Centre for Applied Cross-Cultural Research

Prof Colleen Ward

Director of CACR
School of Psychology
colleen.ward@vuw.ac.nz

Phone: 04 463 6037
Location: Room 626, Easterfield Bldg, Kelburn Pde

Colleen Ward-2016

Qualifications

PhD Durham

PositionsEmail
Director, Centre for Applied Cross-cultural Research
Professor, School of Psychology, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand
colleen.ward@vuw.ac.nz

Background

Professor Colleen Ward is a native of New Orleans and a citizen of the world. Colleen received her PhD. from the University of Durham, England, in 1977, and has since held research and/or teaching positions at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad, the Science University of Malaysia, the National University of Singapore, the University of Canterbury and most recently Victoria University of Wellington where she is former Head of Psychology and current Director of the Centre for Applied Cross-cultural Research.

Colleen is former President of the International Academy of Intercultural Research (2009-11), President of the Asian Association of Social Psychology (2005-7) and Secretary General of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology (1992-4). She is currently Editor in Chief of the International Journal of Intercultural Relations, and she currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, Asian Journal of Social Psychology, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, and the Advances in Culture and Psychology Series (Oxford University Press).

Colleen is author of more than 160 journal articles and book chapters. Her research speciality is in cross-cultural psychology with particular expertise in acculturation and intercultural relations. She was New Zealand's James Cook Fellow in Social Science in 2005, and in 2011 she was awarded the Royal Society of New Zealand's Te Rangi Hiroa Medal for her research on cultural diversity.

Areas of Interest

Cross-cultural psychology; Acculturation and adaptation; Inter-group perceptions and relations.

Interests

At the most general level I am interested in how culture affects human behaviour and experience. I am particularly concerned with acculturation processes and the prediction of psychological and socio-cultural adaptation of persons who make cross-cultural transitions. I also conduct research on cultural identity and inter-group processes, including the mutual perceptions of immigrants and members of a host society.

Research areas: acculturation and adaptation, including studies of immigrants and international students; cross-cultural comparison of psychological processes; inter-group perceptions and relations

Research skills: test construction and validation, including modification, validation and linguistic equivalence of measures for use across cultures; survey design and analysis; experimental methods.

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Selected publications

Book

Ward, C., Bochner, S., & Furnham, A. (2001). The psychology of culture shock . London: Routledge.

(The revised and updated version is currently in progress with an anticipated 2014 publication date.)

Journal Articles

Adam, Z. M., & Ward, C. (in press). Stress, religious coping and well-being in acculturating Muslims. Journal of Muslim Mental Health.

Szabo, A., Ward, C. & Fletcher, G. (2016). Stress appraisal, information processing strategies, and somatic symptoms: A longitudinal study with immigrants. Journal of Health Psychology, doi: 10.1177/1359105316678306

Szabo, A., Ward, C. & Fletcher, G. (2016). Identity processing styles during cultural transition: Construct and measurement. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 47, 483-507.

Ward, C., & Geeraert, N. (2016). Advancing acculturation theory and research: The acculturation process in its ecological context. Current Opinion in Psychology, 8, 98-104.

Stuart, J., Ward, C., & Robinson, L. (2016) The influence of family climate on stress and adaptation of Muslim immigrant young adults in two Western countries. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 5, 1-17.

Szabo, A., Ward, C., & Jose, P. (2016). Uprooting stress, coping and anxiety: A longitudinal study of international students. International Journal of Stress Management, 23, 190-208.

Tabor, A. S., Milfont, T. L., & Ward, C. (2015). The migrant personality revisited: Individual differences and international mobility intentions. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 44, 89-95.

Tabor, A. S., Milfont, T. L., & Ward, C. (2015). International migration decision-making and destination selection among skilled migrants. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 9, 28-41.

Szabo, A., & Ward, C. (2015). Identity development during cross-cultural transition: The role of social-cognitive identity processes. International Journal of Intercultural Relations,46, 13-35.

Kus-Harbord, L., & Ward, C. (2015). Ethnic Russians in post Soviet Estonia: Perceived devaluation, acculturation, and intergroup relations. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 4, 66-81.
Kus, L., Ward, C.,, & Liu, J. (2014). Inter-ethnic factors as predictors of the subjective well-being of minority individuals in a context of recent societal changes. Political Psychology, 35, 703-719, (this one has the wrong date on the web-site)

Chiu, C.Y., Lonner, W., Matsumoto, D., & Ward, C. (2013). Cross-cultural competence: Theory, research and application. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 44, 843-848.

Sibley, C., & Ward, C. (2013). Measuring the preconditions for a succesful multicultural society: A barometer test of New Zealand’s multicultural status. International Journal of Intercultural Relations(Special issue on Multiculturalism).Wilson, J., Ward, C., & Fischer, R. (2013). Beyond culture learning theory: What can personality tell us about cultural competence? Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 44, 900-927.
Kus, L., Liu, J., & Ward, C. (2013). Relative deprivation versus system justification: Polemical social representations and identity positioning in a post-Soviet society. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 423-437.

Kus, L., Ward, C., & Liu, J. (2013). Inter-ethnic factors as predictors of the subjective well-being of minority individuals in a context of recent societal changes. Political Psychology. doi: 10.1111/pops.12038
Ward, C. (2013). Probing identity, integration and adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations,
37, 391-401.


Gezentsvey, M., Ward, C., & Liu, J. (2013). Motivation for ethno-cultural continuity. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 44, 1047-1066.


Van Oudenhoven, J. P., & Ward, C. (2013). Fading majority cultures: The effects of transnationalism and demographic developments on the acculturation of immigrants. Journal ofCommunity and Applied Social Psychology, 23, 81-97.
Ward, C., & Kus, L. (2012). Back to and beyond Berry’s basics: The conceptualization, operationalization and classification of acculturation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 472-485.

Jasperse, M., Ward, C., & Jose, P. (2012). Identity, perceived religious discrimination and psychological well-being in Muslim immigrant women. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 61,250-261.
Stuart, J., & Ward, C. (2011). A question of balance: Exploring acculturation, integration and adaptation of Muslim immigrant youth. Journal of Psychosocial Intervention, 20(3), 255-267. Gelfand, M., and others including Ward. (2011). Differences between tight and loose cultures: A 33 nation study. Science, 332, 1100-1104.
Gezentsvey Lamy, M., Liu, J., & Ward, C. (2011). “Integrating paradigms, methodological implications:” Using history to embody Breakwell’s 1993 theoretical links between Social Identity Theory and Social Representations Theory. Papers on Social Representations, 20, 15.1-15.7.

DiCosmo, C., Milfont, T., Robinson, E., Denny, S., Ward, C., Crengle, S. & Ameratunga, S. N. (2011). Immigrant status and acculturation influence substance use among New Zealand youth:. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 35(5), 434-441. Ward, C.,& Berno, T. (2011). Beyond social exchange theory: An integrative model of attitudes toward tourists. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(4), 1556-1569.
Ward, C., Stuart, J., & Kus, L. (2011). The construction and validation of a measure of ethno-cultural identity conflict. Journal of Personality Assessment, 93, 462-473. Stuart, J., & Ward, C. (2011). The predictors of ethno-cultural identity conflict among South Asian immigrant youth in New Zealand. Applied Developmental Science, 15, 117-128. Ward, C., Wilson, J., & Fischer, R. (2011). Assessing the predictive validity of cultural intelligence over time. Personality and Individual Differences, 51,138-142.
Leong, C.-H., & Ward, C. (2011). Intergroup perceptions and attitudes toward immigrants in a culturally plural society. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 60, 46-65. Stuart, J., Ward, C., & Adam, Z. (2010). Current issues in the development and acculturation of Muslim youth in New Zealand. Bulletin of the International Society for Studying Behavioral Development, 2, 9-13.
Ward, C., Fox, S., Wilson, J., Stuart, J., & Kus, L. (2010). Contextual influences on the acculturation process: The roles of family, community and society. Psychological Studies, 55,26-34.
Lun, V. M.-C., Fischer, R., & Ward, C. (2010). Exploring cultural differences in critical thinking: Is it about my thinking style or the language I speak? Learning and Individual Differences, 20, 604-616.
Ward, C., & Kagitcibasi, C. (2010). Applied acculturation research: Working with, for and beyond communities. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 186-189.
Stuart, J., Ward, C., Jose, P., & Narayanan, P. (2010). Working with and for communities: A collaborative study of harmony and conflict in well-functioning, acculturating families.International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 114-126.

Ward, C., Masgoret, A.-M., & Gezentsvey, M. (2009). Investigating attitudes toward international students: Implications for social integration and international education. Social Issues and Policy Review, 3, 79-102.

Ward, C.,Fischer, R., Lam, S. F. Z., & Hall, L. (2009). The convergent, discriminant and incremental validity of scores on a self-report measure of cultural intelligence. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 69, 85-105.

Ward, C., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2008). Attitudes toward immigrants, immigration and multiculturalism in New Zealand. International Migration Review, 42, 222-243.

Ward, C. (2008). Thinking outside the Berry boxes: New perspectives on identity, acculturation and intercultural relations. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32, 114-123.

Ward, C., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2007). Immigrant entry into the workforce: A research note from New Zealand. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 31, 525-530.

Ward, C. (2007). Asian social psychology: Looking in and looking out. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 21-33.

Ward, C., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2006). An integrated model of attitudes toward immigrants.International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 671-682.

Leong, C.-H., & Ward, C. (2006). Values and attitudes toward immigrants and multiculturalism: The case of the Eurobarometer survey on racism and xenophobia. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 799-810.

Van Oudenhoven, J.-P., Ward, C., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2006). Patterns of relations between immigrants and host societies. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 637-651.

Ward, C. (2006). Acculturation, identity and adaptation in dual heritage adolescents.International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30(2), 243-259.

Berry, J. W., & Ward, C. (2006). Commentary on "redefining interactions across cultures and organizations". Group and Organizational Management, 31, 64-77.

Berno, T., & Ward, C. (2005). Innocence abroad: A pocket guide to psychological research on tourism. American Psychologist, 60(6), 593-600.

Ong, A., & Ward, C. (2005). The construction and validation of a social support measure for sojourners: The Index of Sojourner Social Support (ISSS) Scale. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 36, 637-661.

Guest Editor of Special Issues

Ward, C., & Kagitcibasi, C. (2010). Acculturation Theory, Research and Application: Working with and for Communities. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34(2).

Van Oudenhoven, J.-P., Ward, C., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2008). Attitudes toward immigrants and immigration. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30(6).

Book Chapters

Ward, C., Szabo, A., & Stuart, J. (in press). Prejudice against immigrants in multicultural societies. In C. Sibley & F. K. Barlow (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of the psychology of prejudice. Cambridge University Press.

Ward, C., & Mak, A.  (in press). Acculturation theory and research in New Zealand and Australia. In In D.L. Sam & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press, UK.

Berry, J. W., & Ward, C. (in press). Multiculturalism. In D.L. Sam & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press, UK.

Bethel, A., Szabo, A., & Ward, C. (in press). Parallel lives?: Predicting and enhancing connections between between international and domestic students. In D. Jindal-Snape & B. Rienties (Eds.), Multi-dimensional transitions of international students to higher education. London: Taylor and Francis.

Stuart, J., & Ward, C. (2015). The ecology of acculturation. In P. Pedersen, J. G. Draguns, W. J. Lonner, J. E. Trimble & M. Scharrón-del Rio (Eds.), Counselling across cultures: Toward inclusive cultural empathy (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Ward, C., & Wilson, J. (2014). Conceptualizing, measuring and predicting intercultural competence. In X. D. Dai & G. M. Chen (Eds.), Intercultural communication competence. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishers. This one needs updating on the web-site

Ward, C., Tabor , A., & Leong, C.-H. (2012). Immigration Issues, Challenges and Policy: A View from New Zealand. In E. Taratovsky (Ed.), Immigration: Policies, challenges and Impact.New York: Nova Science Publishers

Ward, C., & Liu, J. (2012). Ethno-cultural conflict in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Balancing indigenous rights and multicultural responsibilities. D. Landis & R. Albert (Eds.), Handbook of ethno-cultural conflict. New York: Springer.

Podsiadlowski, A., & Ward, C. (2010). Global mobility and bias in the workplace. In S. Carr (Ed.),The psychology of mobility in a global era. New York: Springer.

Ward, C., & Lin, E.-Y. (2010). 四海為家 There are Homes at Four Corners of the Sea: Acculturation and adaptation in overseas Chinese. In M. H. Bond (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of Chinese psychology. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.

Ward, C. (2009). Acculturation and social cohesion: Emerging issues for Asian Immigrants in New Zealand. In C.-H. Leong & J. W. Berry (Eds)., Intercultural relations in Asia: Migration and work effectiveness. Singapore: World Scientific.

Ward, C., & Fischer, R. (2008). Personality, cultural intelligence, and cross-cultural adaptation: A test of the mediation hypothesis. In S. Ang & L. Van Dyne (Eds.), Handbook of cultural intelligence. New York: Sharpe.

Van Oudenhoven, J. P., Judd, C., & Ward, C. (2008). Social psychology and immigration: Relations between immigrants and host societies. In L. Steg (Ed.), Applied social psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gezentsvey, M., & Ward, C. (2008). Unveiling agency: A motivational perspective on acculturation and adaptation. In R. Sorrentino & S. Yamaguchi (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition across cultures. San Diego: Elsevier.

Ward, C. (2007). The ABCs of counselling acculturating persons. In P. Pedersen, J. Draguns, W. Lonner & J. Trimble (Eds.), Counselling across cultures. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ward, C., Leong, C.-H. (2006). Intercultural relations in plural societies: Theory, research and application. In D.L. Sam & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology.Cambridge University Press, UK.

Masgoret, A.-M., & Ward, C. (2006). Cultural learning approaches to acculturation. In D.L. Sam & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology. Cambridge University Press, UK.

Sang, D., & Ward, C. (2006). Acculturation in Australia and New Zealand. In D.L. Sam & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology. Cambridge University Press, UK.

Sam, D., Vedder, P., Ward, C., & Horenczyk, G. (2006). Psychological and sociocultural and adaptation of immigrant youth. In J. W., Berry, J. Phinney, D. Sam & P. Vedder (Eds.), Immigrant youth in cultural transition: Acculturation, identity and adaptation across national contexts. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Ward, C., & Lin, E.-Y. (2005). Immigration, acculturation and national identity in New Zealand. In J. Liu, T. McCreanor, T. McIntosh & T. Teaiwa (Eds.), New Zealand identities: Departures and destinations. Wellington: Victoria University Press.

Ward, C. (2004). Psychological theories of culture contact and their implications for intercultural training and interventions. In D. Landis, J.M. Bennett, & M.J. Bennett (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Scales

These are available for download below:

Refereed, Selected Conference Proceedings

Ward, C., Adam, Z., & Stuart, J. (2011). Psychological and sociocultural adaptation of Asian Muslim youth.  4th International Asian Health and Well-being Conference Proceedings. http://www.fmhs.auckland.ac.nz/soph/centres/cahre/events/2010conf/

Lun, V., Fischer, R., & Ward, C. (2009). Teaching critical thinking across cultures. A study of university syllabi in New Zealand and Hong Kong. In R. Ismail, Ma. E. J. Macapagal, N. M. Noor, J. Takai, & T. Hur (Eds.), Global issues and challenges in a changing world: Psychological, cultural and group relationships. Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia: University of Malaysia, Sabah, Press,

Jose, P., Ward, C., & Liu, J. (2007). Cross-cultural adaptation of Asian and Western international students in New Zealand. In J. Liu et al. (Eds.), Casting the individual in social and cultural contexts. Seoul: Kyoyook-Kwahak-Sa Publishing.

Ward, C., Berno, T., & Masgoret, A.-M. (2007). Identity, intercultural interaction and perceived discrimination in international students in New Zealand. In A. Bernardo et al. (Eds.), Progress in Asian Social Psychology (vol. 5). Seoul: Kyoyook-Kwahak-Sa Publishing.

Ward, C. (2006). Acculturation, social inclusion and psychological well-being of Asian migrants in New Zealand. In S. Tse et al. (Eds.), Prevention, practice and promotion: Proceedings of the Second Asian Health and Well-being Conference. Auckland: University of Auckland.

Ward, C., & Leong, C.-H. (2005). Chinese sojourners, Chinese hosts: A study of cultural identity and perceived discrimination in international students in Singapore. In Y. Kashima et al. (Eds.),Progress in Asian Social Psychology, Vol. 4. Seoul: Education Science Publishers.

Monographs and Research Reports

Ward, C., Masgoret, A.-M., & Vauclair, M. (2011).Attitudes toward immigrants and immigrant experiences: Predictive models based on regional characteristics.Wellington: Department of Labour.http://dol.govt.nz/publications/research/attitudes-towards-immigrants-experiences-regional/report.asp


Girling, A., Liu, J., & Ward, C. (2010). Confident, equal and proud? The barriers Asians face to equality in New Zealand. Wellington: Human Rights Commission.

Stuart, J., Jose, P., & Ward, C. (2008). Parent-adolescent family dynamics in the acculturation process. Report to the Families Commission (38 pp).

Ward, C. (2007). The experiences of immigrant youth: A generational analysis. Wellington: Department of Labour (41 pp).

Ward, C. (2006). International students: interpersonal, institutional and community impacts.Wellington: Ministry of Education (88pp).

Ward, C., Masgoret, A.-M., Ho, E., Holmes, P., Newton, J., Crabbe, D., & Cooper, J. (2005). Interactions with international students. Report for Education New Zealand (190 pp).

Recent Conference Presentations

Ward, C., & Stuart, J. (2009, December). The many faces of identity: Ethnic and religious identities as buffers of discrimination and predictors of psychological well-being in Muslim youth in New Zealand. Eight Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology, Delhi, India.

Ward, C., & Masgoret, A-M., (2009, November). Location, location, location: immigrant experiences across New Zealand. Pathways, Circuits, and Cross-roads: International Migration in Uncertain Times. Wellington.

Ward, C. (2009, September). Social integration in international education: Theory , research, policy and practice. Invited address, ESRC Seminar: Rethinking the needs of international students- Critical Perspectives on Internationalization of UK Higher Institutions. Nottingham, UK. [Video]

Jasperse, M., & Ward, C. (2009, August). Persevere in adversity: Perceived discrimination, religious visibility and practices and Islamic identity as predictors of psychological adaptation in Muslim women. Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Academy of Intercultural Research, Honolulu.

Ward, C., & Viliamu, M. (2009, August). The immigrant paradox: Psychological and socio-cultural adaptation in first and second generation Samoan youth. Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Academy of Intercultural Research, Honolulu.

Fox, S., Jose, P., Ward, C., & Wilson. M. (2009, August). The influence of traditional and ethnic arts participation on identity, youth connectedness and psychological well-being. Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Academy of Intercultural Research, Honolulu.

Kus, L., & Ward, C. (2009, August). Testing the concordance model of acculturation: Acculturation attitudes as determinants of immigrants’ psychological adaptation and intercultural relations. Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Academy of Intercultural Research, Honolulu.

Kus, L., & Ward, C. (2009, August). Predictors of interethnic relations in Estonia: Majority perspective. Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Academy for Intercultural Research, Honolulu.

Ward, C. (2009, July). Identity, acculturation and adaptation in migrant youth. Invited address, ISSBD Asia-Pacific Workshop: Human development in the context of movement within and across national boundaries, Adelaide, Australia.

Ward, C., (2009, February). Acculturation and cross-cultural adaptation. Invited address, Global Workforce Workshop. Seoul, Korea.

Ward, C., Kus, L.& Masgoret, A.-M. (2008, July). Acculturation and intercultural perceptions: What I think, what you think, what I think you think and why it’s all important. XIX International Congress of the International Association of Cross-cultural Psychology. Bremen, Germany.

Van Oudenhoven, J.-P., & Ward, C. (2008, July). Acculturation in a changing world. XIX International Congress of the International Association of Cross-cultural Psychology. Bremen, Germany.

Kus, L., & Ward, C. (2008, July). No love lost: Inter-ethnic relations in Estonia. XIX International Congress of the International Association of Cross-cultural Psychology. Bremen, Germany.

Stuart, J., & Ward, C. (2008, July). Ethno-cultural identity conflict in the acculturation process. XIX International Congress of the International Association of Cross-cultural Psychology. Bremen, Germany.

Ward, C., & Viliamu, M. (2008. June). Identity, acculturation and adaptation in first and second generation Samoan youth. Invited presentation, Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads: New Research on Population, Migration and Community, Wellington.

Stuart, J., Jose, P., & Ward, C. (2008, June). Crossing cultures: The experiences of migrant and refugee families in New Zealand. Invited presentation, Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads: New Research on Population, Migration and Community, Wellington.

Ward, C., Kus, L., & Stuart, J. (2008, March). Ethno-cultural identity conflict in the acculturation process. Society for Australasian Social Psychology Annual Meeting, Wellington.

Ward, C., Stuart, J., & Lin, E.-Y. (2008, February). Identity conflict in migrant youth. Society for Cross-cultural Research Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La.