School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies

Headwords of the Academic Word List

This list contains the head words of the families in the Academic Word List. The numbers indicate the sublist of the Academic Word List. For example, abandon and its family members are in Sublist 8 of the Academic Word List.

Sublist 1 contains the most common words in the AWL. Sublist 2 contains the next most common words, and so on. There are 60 families in each sublist, except for sublist 10 which has 30.

You can download the Headwords document either as a text (.rtf) file or as an Acrobat (.pdf) file.

Click on the links below to download the preferred version.

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Go to Words Beginning With

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | L
| M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

abandon

8

abstract

6

academy

5

access

4

accommodate

9

accompany

8

accumulate

8

accurate

6

achieve

2

acknowledge

6

acquire

2

adapt

7

adequate

4

adjacent

10

adjust

5

administrate

2

adult

7

advocate

7

affect

2

aggregate

6

aid

7

albeit

10

allocate

6

alter

5

alternative

3

ambiguous

8

amend

5

analogy

9

analyse

1

annual

4

anticipate

9

apparent

4

append

8

appreciate

8

approach

1

appropriate

2

approximate

4

arbitrary

8

area

1

aspect

2

assemble

10

assess

1

assign

6

assist

2

assume

1

assure

9

attach

6

attain

9

attitude

4

attribute

4

author

6

authority

1

automate

8

available

1

aware

5

behalf

9

benefit

1

Top

bias

8

bond

6

brief

6

bulk

9

capable

6

capacity

5

Top

category

2

cease

9

challenge

5

channel

7

chapter

2

chart

8

chemical

7

circumstance

3

cite

6

civil

4

clarify

8

classic

7

clause

5

code

4

coherent

9

coincide

9

collapse

10

colleague

10

commence

9

comment

3

commission

2

commit

4

commodity

8

communicate

4

community

2

compatible

9

compensate

3

compile

10

complement

8

complex

2

component

3

compound

5

comprehensive

7

comprise

7

compute

2

conceive

10

concentrate

4

concept

1

conclude

2

concurrent

9

conduct

2

confer

4

confine

9

confirm

7

conflict

5

conform

8

consent

3

consequent

2

considerable

3

consist

1

constant

3

constitute

1

constrain

3

construct

2

consult

5

consume

2

contact

5

contemporary

8

context

1

contract

1

contradict

8

contrary

7

contrast

4

contribute

3

controversy

9

convene

3

converse

9

convert

7

convince

10

cooperate

6

coordinate

3

core

3

corporate

3

correspond

3

couple

7

create

1

credit

2

criteria

3

crucial

8

culture

2

currency

8

cycle

4

data

1

debate

4

Top

decade

7

decline

5

deduce

3

define

1

definite

7

demonstrate

3

denote

8

deny

7

depress

10

derive

1

design

2

despite

4

detect

8

deviate

8

device

9

devote

9

differentiate

7

dimension

4

diminish

9

discrete

5

discriminate

6

displace

8

display

6

dispose

7

distinct

2

distort

9

distribute

1

diverse

6

document

3

domain

6

domestic

4

dominate

3

draft

5

drama

8

duration

9

dynamic

7

economy

1

edit

6

element

2

Top

eliminate

7

emerge

4

emphasis

3

empirical

7

enable

5

encounter

10

energy

5

enforce

5

enhance

6

enormous

10

ensure

3

entity

5

environment

1

equate

2

equip

7

equivalent

5

erode

9

error

4

establish

1

estate

6

estimate

1

ethic

9

ethnic

4

evaluate

2

eventual

8

evident

1

evolve

5

exceed

6

exclude

3

exhibit

8

expand

5

expert

6

explicit

6

exploit

8

export

1

expose

5

external

5

extract

7

facilitate

5

Top

factor

1

feature

2

federal

6

fee

6

file

7

final

2

finance

1

finite

7

flexible

6

fluctuate

8

focus

2

format

9

formula

1

forthcoming

10

foundation

7

found

9

framework

3

function

1

fund

3

fundamental

5

furthermore

6

gender

6

generate

5

generation

5

globe

7

goal

4

grade

7

Top

grant

4

guarantee

7

guideline

8

hence

4

hierarchy

7

highlight

8

hypothesis

4

identical

7

identify

1

ideology

7

ignorance

6

illustrate

3

Top

image

5

immigrate

3

impact

2

implement

4

implicate

4

implicit

8

imply

3

impose

4

incentive

6

incidence

6

incline

10

income

1

incorporate

6

index

6

indicate

1

individual

1

induce

8

inevitable

8

infer

7

infrastructure

8

inherent

9

inhibit

6

initial

3

initiate

6

injure

2

innovate

7

input

6

insert

7

insight

9

inspect

8

instance

3

institute

2

instruct

6

integral

9

integrate

4

integrity

10

intelligence

6

intense

8

interact

3

intermediate

9

internal

4

interpret

1

interval

6

intervene

7

intrinsic

10

invest

2

investigate

4

invoke

10

involve

1

isolate

7

issue

1

item

2

job

4

journal

2

justify

3

label

4

labour

1

layer

3

lecture

6

legal

1

Top

legislate

1

levy

10

liberal

5

licence

5

likewise

10

link

3

locate

3

logic

5

maintain

2

major

1

manipulate

8

manual

9

Top

margin

5

mature

9

maximise

3

mechanism

4

media

7

mediate

9

medical

5

medium

9

mental

5

method

1

migrate

6

military

9

minimal

9

minimise

8

minimum

6

ministry

6

minor

3

mode

7

modify

5

monitor

5

motive

6

mutual

9

negate

3

network

5

neutral

6

nevertheless

6

nonetheless

10

Top

norm

9

normal

2

notion

5

notwithstanding

10

nuclear

8

objective

5

obtain

2

obvious

4

occupy

4

Top

occur

1

odd

10

offset

8

ongoing

10

option

4

orient

5

outcome

3

output

4

overall

4

overlap

9

overseas

6

panel

10

paradigm

7

paragraph

8

parallel

4

Top

parameter

4

participate

2

partner

3

passive

9

perceive

2

percent

1

period

1

persist

10

perspective

5

phase

4

phenomenon

7

philosophy

3

physical

3

plus

8

policy

1

portion

9

pose

10

positive

2

potential

2

practitioner

8

precede

6

precise

5

predict

4

predominant

8

preliminary

9

presume

6

previous

2

primary

2

prime

5

principal

4

principle

1

prior

4

priority

7

proceed

1

process

1

professional

4

prohibit

7

project

4

promote

4

proportion

3

prospect

8

protocol

9

psychology

5

publication

7

publish

3

purchase

2

pursue

5

qualitative

9

quote

7

radical

8

random

8

Top

range

2

ratio

5

rational

6

react

3

recover

6

refine

9

regime

4

region

2

register

3

regulate

2

reinforce

8

reject

5

relax

9

release

7

relevant

2

reluctance

10

rely

3

remove

3

require

1

research

1

reside

2

resolve

4

resource

2

respond

1

restore

8

restrain

9

restrict

2

retain

4

reveal

6

revenue

5

reverse

7

revise

8

revolution

9

rigid

9

role

1

route

9

scenario

9

schedule

8

scheme

3

Top

scope

6

section

1

sector

1

secure

2

seek

2

select

2

sequence

3

series

4

sex

3

shift

3

significant

1

similar

1

simulate

7

site

2

so-called

10

sole

7

somewhat

7

source

1

specific

1

specify

3

sphere

9

stable

5

statistic

4

status

4

straightforward

10

strategy

2

stress

4

structure

1

style

5

submit

7

subordinate

9

subsequent

4

subsidy

6

substitute

5

successor

7

sufficient

3

sum

4

summary

4

supplement

9

survey

2

survive

7

suspend

9

sustain

5

symbol

5

tape

6

Top

target

5

task

3

team

9

technical

3

technique

3

technology

3

temporary

9

tense

8

terminate

8

text

2

theme

8

theory

1

thereby

8

thesis

7

topic

7

trace

6

tradition

2

transfer

2

transform

6

transit

5

transmit

7

transport

6

trend

5

trigger

9

ultimate

7

undergo

10

underlie

6

Top

undertake

4

uniform

8

unify

9

unique

7

utilise

6

valid

3

Top

vary

1

vehicle

8

version

5

via

8

violate

9

virtual

8

visible

7

vision

9

visual

8

volume

3

voluntary

7

welfare

5

whereas

5

whereby

10

widespread

8

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