germana Nicklin — Public Policy
- Dr Mele Paea — Management
- Dr Farzana Tanima — Accounting
ACCOUNTING, TAXATION AND COMMERCIAL LAW
- Siobhan Bassett — Greenwood Roche Award for Commercial Law / Excellence Award for Accounting
- Liam Beattie — KMPG Award for Accounting / Excellence Award for Commercial Law
- Kelly David — Excellence Award for Taxation
- Rebecca D’Souza — Excellence Award for Accounting
- Derek Snow — Excellence Award for Accounting
- Alex Tunstall — CPA Award for Accounting / Excellence Award for Commercial Law
- James Van Dissen — CPA Award for Accounting
- Caroline Young — KMPG Award for Taxation / Excellence Award for Accounting / Excellence Award for Commercial Law
- Pouaka Parore — ISACA PRIZE FOR TOP STUDENT INFO 301
- Selbi Soylemezoglu — ISACA PRIZE FOR BEST RESEARCH PROJECT INFO 301
- Herewini Ammunson — VBS & AVC (PASIFIKA) SCHOLARSHIPS
- Justyce Loau — VBS & AVC (PASIFIKA) SCHOLARSHIPS
- Sina Ah Sam — ADRIAN WIMMERS PRIZE FOR TOP PASIFIKA STUDENT YEAR 1 COMMERCE
Sponsors for the Excellence Awards
Victoria Business School is grateful to all the organisations who have generously sponsored prizes for the Excellence Awards that celebrate our highest achieving undergraduate students.
6 May 2016
Professor of Public Economics and Taxation John Creedy will draw on over 40 years of research and experience for his inaugural lecture to provide insight into how economic modelling has helped shape tax and welfare policies.
Renowned internationally for his work in labour economics, public economics and the history of economic thought, Professor Creedy has promised a "non-technical talk" where he explains how models have contributed to policy analysis specifically in tax and welfare.
'Economic models: Toyshop or practical workshop?' will address a common misconception that economic models are too abstract and bear little relevance to real problems and issues.
For example, tax, he says, matters to everyone.
"Tax changes inevitably involve winners and losers. So it’s important to have as detailed a picture as possible of the tax structure and how it can affect things like income distribution and labour supply."
Professor Creedy has been at the School of Accounting and Commercial Law since 2011, and shares his time between Victoria University and New Zealand Treasury, where he is a principal advisor in the Tax Strategy section.
Since graduating from University of Bristol and then University of Oxford in the United Kingdom (UK), Professor Creedy has been a professor at a number of universities including Durham University in the UK, Pennsylvania State University in the United States, and most recently University of Melbourne where he was the Truby Williams Professor of Economics.
Victoria University’s Vice-Chancellor Professor Grant Guilford says Professor Creedy's wealth of experience and knowledge is an asset to the university.
"As well as extensive experience in the academic world, Professor Creedy’s skills have proven hugely valuable to the public sector, particularly in his current position at Treasury and through his links with government departments in the UK and Australia," Professor Guilford says.
"His output of research is phenomenal, with thirty-six books, fifty-eight book chapters and about 275 journal articles bearing his name.
"His published material is indicative not only of the breadth of his knowledge, but also demonstrates the many ways his expertise can provide insight into some of the big social issues of our time such as pensions, welfare changes and social inequality.
"It is a privilege to count Professor Creedy as a member of the Victoria community."
- What: Inaugural lecture by Professor John Creedy – Economic models: Toyshop or practical workshop?
- When: 6pm, Tuesday 10 May
- Where: Old Government Building, Lecture Theatre 1 (GBLT1), Lambton Quay
- RSVP: email@example.com with 'Creedy' in the subject line, or call 04-463 6700.
10 May 2016
Victoria Business School students have been recruited by Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand to be their representatives on campus during 2016.
These BCom students, all majoring in accounting, will be working with students, educators, and employers to promote the profession and the benefits that a career in business and commerce can provide.
Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand is the trans-Tasman professional body for chartered accountants and represents more than 100,000 current and future professionals and business leaders operating throughout the world.
Students are welcome to find out more at the CA ANZ drop-in sessions, held regularly on Thursdays during term time.
- Where: Rutherford House, Room RH G16 (behind the Information Counter on the Ground floor)
- Time: 11.30am-12.30pm
15 April 2016
Congratulations to David Cheng and Charlotte Langman, two of our Summer Scholars who won prizes this week for their posters in the Summer Gold Competition.
David Cheng: Economic Effect of Cartels
David Cheng won best poster prize in the Accounting and Commercial Law / Information Management academic group for his research on the "Economic effect of cartels".
Hosted (and partly funded by) the Commerce Commission, David's literature review focused on cartel overcharging, length of collusion and prevalence.
David's research was particularly pertinent to his double major in Economics and Law, and has made this trimester’s course in Competition Law even more relevant.
He has also enjoyed the opportunity to be part of a busy and productive organisation.
Charlotte Langman: Understanding Paramedic Staff Requirements
Charlotte Langman won a prize for Most Engaging Demonstration of Research with her poster on "Understanding paramedic staff requirements – a project with Wellington Free Ambulance (WFA)".
WFA hosted and partly funded Charlotte, who found learning more about our local ambulance service very valuable.
As an Honours student in Information Systems, Charlotte extended her skills to establish WFA's needs in understanding the costs and flows of paramedics.
From this, key principles were distilled to help WFA to develop software to better capture and report these costs and flows.
Charlotte was impressed by the complexity of WFA and its service delivery, enjoyed being part of an invigorating not-for-profit business, and is inspired to engage further with the community.
She was supervised by Sarah Lewis at WFA and Carolyn Cordery in the School of Accounting and Commercial Law.
15 April 2016
Carlo Lim, a Bachelor of Commerce student majoring in Accounting and Information Systems at Victoria Business School, has featured in a recent online column profiling 'Future Leaders'.
The Naked CEO website selects students they regard as rising stars studying at universities internationally, and asks them what their hopes and career dreams are.
Carlo's goals include becoming a CEO of a large and well-respected organisation, which upholds its integrity to benefit not only the company itself but also society, and become a positive example for people doing business worldwide.
"Of course, I know I do not have to be a CEO of a large company to start being a positive role model, I try to leave a positive mark on people who I meet," he says.
To this end Carlo has looked for volunteering opportunities, both within Victoria University and in the wider community.
One of his first involvements was with CPA Australia, initially as a Student Ambassador.
"On my second year, I wanted to pass on my knowledge and experience to the new students, so I became a Campus Coach, Class Representative, and I'm planning on becoming a tutor for the upcoming year."
Outside of the university, Carlo decided to concentrate on roles that would give him the most relevant experience for his Commerce degree.
"I chose to become a Budget Adviser, which has not only taught me how to enable clients to become financially independent, it has given me experience in dealing with finance agencies such as banks and creditors on behalf of clients."
Carlo credits his parents' influence with the initial choice to study for an Accounting degree, and says his interest in Information Systems grew as he became more aware of the increasing technological advancements that are used in major aspects of business.
"I also believe that having a major in both would give me an excellent foundation in doing business in the unpredictable workplace."
12 April 2016
Top students in the School of Accounting and Commercial Law were recently honoured at the School's annual achievements ceremony.
Awards were presented for excellence in Accounting, Commercial Law, and Taxation, along with a number of students also commemorated for prizes they had won in some of the School's sponsored courses.
The ceremony was held in the Hunter Council Chamber in the presence of family and friends of the award-winning students, SACL staff members, representatives from the sponsoring firms and organisations, and friends of SACL.
Keynote speaker Garth Ireland congratulated the award-winners and encouraged them to appreciate the high quality of the courses they were studying.
Garth is chair of the SACL and CAGTR Advisory Board, a director of financial advisory firm Ireland, Wallace & Associates Limited, and is an alumnus of the Victoria Business School.
Full list of award winners
- Siobhan Rachael Bassett - KPMG Prize in Advanced Financial Accounting
- Sarah Boyle - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Prize for Law of Organisations
- Sarah Ashleigh Burr – KPMG Prize in Auditing
- Rebecca Kate Clarke - Deloitte Prize for Advanced Taxation
- Bianca Heffernan* - KPMG Prize in Taxation
- Mohamed Akmal Idris* - CPA Australia Prize in Accounting
- Michelle Kai Lu - KPMG Prize in Advanced Domestic Taxation
- Olayinka Moses - RW Steele Scholarship in Accounting
- Muhammad Firdaus Muhammad Nadzri - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Prize for Accounting
- Callum Oliver* - Auditor-General's Prize for Government Accounting & Finance
- Daniel O'Sullivan - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Prize for Introduction to Accounting Information Systems
- Shane Philipsen - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand Prize for Advanced Management Accounting
- Vladimir Samoylov - RW Steele Scholarship in Accounting
- Jonty Sanders - Internet NZ Prize
- Muhammad Faris Zulkifle - KPMG Prize in Financial Accounting
Certificate of Excellence in Accounting
Callum Brazier - Rebecca D'Souza - Aimee Edwards - Ramachandran Gnanasekaran - Henry Graham* - Zoe Hawthorne - Courtney Hook - Georgia Ingham - Millicent Jackson - Chun Kwan* - Cameron Martin - Greer Mullin - Roshan Patel - Daniel Phillips - Scott Riordan - Siti Samsul - Alison Snellen* - Muhammad Faris Zulkifle
Certificate of Excellence in Commercial Law
Shaun Bradley - Ruby Campbell - Anneka Herdson* - Phoebe Ikin - Natasha Ingram - Ashleigh Parker – April Richardson - William Townsend - Lauren Walker
Certificate of Excellence in Taxation
Michael Chatterley - Ashleigh Dale - Kelly David* - Blake Hawes* - Mohamed Akmal Idris* - Rosemary Murphy - Alice Niland-Williment* - Chelsea Spencer - Harry Tothill*
Certificate of Excellence in Two Disciplines
Accounting and Taxation - Georgia Allen
Accounting and Commercial Law - Sarah Boyle
* in absentia
12 April 2016
Presentations from a panel of integrated reporting experts featured at a recent Business Links Seminar organised by the Centre for Accounting, Governance and Taxation Research.
The panel discussed the importance of New Zealand adopting integrated reporting, a process that captures how an organisation’s strategy, governance, performance and prospects lead to the creation of value over time.
The seminar attracted nearly 100 attendees from academia and the public and private sectors. As well as the benefits of integrated reporting, discussion covered integrated reporting's domestic and international progress and the actions needed to make it more "top of mind" for decision-makers.
International Integrated Reporting Council chief executive officer Paul Druckman gave the keynote address, which was followed by presentations by Jane Diplock, deputy chairman and lead independent director of the IIRC Board; Warren Allen, chief executive of the External Reporting Board; Ann Webster, assistant auditor-general; and Mark Hucklesby, technical director at Grant Thornton.
The same seminar was also delivered at University of Auckland Business School, jointly organised with Auckland's Department of Accounting and Finance.
6 April 2016
While copyright law in New Zealand has been in the spotlight recently as a result of Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, for many years agreements administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) have in fact had greatest influence.
WIPO commissioned Professor Kenneth D. Crews, a renowned attorney, author, professor and international copyright consultant, to undertake worldwide studies of copyright exceptions for libraries and archives.
Professor Crews, whose research, policymaking, and teaching over the past 20 years have centred on copyright issues of importance to education and research, presented some of his findings in a seminar at Victoria Business School during March.
Hosted by the Asian Pacific Copyright Association (APCA) and the New Zealand Centre for International Economic Law (NZCIEL), Professor Crews reflected on the law of New Zealand and other countries in the region during his presentation "Copyright, Libraries, New Zealand and the World".
The event was well attended by representatives from both the public and private sectors, libraries, and academia.
APCA general secretary Associate Professor Susan Corbett, who introduced Professor Crews, mentioned the crucial importance of educational and library provisions in copyright law for economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region as discussed at APCA's recent inaugural conference.
She also noted that it was a privilege for APCA members and other attendees to hear from a scholar of such international repute.
A recording of the presentation by Professor Kenneth D. Crews is available below.
2 February 2016
Victoria Business School’s programme of professorial chairs has been internationally acknowledged by a leading global business network in Miami, Florida today.
The Partnering Professorial Chairs programme, which connects Victoria Business School with businesses, the public sector and community organisations, was selected as one of the ‘Innovations That Inspire’ to be showcased at the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) International conference.
Victoria Business School’s Chairs programme allows high calibre academics to focus their research, teaching and graduate supervision on contemporary and critically important issues for New Zealand, and to engage more extensively with stakeholders.
Pro Vice-Chancellor and Dean of Commerce Professor Bob Buckle is thrilled the Victoria Business School programme has been selected as one of 30 initiatives to feature at the conference.
"Business schools were invited to share ways in which they have challenged the status quo through an innovation.
"Our Partnering Professorial Chairs programme is exactly that, and exemplifies how the School is reaching out to stakeholders, sharing expertise and addressing important issues for businesses and the wider community," he says.
Victoria Business School has been building its programme over several years and currently has six established Chairs.
The Chairs works closely with stakeholders in research, implementing initiatives, and training staff on critical issues. Each is supported by an advisory board comprising of partnering organisations from businesses, government agencies, and private trusts.
"We are most grateful to our partners who have worked with us to establish these Chairs, which have now gained international recognition," says Professor Buckle.
William H. Glick, chair of the AACSB Board of Directors and Dean of the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business at Rice University in Houston, Texas said: "We are proud to spotlight Victoria Business School's innovation, as the ideas found within demonstrate how institutions are embracing out-of the-box thinking – creating global solutions that shape best practices, form new business ties, and improve the educational experience for students and faculty alike."
The six Chairs are:
- Chair in Digital Government
- Chair in Public Finance
- BNZ Chair in Business in Asia
- Chair in Economics of Disasters
- Diana Unwin Chair of Restorative Justice
- Chair in Ethical Leadership (to commence in 2016)
6 January 2016
Accounting and feminism are not academic disciplines that often go together but their convergence is exactly the area that Victoria Business School graduate Farzana Tanima wanted to explore in her doctoral research.
The accounting graduate grew up in Bangladesh and moved to Wellington in 2006 to study at Victoria.
During her Honours year the keen mathematician was introduced to the idea that accounting was more than a "number-crunching discipline", but also could shape organisational and societal realities.
With a personal interest in the growth and socio-political issues in her home country, she focused on Bangladesh where there is widespread poverty and few education opportunities, particularly for women.
"I wanted to undertake research where I could reflect on how the disadvantaged social position of Bangladeshi women could be transformed by accounting and accountability systems such as financial reports," Farzana says.
"A distinguishing feature of Bangladesh is its poverty alleviation efforts through microfinance. It is a critical, anti-poverty tool of the poorest of the poor.
"Extending financial services to poor people, mainly women, allows them to generate income through self-employment and lessen the burden of seasonal employment."
Farzana argues microfinance practices can therefore empower Bangladeshi women, who are more vulnerable to poverty because they lack working opportunities.
By increasing their earning potential, microfinance also improves women's importance and influence in the household and local community.
Conflict between social and commercial imperatives
However, Farzana points out that microfinance companies’ core economic principles are driven by commercial imperatives, such as maximising profit and meeting responsibilities to their investors.
Herein lies the conflict which, she says, is too often weighed towards economic imperatives.
"For example, NGOs' accountability duties, such as annual reporting and financial statements, lean towards more powerful groups such as donors and funders.
"This takes NGOs attention away from broader social goals such as empowerment and poverty alleviation and their beneficiaries who are the purpose of NGOs existence in the first place.
"I argue that in order to address women’s empowerment issues, you need to understand that accounting is the core language of the day-to-day running of NGOs and hence accounting itself as a tool needs to be revised."
Farzana recognises there is no easy fix to transforming accounting and accountability systems into a more socially responsible tool.
But by shining the light into this little understood topic, she has created awareness and provided a platform for wider discussion and eventually change.