Vocref 15

Vocabulary and writing

Lexical diversity, assessing the vocabulary component of writing

Arnaud, P.J L. (1992) Objective lexical and grammatical characteristics of L2 written compositions and the validity of separate-component tests. In P.J.L.
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Arnaud, P.J.L. (1984) The lexical richness of L2 written productions and the validity of vocabulary tests. In T. Culhane, C. Klein-Braley, and D.K. Stevenson (eds) Practice and Problems in Language Testing University of Essex, Colchester: 14-28. [15.1]

Astika, Gusti Gede (1993) Analytical assessment of foreign students' writing. RELC Journal 24, 1: 61-72. [15.1]

Broeder, P. (1987) Measuring lexical richness and variety in second language use. Polyglot 8, 1: 1-16. [15.1]

Coniam, D. (1999) Second language proficiency and word frequency in English. Asian Journal of English Language Teaching 9: 59-74. [15.1]

Engber, C.A. (1995) The relationship of lexical proficiency to the quality of ESL compositions. Journal of Second Language Writing 4, 2: 139-155. [15.1]

Harley, B. and King, M.L. (1989) Verb lexis in the written compositions of young L2 learners. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 11, 4: 415-436. [15.1]

Hassall, P. and Ganesh, S. (1996) Correspondence analysis of English as an international language. The New Zealand Statistician 31, 1: 24-33. [15.1]

Hess, C.W., Ritchie, K.P., Landry, R.G. (1984) The type-token ratio and vocabulary performance. Psychological Report 55: 51-57. [15.1]

Jacobs, H.L., Zingraf, S.A., Wormuth, D.R., Hartfiel, V.F. and Hughey, J.B. (1981) . Testing ESL Composition: a practical approach Newbury House, Rowley. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1995) Beyond 2000: a measure of productive lexicon in a second language. In L. Eubank, L. Selinker and M. Sharwood-Smith (eds) The Current State of Interlanguage. John Benjamins, Amsterdam: 265-272. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1994) The lexical profile of second language writing: does it change over time? RELC Journal 25, 2: 21-33. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1991) The development of L2 lexis in the expression of the advanced language learner. Modern Language Journal 75, 4: 440-448. [15.1]

Laufer, B. and Nation, P. (1995) Vocabulary size and use: lexical richness in L2 written production. Applied Linguistics 16, 3: 307-322. [15.1]

Levenston, E.A. and Blum, S. (1976) Aspects of lexical simplification in the speech and writing of advanced adult learners. 5thColloque de Linguistique Appliquee de Neuchatel . [15.1]

Linnarud, M. (1986) . Lexis in composition Lund Studies in English. [15.1]

Malvern, D. and Richards, B. (1997) A new measure of lexical diversity. In A. Ryan and A. Wray (eds) Evolving Models of Language. Multilingual matters, Clevedon.: 58-71. [15.1]

Meara, P. and Fitzpatrick, T. (2000) An improved method of assessing productive vocabulary in L2. System 28: 19-30. [15.1]

Nihalani, N.K. (1981) The quest for the L2 index of development. RELC Journal 12, 2: 50-56. [15.1]

Richards, B. (1987) Type/token ratios: what do they really tell us? Journal of Child Language 14: 201-209. [15.1]

Richards, B.J. and Malvern, D.D. (1997) . Quantifying lexical diversity in the study of language development The New Bulmershe papers, University of Reading. [15.1]

Santos, T. (1988) Professors' reactions to the academic writing of nonnative-speaking students. TESOL Quarterly 22, 1: 69-90. [15.1]

Ure, J. (1993) Lexical density and register differentiation. In G. Perren and J.L.M. Trim (eds) Applications of Linguistics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 443-452. [15.1]


Leech, D. (1994) Problematic ESL content word choice in writing: a proposed foundation of descriptive categories. Issues in Applied Linguistics 5, 1: 83-102. [15.2]

Zimmermann, R. (1986) Classification and distribution of lexical errors in the written work of German learners of English. Papers and studies in contrastive linguistics 21: 31-40. [15.2]

Vocabulary knowledge helps writing

Duin, A.H. and Graves, M.F. (1987) Intensive vocabulary instruction as a prewriting technique. Reading Research Quarterly 22, 3: 311-330. [15.3]

Ilson, R. (1962) The dicto-comp: a specialized technique for controlling speech and writing in language learning. Language Learning 12, 4: 299-301. [15.3]

Leki, I. and Carson, J.G. (1994) Students' perceptions of EAP writing instruction and writing needs across the disciplines. TESOL Quarterly 28, 1: 81-101. [15.3]

Nation, I.S.P. (1991) Dictation, dicto-comp and related techniques. English Teaching Forum 29, 4: 12-14. [15.3]

Raimes, A. (1985) What unskilled ESL students do as they write: a classroom study of composing. TESOL Quarterly 19, 2: 229-258. [15.3]

Reynolds, D.W. (1995) Repetition in nonnative speaker writing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 17: 185-209. [15.3]

Sadler, R.K., Hayllar, T.A.S. and Powell, C.J. (1981) . Working With Words Macmillan, Melbourne: 79-81. [15.3]