School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies

Vocabulary Size

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Vocabulary Size of Very Young L1 Children

Adams, M.J. and Huggins, A.W.F. (1985) The growth of children's sight vocabulary: a quick test with educational and theoretical considerations. Reading Research Quarterly 20, 3: 262-281. [7.1]

Alexander, F. and Chamberlain, I.C. (1904) Studies of a child. Pedagogical Seminary 11: 263-291. [7.1]

Bateman, W.G. (1915) Two children's progress in speech. Journal of Educational Psychology 6: 475-493. [7.1]

Bateman, W.G. (1914) A child's progress in speech. Journal of Educational Psychology 5, 6: 307-320. [7.1]

Bohn, W.E. (1914) First steps in verbal expression. Pedagogical Seminary 21: 579-595. [7.1]

Boyd, W. (1914) The development of a child's vocabulary. Pedagogical Seminary 21: 95-123. [7.1]

Brandenburg, G.C. (1914) The language of a three-year-old child. Pedagogical Seminary 22: 89-120. [7.1]

Brandenburg, G.C. and Brandenburg, J. (1919) Language development during the fourth year: the conversation. Pedagogical Seminary 26, 1: 27-40. [7.1]

Bush, A. (1914) The vocabulary of a three-year-old girl. Pedagogical Seminary 21: 125-142. [7.1]

Chamberlain, A.F. and I.C. (1904) Studies of a child. 1 and 2. Pedagogical Seminary 11: 263-291. [7.1]

Doran, E.W. (1907) A study of vocabularies. Pedagogical Seminary 14, 4: 40l-438. [7.1]

Gale, M.C. and H. (1902) Children's vocabularies. Popular Science Monthly 61: 45-51. [7.1]

Gale, M.C. and H. (1902) The vocabularies of three children in one family at two and three years of age. Pedagogical Seminary 9: 422-435. [7.1]

Gregory, C.A. (1923) The reading vocabularies of third-grade children. Journal of Educational Research 7, 2: l27-131. [7.1]

Hall, W.S. (1896) The first five hundred days of a child's life. Child Study Monthly 2: 586-608. [7.1]

Heilig, M.R. (1913) A child's vocabulary. Pedagogical Seminary 20: l-16. [7.1]

Jegi, J.I. (190l) The vocabulary of a two year old child. Child Study Monthly 6, 7: 242-261. [7.1]

Langenbeck, M. (1914) A study of a five-year-old child. Pedagogical Seminary 22: 65-88. [7.1]

Mateer, F. (1908) The vocabulary of a four year old boy. Pedagogical Seminary 15: 63-74. [7.1]

Nice, M.M. (1915) The development of a child's vocabulary in relation to environment. Pedagogical Seminary 22: 35-64. [7.1]

Pelsma, J.R. (1914) A child's vocabulary and its development. Pedagogical Seminary 17: 329-369. [7.1]

Rowe, E.C. and H. (1913) The vocabulary of a child at four and six years of age. Pedagogical Seminary 20: 187-208. [7.1]

Salisbury, A. (1894) A child's vocabulary. Educational Review 7: 289-290. [7.1]

Sanford, E. C. (1891) Notes on studies of the language of children. Pedagogical Seminary 1: 257-260. [7.1]

Templin, M. (1957) . Certain language skills in children: their development and inter-relationships Institute of Child Welfare, monograph series no. 26, University of Minnesota Press. [7.1]

Tracy, F. (1893) The language of childhood. American Journal of Psychology 6, 1: l07-138. [7.1]

Uhrbrock, R.S. (1935) The vocabulary of a five-year-old. Educational Research Bulletin 14, 44: 85-97. [7.1]

Whipple, G.M. and Mrs. (1909) The vocabulary of a three-year-old boy with some interpretive comments. Pedagogical Seminary 16, 1: l-22. [7.1]

Wolff, F.E. (1910) A boy's dictionary. Child-Study Monthly 2: 141-150. [7.1]

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Vocabulary Size of L1 School Children

Anglin, J.M. (1993) . Vocabulary development: a morphological analysis Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development Serial No. 238, Vol 58, No 10. [7.2]

Bryan, F.E. (1953) How large are children's vocabularies? Elementary School Journal 54: 210-216. [7.2]

Colvin, C.M. (1951) A re-examination of the vocabulary question. Elementary English 28: 350-356. [7.2]

Cuff, N.B. (1930) Vocabulary tests. Journal of Educational Psychology 21, 3: 212-220. [7.2]

Dolch, E.W. (1951) Tested word knowledge vs. frequency counts. Journal of Educational Research 44: 457-470. [7.2]

Dolch, E.W. (1936) How much word knowledge do children bring to grade one? The Elementary English Review 13: 177-183. [7.2]

Graves, M.F. (1989) A quantitative and qualitative study of elementary school children's vocabularies. Journal of Educational Research 82, 4: 203-209. [7.2]

Graves, M.F., Ryder, R.J., Slater, W.H. and Calfee, R.C. (1987) The relationship between word frequency and reading vocabulary using six metrics of frequency.
Journal of Educational Research 81: 81-90. [7.2]

Larrick, N. (1954) How many words does a child know? Education Digest 19, 6: 42-44. [7.2]

Miller, G.A and Wakefield, P.C. (1993) Commentary on Anglin's analysis of vocabulary growth. In Anglin: 167-175. [7.2]

Nagy, W.E. and Anderson, R.C. (1984) How many words are there in printed school English? Reading Research Quarterly 19, 3: 304-330. [7.2]

Neher, H. L. (1918) Measuring the vocabulary of high school pupils. School and Society 8: 355-359. [7.2]

Nice, M.M. (1926) On the size of vocabularies. American Speech 2, 1: l-7. [7.2]

Seegers, J.C. and Seashore, R.H. (1949) How large are children's vocabularies? A discussion. Elementary English 26, 4: 181-194. [7.2]

Shibles, B. (1959) How many words does a first-grade child know? Elementary English 36: 42-47. [7.2]

Smith, M.K. (1941) Measurement of the size of general English vocabulary through the elementary grades and high school. Genetic Psychology Monographs 24: 311-345. [7.2]

Symonds, P.M. (1926) Size of recognition and recall vocabularies. School and Society 24: 559-560. [7.2]

Symonds, P.M. and Penney, E.M. (1930) The increasing of English vocabulary in the English class. Journal of Educational Research 15, 2: 93-101. [7.2]

Vasey, F.T. (1919) Vocabulary of grammar grade school children. Journal of Educational Psychology l0: l04-l07. [7.2]

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Vocabulary Size of L1 Adults

Adams, S. and Powers, F.F. (1929) The measurement of language capacity: the psychology of language. Psychological Bulletin 26: 241-260. [7.3]

Babbitt, E.H. (1907) A vocabulary test. Popular Science Monthly 70: 378. [7.3]

Crystal, D. (1987) How many words? English Today 12: 11-14. [7.3]

D'Anna, C.A., Zechmeister, E.B. and Hall, J.W. (1991) Toward a meaningful definition of vocabulary size. Journal of Reading Behavior: A Journal of Literacy 23, 1: 109-122. [7.3]

Diack, H. (1975) . Test Your Own Wordpower Paladin, St. Albans. [7.3]

Diack, H. (1975) . Standard literacy tests Hart-Davis Educational. [7.3]

Dupuy, H.J. (1974) . The rationale, development and standardization of a basic word vocabulary test US Govt Printing Office, Washington DC. [7.3]

Gansl, I. (1939) Vocabulary: its measurement and growth. Archives of Psychology 33, 236. [7.3]

Gerlach, F.M. (1917) Vocabulary studies. Studies in Education and Psychology Colorado College: 1. [7.3]

Hartmann, G.W. (1946) Further evidence on the unexpected large size of recognition vocabularies among college students. Journal of Educational Psychology 37: 436-439. [7.3]

Holden, E.S. (1875) On the number of words used in speaking and writing. Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 2: 16-21, 28. [7.3]

Johns, W.B. (1939) The growth of vocabulary among university students with some considerations of methods of fostering it. Journal of Experimental Education 8, 1: 89-102. [7.3]

Kirkpatrick, E.A. (1907) A vocabulary test. Popular Science Monthly 70: 157-164. [7.3]

Kirkpatrick, E.A. (1891) Number of words in an ordinary vocabulary. Science 18, 446: 107-108. [7.3]

Magni, J.A. (1919) Vocabularies. Pedagogical Seminary 26, 3: 209-233. [7.3]

Oldfield, R.C. (1963) Individual vocabulary and semantic currency: a preliminary study. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 2: 122-130. [7.3]

Schonell, F.J., Meddleton, I.G. and Shaw, B.A. (1956) . A study of the oral vocabulary of adults University of Queensland Press, Brisbane. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. (1949) Implications of the Seashore vocabulary report. Elementary English 26: 407-413. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. (1948) The importance of vocabulary in learning language skills. Elementary English 25, 3: 137-152. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. (1939) Further data on the measurement of general English vocabularies. Psychological Bulletin 36: 525. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. (1933) The measurement and analysis of extent of vocabulary. Psychological Bulletin 30: 709-710. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. and Eckerson, L.D. (1940) The measurement of individual differences in general English vocabularies. Journal of Educational Psychology 31: 14-38. [7.3]

Seashore, R.H. and Morin, R.E. (1950) Clearing the way for vocabulary development. Education Digest 16, 2: 43-45. [7.3]

Whipple, G.M. (1908) Vocabulary and word-building tests. Psychological Review 15: 94-105. [7.3]

Zechmeister, E.B., Chronis, A.M., Cull, W.L., D'Anna, C.A. and Healy, N.A. (1995) Growth of a functionally important lexicon. Journal of Reading Behavior 27, 2: 201-212. [7.3]

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Vocabulary Size and Growth of L2 Learners

Barnard, H. (1961) A test of P.U.C. students' vocabulary in Chotanagpur. Bulletin of the Central Institute of English l: 90-l00. [7.4]

Barrow, J., Nakanashi, Y. and Ishino, H. (1996) Vocabulary familiarity survey for Japanese students. Bulletin of Osaka International University for Women 22, 1:
99-118. [7.4]

Barrow, J., Nakanishi, Y. and Ishino, H. (1999) Assessing Japanese college students' vocabulary knowledge with a self-checking familiarity survey. System 27: 223-247. [7.4]

Broeder, P., Extra, G. and van Hout, R. (1993) Richness and variety in the developing lexicon. In C. Perdue (ed) Adult language Acquisition: Cross-linguistic Perspectives Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 145-163. [7.4]

Burns, D.G. (1951) An investigation into the extent of first-year vocabulary in French in boys' grammar schools. British Journal of Educational Psychology 21: 36-44. [7.4]

Cummins, J. (1980) Age on arrival and immigrant second language learning in Canada: a reassessment. Applied Linguistics 11, 2: 132-149. [7.4]

Diller, K.C. (1978) . The Language Teaching Controversy Newbury House, Rowley, Mass.: Chapter l2. [7.4]

Harlech-Jones, B. (1983) ESL proficiency and a word frequency count. ELT Journal 37, 1: 62-70. [7.4]

Hazenberg, S. and Hulstijn, J.H. (1996) Defining a minimal receptive second-language vocabulary for non-native university students: an empirical investigation. Applied Linguistics 17, 2: 145-163. [7.4]

Hill, D.J. (1991) Interlanguage lexis: an investigation of verb choice. Edinburgh Working Papers in Applied Linguistics 2: 24-36. [7.4]

Izawa, H. (1993) The English vocabulary of 21 Japanese adults on a high proficiency level. JALT Journal 15, 1. [7.4]

Jamieson, P. (1977) Second language education of young children. Set 77, 1 NZCER, Wellington, New Zealand. [7.4]

Jamieson, P. (1977) Acquisition of communicative competence by children learning a second language. Paper presented to AULLA, XVIIIth Congress, VUW. [7.4]

Jamieson, P. (1976) . The acquisition of English as a second language by young Tokelau children living in New Zealand Unpublished PhD thesis, Victoria University of Wellington. [7.4]

Marshall, S. and Gilmour, M. (1993) Lexical knowledge and reading comprehension in Papua New Guinea. English for Specific Purposes 12, 1: 69-81. [7.4]

Mason, C. (1982) How much do they know? Assessing ESL vocabulary range. Unpublished paper. [7.4]

McNeill, A. (1996) Vocabulary knowledge profiles: evidence from Chinese-speaking teachers. Hong Kong Journal of Applied Linguistics 1: 39-63. [7.4]

Meara, P. (1995) Single-subject studies of lexical acquisition. Second Language Research 11, 2: i-iii. [7.4]

Meister, G. (1986) A survey of vocabulary recognition among provincial high school students. TESLA (Papua New Guinea) 5, 1: 54-64. [7.4]

Milton, J. and Meara, P. (1995) How periods abroad affect vocabulary growth in a foreign language. ITL: Review of Applied Linguistics 107-108: 17-35. [7.4]

Nation, I.S.P. (1993) Vocabulary size, growth and use. In R. Schreuder and B. Weltens (eds) The Bilingual Lexicon. John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: 115-134. [7.4]

Nurweni, A. and Read, J. (1999) The English vocabulary knowledge of Indonesian university students. English for Specific Purposes 18, 2: 161-175. [7.4]

Palmberg, R. (1987) Patterns of vocabulary development in foreign language learners. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 9: 202-221. [7.4]

Palmberg, R. (1985) How much English vocabulary do Swedish-speaking primary-school pupils know before starting to learn English at school? Reports from the
Research Institute of the Abo Akademi Foundation . [7.4]

Pearson, B.Z., Fernandez, S.C., and Oller, D.K. (1993) Lexical development in bilingual infants and toddlers: comparison to monolingual norms. Language Learning 43, 1: 93-120. [7.4]

Quinn, G. (1968) . The English vocabulary of some Indonesian university entrants IKIP Kristen Satya Watjana, Salatiga. [7.4]

Ryden, E.R. (1948) Vocabulary as an index of learning in a second language. Journal of Educational Psychology 39: 436-440. [7.4]

Skehan, P. (In press) Early lexical development and the prediction of foreign language learning success. In H. Lunt (ed) Proceedings of the CILT/ESRC conference on second language acquisition research. CILT, London. [7.4]

Umbel, V.M. and Oller, D.K. (1994) Developmental changes in receptive vocabulary in Hispanic bilingual school children. Language Learning 44, 2: 221-242. [7.4]

Verhallen, M. and Schoonen, R. (1998) Lexical knowledge in L1 and L2 of third and fifth graders. Applied Linguistics 19, 4: 452-470. [7.4]

Vermeer, A. (1992) Exploring the second language learner lexicon. In L. Verhoeven and J.H.A.L. de Jong (eds) The Construct of Language Proficiency: Applications of Psychological Models to Language Assessment John Benjamins, Amsterdam: 147-162. [7.4]

Wode, H., Rohde, A., Gassen, F., Weiss, B., Jekat, M. and Jung, P. (1992) L1, L2, L3: Continuity vs. discontinuity in lexical acquisition. In Arnaud and Bejoint: 52-61. [7.4]

Yang, L. (1997) Tracking the acquisition of L2 vocabulary: the Keki language experiment. In Coady and Huckin: 125-156. [7.4]

Yoshida, M. (1978) The acquisition of English vocabulary by a Japanese speaking child. In E. M. Hatch (ed) Second Language Acquisition Newbury House, Rowley, Mass.: 91-l00. [7.4]

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Methodology of Vocabulary Size Measurement

Anderson, R.C. and Freebody, P. (1983) Reading comprehension and the assessment and acquisition of word knowledge. Advances in Reading/Language Research 2: 231-256. [7.5]

Bird, N. (1992) Investigating lexis beyond the most frequent words. Unpublished MS. [7.5]

Dale, E. (1931) Difficulties in vocabulary research. Educational Research Bulletin l0, 5: l19-122. [7.5]

Ellegard, A. (1960) Estimating vocabulary size. Word 16: 219-244. [7.5]

Fair, C.M. (1989) A method of estimating the total number of words in English. Language Sciences 11, 4: 355-366. [7.5]

Goulden, R., Nation, P. and Read, J. (1990) How large can a receptive vocabulary be? Applied Linguistics 11, 4: 341-363. [7.5]

Hartmann, G.W. (1941) A critique of the common method of estimating vocabulary size, together with some data on the absolute word knowledge of educated adults. Journal of Educational Psychology 32: 351-358. [7.5]

Hillerich, R.L. (1981) Recognition vocabularies: a research-based caution. The Elementary School Journal 81, 5: 313-317. [7.5]

Kucera, H. (1982) The mathematics of language. In The American Heritage Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 2nd ed.. [7.5]

Lorge, I. and Chall, J. (1963) Estimating the size of vocabularies of children and adults: an analysis of methodological issues. Journal of Experimental Education 32, 2: 147-157. [7.5]

Miller, G. A. (1977) . Spontaneous Apprentices Seabury Press, New York. [7.5]

Nation, I.S.P. (1993) Using dictionaries to estimate vocabulary size: essential, but rarely followed, procedures. Language Testing 10, 1: 27-40. [7.5]

Nation, I.S.P. (1985) Testing vocabulary size. Proceedings of ATESOL 4th Summer School Vol 3: 1-10. [7.5]

Terman, L.M. and Childs, H.G. (1912) A tentative revision and extension of the Binet-Simon measuring scale of intelligence. Pt 2. The Journal of Educational Psychology 3: 204-208. [7.5]

Thorndike, E.L. (1924) The vocabularies of school pupils. In J. Carelton Bell (ed) Contributions to Education World Book Co., New York: 69-76. [7.5]

Williams, H.M. (1932) Some problems of sampling in vocabulary tests. Journal of Experimental Education l, 2: 131-133. [7.5]

Zechmeister, E.B., D'Anna, C.A., Hall, J.W., Paus, C.H. and Smith, J.A. (1993) Metacognitive and other knowledge about the mental lexicon: Do we know how many words we know? Applied Linguistics 14, 2: 188-206. [7.5]

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