School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies

Vocabulary and Writing

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Lexical Diversity, Assessing the Vocabulary Component of Writing

Arnaud, P.J L. (1992) Objective lexical and grammatical characteristics of L2 written compositions and the validity of separate-component tests. In P.J.L.
Arnaud and H. BŽjoint (eds) Vocabulary and Applied Linguistics Macmillan, London: 133-145. [15.1]

Arnaud, P.J.L. (1984) The lexical richness of L2 written productions and the validity of vocabulary tests. In T. Culhane, C. Klein-Braley, and D.K. Stevenson (eds) Practice and Problems in Language Testing University of Essex, Colchester: 14-28. [15.1]

Astika, Gusti Gede (1993) Analytical assessment of foreign students' writing. RELC Journal 24, 1: 61-72. [15.1]

Broeder, P. (1987) Measuring lexical richness and variety in second language use. Polyglot 8, 1: 1-16. [15.1]

Coniam, D. (1999) Second language proficiency and word frequency in English. Asian Journal of English Language Teaching 9: 59-74. [15.1]

Engber, C.A. (1995) The relationship of lexical proficiency to the quality of ESL compositions. Journal of Second Language Writing 4, 2: 139-155. [15.1]

Harley, B. and King, M.L. (1989) Verb lexis in the written compositions of young L2 learners. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 11, 4: 415-436. [15.1]

Hassall, P. and Ganesh, S. (1996) Correspondence analysis of English as an international language. The New Zealand Statistician 31, 1: 24-33. [15.1]

Hess, C.W., Ritchie, K.P., Landry, R.G. (1984) The type-token ratio and vocabulary performance. Psychological Report 55: 51-57. [15.1]

Jacobs, H.L., Zingraf, S.A., Wormuth, D.R., Hartfiel, V.F. and Hughey, J.B. (1981) . Testing ESL Composition: a practical approach Newbury House, Rowley. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1995) Beyond 2000: a measure of productive lexicon in a second language. In L. Eubank, L. Selinker and M. Sharwood-Smith (eds) The Current State of Interlanguage. John Benjamins, Amsterdam: 265-272. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1994) The lexical profile of second language writing: does it change over time? RELC Journal 25, 2: 21-33. [15.1]

Laufer, B. (1991) The development of L2 lexis in the expression of the advanced language learner. Modern Language Journal 75, 4: 440-448. [15.1]

Laufer, B. and Nation, P. (1995) Vocabulary size and use: lexical richness in L2 written production. Applied Linguistics 16, 3: 307-322. [15.1]

Levenston, E.A. and Blum, S. (1976) Aspects of lexical simplification in the speech and writing of advanced adult learners. 5thColloque de Linguistique Appliquee de Neuchatel . [15.1]

Linnarud, M. (1986) . Lexis in composition Lund Studies in English. [15.1]

Malvern, D. and Richards, B. (1997) A new measure of lexical diversity. In A. Ryan and A. Wray (eds) Evolving Models of Language. Multilingual matters, Clevedon.: 58-71. [15.1]

Meara, P. and Fitzpatrick, T. (2000) An improved method of assessing productive vocabulary in L2. System 28: 19-30. [15.1]

Nihalani, N.K. (1981) The quest for the L2 index of development. RELC Journal 12, 2: 50-56. [15.1]

Richards, B. (1987) Type/token ratios: what do they really tell us? Journal of Child Language 14: 201-209. [15.1]

Richards, B.J. and Malvern, D.D. (1997) . Quantifying lexical diversity in the study of language development The New Bulmershe papers, University of Reading. [15.1]

Santos, T. (1988) Professors' reactions to the academic writing of nonnative-speaking students. TESOL Quarterly 22, 1: 69-90. [15.1]

Ure, J. (1993) Lexical density and register differentiation. In G. Perren and J.L.M. Trim (eds) Applications of Linguistics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 443-452. [15.1]

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Errors

Leech, D. (1994) Problematic ESL content word choice in writing: a proposed foundation of descriptive categories. Issues in Applied Linguistics 5, 1: 83-102. [15.2]

Zimmermann, R. (1986) Classification and distribution of lexical errors in the written work of German learners of English. Papers and studies in contrastive linguistics 21: 31-40. [15.2]

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Vocabulary Knowledge Helps Writing

Duin, A.H. and Graves, M.F. (1987) Intensive vocabulary instruction as a prewriting technique. Reading Research Quarterly 22, 3: 311-330. [15.3]

Ilson, R. (1962) The dicto-comp: a specialized technique for controlling speech and writing in language learning. Language Learning 12, 4: 299-301. [15.3]

Leki, I. and Carson, J.G. (1994) Students' perceptions of EAP writing instruction and writing needs across the disciplines. TESOL Quarterly 28, 1: 81-101. [15.3]

Nation, I.S.P. (1991) Dictation, dicto-comp and related techniques. English Teaching Forum 29, 4: 12-14. [15.3]

Raimes, A. (1985) What unskilled ESL students do as they write: a classroom study of composing. TESOL Quarterly 19, 2: 229-258. [15.3]

Reynolds, D.W. (1995) Repetition in nonnative speaker writing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 17: 185-209. [15.3]

Sadler, R.K., Hayllar, T.A.S. and Powell, C.J. (1981) . Working With Words Macmillan, Melbourne: 79-81. [15.3]

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