Nick Golledge

Refereed publications


Jones, R.S., Lowe, J.J., Palmer, A.P., Eaves, S.R., Golledge, N.R., (2017). Dynamics and palaeoclimatic significance of a Loch Lomond Stadial glacier: Coire Ardair, Creag Meagaidh, western Highlands, Scotland. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 128(1): 54-66.


Aitken, A.R.A., Roberts, J.L., van Ommen, T.D., Young, D.A., Golledge, N.R., Greenbaum, J.S., Blankenship, D.D., Siegert, M.J., (2016). Repeated large-scale retreat and advance of Totten Glacier indicated by inland bed erosion. Nature, 533: 385-389. doi:10.1038/nature17447

Bakker, P., Clark, P.U., Golledge, N.R., Schmittner A., Weber, M.E., (2016). Centennial-scale Holocene climate variations amplified by Antarctic Ice Sheet discharge. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature20582

Bart, P.J., Mullally, D., and Golledge, N.R., (2016). The influence of continental shelf bathymetry on Antarctic Ice Sheet response to climate forcing. Global and Planetary Change, 142: 87-95.

Jones, R.S., Golledge, N.R., Mackintosh, A.N., Norton, K.P., (2016). Past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic Mountains. Antarctic Science 28(5): 371-386. doi:10.1017/S0954102016000195

Levy, R., Harwood, D., Florindo, F., Sangiorgi, F., Tripati, R., von Eynatten, H., Gasson, E., Kuhn, G., Tripati, A., DeConto, R., Fielding, C., Field, B., Golledge, N., McKay, R., Naish, T., SMS Science Team (2016). Antarctic ice sheet sensitivity to atmospheric CO2 variations in the early to mid-Miocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113: 3453-3458. doi:10.1073/pnas.1516030113

McKay, R.M., Barrett, P.J., Levy, R.S., Naish, T.R., Golledge, N.R., Pyne, A., (2016). Antarctic Cenozoic climate history from sedimentary records: ANDRILL and beyond. Philosophical.Transactions of the Royal Society A, 374: 20140301. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0301

McKay, R., Golledge, N.R., Maas, S., Naish, T., Levy, R., Dunbar, G., Kuhn, G., (2016). Antarctic marine ice-sheet retreat in the Ross Sea during the early Holocene. Geology, 44: 7-10. doi:10.1130/G37315.1

Winter, K., Woodward, J., Dunning, S.A., Turney, C.S., Fogwill, C.J., Hein, A.S., Golledge, N.R., Bingham, R.G., Marrero, S.M., Sugden, D.E., Ross, N., (2016). Assessing the continuity of the blue ice climate record at Patriot Hills, Horseshoe Valley, West Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters,43: 2019-2026.


de Boer, B., Dolan, A.M., Bernales, J., Gasson, E., Goelzer, H., Golledge, N.R., Sutter, J., Huybrechts, P., Lohmann, G., Rogozhina, I., Abe-Ouchi, A., Saito, F., van deWal, R.S.W., (2015). Simulating the Antarctic ice sheet in the Late-Pliocene warm period: PLISMIP-ANT, an ice-sheet model intercomparison project. The Cryosphere 9: 881-903.

Fogwill, C. J., Phipps, S. J., Turney, C. S. M. and Golledge, N.R. (2015), Sensitivity of the Southern Ocean to enhanced regional Antarctic ice sheet meltwater input. Earth's Future 3: 317-329. doi:10.1002/2015EF000306

Golledge, N.R., Kowalewski, D.E, Naish, T.R., Levy, R.H., Fogwill, C.J., Gasson, E.G.W., (2015). The multi-millennial Antarctic commitment to future sea-level rise. Nature 526: 421-425. doi:10.1038/nature15706

Jones, R.S., Mackintosh, A.N., Norton, K.P., Golledge, N.R., Fogwill,  C.J., Kubik, P.W., Christl, M. and Greenwood, S.L. (2015). Rapid Holocene thinning of an East Antarctic outlet glacier driven by marine ice sheet instability. Nature Communications 6(8910). doi:10.1038/ncomms9910

Menviel, L., Spence, P., Golledge, N.R., England, M.H., (2015). Southern Ocean overturning role in modulating high southern latitude climate and atmospheric CO2 on millennial timescales. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121: 159-166.


Chewings, J.M., Atkins, C.B., Dunbar, G.B. and Golledge, N.R. (2014). Aeolian sediment transport and deposition in a modern high latitude glacial marine environment. Sedimentology 61: 1535-1557. doi: 10.1111/sed.12108

Davies, B.D., Golledge, N.R., Glasser, N., Carrivick, J., Ligtenberg, S., Barrand, N., van den Broeke, M., Hambrey, M. and Smellie, J. (2014). Modelled glacier response to centennial temperature and precipitation trends on the Antarctic Peninsula. Nature Climate Change 4: 993-998. doi:10.1038/nclimate2369

Fogwill, C. J., Turney, C. S. M., Meissner, K. J., Golledge, N.R., Spence, P., Roberts, J. L., England, M. H., Jones, R. T., and Carter, L. 2014. Testing the sensitivity of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to Southern Ocean dynamics: past changes and future implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 29: 91-98. doi: 10.1002/jqs.2700

Fogwill, C.J., Turney, C.S.M., Golledge, N.R., Rood, D.H., Hippe, K., Wacker, L., Wieler, R., Rainsley, E.B. And Jones, R.S. (2014) Drivers of abrupt Holocene shifts in West Antarctic ice stream direction from combined ice sheet modelling and geologic signatures. Antarctic Science 26(6): 674-686. doi: 10.1017/S0954102014000613

Golledge, N.R. (2014) Selective erosion beneath the Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheet during LGM retreat. Antarctic Science 26(6): 698-707. doi: 10.1017/S0954102014000340

Golledge, N.R., Marsh, O.J., Rack, W., Braaten, D. and Jones, R.S. (2014). Basal conditions of two Transantarctic Mountain outlet glaciers from observation-constrained diagnostic modelling. Journal of Glaciology 60: 855-866. doi: 10.1017/S0954102014000613

Golledge, N.R., Menviel, L., Carter, L., Fogwill, C.J., England, M.H., Cortese, G. and Levy, R.H., (2014). Antarctic contribution to meltwater pulse 1A from reduced Southern Ocean overturning. Nature Communications 5: 5107. doi:10.1038/ncomms6107

Mackintosh, A.N., Verleyen, E., O'Brien, P.E., White, D.A., Jones, R.S., McKay, R., Dunbar, R., Gore, D.B., Fink, D., Post, A.L., Miura, H., Leventer, A., Godwin, I., Hodgson, D.A., Lilly, K., Crosta, X., Golledge, N.R., Wagner, B., Berg, S., van Ommen, T., Zwartz, D., Roberts, S.J., Vyverman, W., Masse, G. (2014).  Retreat history of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 100: 10-30. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.024

Marsh, O. J., Rack, W., Golledge, N. R., Lawson, W., and Floricioiu, D., (2014). Grounding zone ice thickness from InSAR: Inverse modelling of tidal elastic bending. Journal of Glaciology 60: 526-536.

The RAISED Consortium (incl. Golledge) (2014). A community-based geological reconstruction of Antarctic Ice Sheet deglaciation since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 100: 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.025


Golledge, N.R., Levy, R.H., McKay, R.M., Fogwill, C.J., White, D.A., Graham, A.G.C., Smith, J.A., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Licht, K.J., Denton, G.H., Ackert Jr., R.P., Maas, S.M., Hall, B.L., (2013). Glaciology and geological signature of the Last Glacial Maximum Antarctic ice sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 78: 225-247.

Marsh, O.J., Rack, W., Floricioiu, D., Golledge, N.R., Lawson, W., (2013). Tidally-induced velocity variations of the Beardmore Glacier, Antarctica, and their representation in satellite measurements of ice velocity. The Cryosphere 7: 1375-1384.

Patton, H., Hubbard, A., Glasser, N., Bradwell, T., Golledge, N., (2013). The last glacial cycle in Wales: Part 1 - the evolution of a modelled ice cap. Boreas 42: 471-490.

Patton, H., Hubbard, A., Glasser, N., Bradwell, T., Golledge, N. (2013). The last glacial cycle in Wales: Part 2 - dynamics of a topographically-controlled ice cap. Boreas 42: 491-510.


Golledge, N.R., Fogwill, C.J., Mackintosh, A.M., Buckley, K.M. (2012). Dynamics of the Last Glacial Maximum Antarctic ice-sheet and its response to ocean forcing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(40): 16052-16056.

Golledge, N., Mackintosh, A., Anderson, B., Buckley, K., Doughty, A., Barrell, D.J.A., Denton, G.H., Vandergoes, M., Andersen, B., Schaefer, J. (2012). Last Glacial Maximum climate in New Zealand inferred from a modelled Southern Alps icefield. Quaternary Science Reviews 46: 30-45.

Johnson, J.S., Everest, J.D., Leat, P., Golledge, N.R., Hood, D., Stuart, F.M. (2012). The deglacial history of NW Alexander Island, Antarctica, from surface exposure dating. Quaternary Research 77: 273-280.

Levy, R.H., Cody, R.D., Crampton, J., Fielding, C., Golledge, N.R. and 8 others, (2012). Late Neogene climate and glacial history of the Southern Victoria Land coast from integrated drill core, seismic and outcrop data. Global and Planetary Change 80-81: 61-84.

Trelea-Newton, M. and Golledge, N.R. (2012). The Younger Dryas glaciation in the southeastern Monadhliath Mountains, Scotland: glacier reconstruction and palaeoclimate implications. Boreas 41(4): 614-628. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00265.x


Finlayson, A.G., Golledge, N.R., Bradwell, T., Fabel, D., (2011). Evolution of a Lateglacial mountain ice cap in northern Scotland. Boreas 40: 536-554. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2010.00202.x

Golledge, N.R. and Levy, R.H., (2011). Geometry and dynamics of an East Antarctic Ice Sheet outlet glacier, under past and present climates. Journal of Geophysical Research 116: F03025. doi: 10.1029/2011JF002028

Mackintosh, A., Golledge, N. R., Domack, E., Dunbar, R., Leventer, A., and 7 others., (2011). Retreat of the East Antarctic ice sheet during the last glacial termination. Nature Geoscience 4: 195-202. doi: 10.1038/ngeo1061


Bridgland, D. and Golledge, N.R., (2010). The Quaternary Geology of the British Isles. Proceedings of the Geologists Association 121: 364-368.

Golledge, N.R., (2010). Glaciation of Scotland during the Younger Dryas: A review. Journal of Quaternary Science 25(4): 550-566.

Golledge, N.R., Everest, J.D., Bradwell, T., Johnson, J.S., (2010). Lichenometry on Adelaide Island, Antarctic Peninsula: Size-frequency studies, growth rates and snowpatches. Geografiska Annaler 92A: 111-124.

Golledge, N.R., Hubbard, A., and Bradwell, T., (2010). Influence of seasonality on glacier mass balance, and implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. Climate Dynamics 35: 757-770. doi 10.1007/s00382–009–0616–6


Golledge, N.R., Hubbard, A., and Sugden, D.E., (2009). Mass balance, flow, and subglacial processes of a modelled Younger Dryas ice cap in Scotland. Journal of Glaciology 55: 32-42.

Hubbard, A.L., Bradwell, T., Golledge, N.R., Hall, A., Patton, H., Sugden, D.E., Cooper, R.M., Stoker, M.S., (2009). Dynamic binge-purge cycles, ice streams and their impact on the extent and chronology of the last British-Irish Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 759-777.

Stoker, M.S., Golledge, N.R., Phillips, E.R., Wilkinson, I.P., Akhurst, M.C., (2009). Lateglacial-Holocene shoreface progradation offshore Eastern Scotland: A response to climatic and coastal hydrographic change. Boreas 38(2): 292-314.


Bradwell, T., Stoker, M.S., Golledge, N.R. and 9 others, (2008). The northern sector of the last British Ice Sheet: Maximum extent and demise. Earth Science Reviews 88: 207-226. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2008.01.008

Golledge, N.R. and Phillips, E.R., (2008). Sedimentology and architecture of De Geer moraines in the western Scottish Highlands, and implications for grounding-line glacier dynamics. Sedimentary Geology 208: 1-14.

Golledge, N.R., Hubbard, A., and Sugden, D.E., (2008). High-resolution numerical simulation of Younger Dryas glaciation in Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 888-904.

Golledge, N.R., Finlayson, A., Bradwell, T., Everest, J.D., (2008). The last glaciation of Shetland, North Atlantic. Geografiska Annaler 90A: 37-53.


Finlayson, A., Bradwell, T., Golledge, N.R., Merritt, J.W., (2007). Morphology and signi cance of transverse ridges (De Geer moraines) adjacent to the Moray Firth, NE Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal 123: 257- 270.

Golledge, N.R. (2007). Sedimentology, stratigraphy, and glacier dynamics, western Scottish Highlands. Quaternary Research 68: 79-95.

Golledge, N.R. (2007). An ice cap landsystem for palaeoglaciological reconstructions: Characterizing the Younger Dryas in western Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 213-229. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.08.007

Golledge, N.R., Fabel, D., Everest, J.D., Freeman, S., Binnie, S., (2007). First cosmogenic 10Be age constraint of the timing of Younger Dryas glaciation and ice cap thickness, western Scottish Highlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 22: 785-791.

Peacock, J.D., Armstrong, M., Browne, M.A.E., Golledge, N.R., Stoker, M.S., (2007). The deglaciation of eastern Scotland: A response to McCabe et al., (2007). Journal of the Geological Society of London 164: 1261.

Phillips, E.R., Merritt, J.W., Auton, C.A., Golledge, N.R., (2007). Microstructures developed in subglacially and proglacially deformed sediments: Faults, folds and fabrics, and the influence of water on the style of deformation. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 1499-1528.

2002 - 2006

Golledge, N.R. (2006). The Loch Lomond Stadial glaciation south of Rannoch Moor: New evidence and palaeoglaciological insights. Scottish Geographical Journal 122: 326-343.

Golledge, N.R. and Stoker, M.S., (2006). A palaeo-ice-stream of the British Ice Sheet in eastern Scotland. Boreas 35: 231-243. doi 10.1080/03009480500456040

Everest, J.D., Bradwell, T., and Golledge, N.R., (2005). Scottish landform examples No.35: Subglacial landforms of the Tweed palaeo-ice stream. Scottish Geographical Journal 121: 163-173.

Golledge, N.R. and Hubbard, A., (2005). Evaluating Younger Dryas glacier reconstructions in part of the western Scottish Highlands: a combined empirical and theoretical approach. Boreas 34: 274-286.

Golledge, N.R. (2002). Glaci-tectonic deformation of proglacial lake sediments in the Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Journal of Geology 38: 127-136.


Golledge, N.R. (2008). Glacial geology and glaciology of the Younger Dryas ice cap in Scotland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.


Everest, J.D., Golledge, N.R., Bradwell, T., Finlayson, A.G., (2007). Constraining behaviour of the British and Fennoscandian Ice Sheets: Cosmogenic sampling on Orkney and Shetland, Confidential Internal Report IR/07/039R, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh (2007).

Everest, J.D. and Golledge, N.R. (2004). Dating deglaciation in Strath Spey and the Cairngorm Mountains, in Lukas, S., Merritt, J.W. and Mitchell, W.A. (Eds.), The Quaternary of the central Grampian Highlands: Field Guide, 50–57, Quaternary Research Association, London.

Golledge, N.R. (2004). Digital field survey technology - the future of BGS mapping? Earthwise 20: 4–5.

Golledge, N.R. (2004). The geomorphology and Quaternary geology of the upper Feshie and northern Gaick, in Lukas, S., Merritt, J.W. and Mitchell, W.A. (Eds.), The Quaternary of the central Grampian Highlands: Field Guide, 144–148, Quaternary Research Association, London.

Golledge, N.R. and Stoker, M., (2004). The glacial geology and landscape of Strathmore and adjoining offshore zone, with especial reference to 1:10 000 scale Sheet NO76NW, BGS Internal Report IR/04/178, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Golledge, N.R. (2003). Preliminary report on the Quaternary geology and palaeo-iceflow in the Bridge of Orchy / Glen Lyon area, SW Scottish Highlands. BGS Internal Report IR/03/105, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Golledge, N.R., Gemmell, A.M.D., and Brazier, V., (2003). The age and palaeoclimatic significance of ice-dammed lake deposits, Western Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. BGS Internal Report IR/02/165, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Golledge, N.R. (2002). An integrated digital workflow for geological field surveying. BGS Internal Report IR/02/180, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.
Auton, C.A., Entwistle, D.C., and Golledge, N.R., 2001. Dounreay Catchment Quaternary characterisation study: Final interpretation report. BGS Commissioned Report CR/01/116, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

McMillan, A.A., Ellison, R.A., Fordyce, F., Golledge, N.R., Holmes, K.A., and others, (2001). Superficial deposits characterisation in the urban environment; a best practice guide to mapping and research. BGS Internal Report IR/01/68, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Golledge, N.R. (2001). A trial methodology for the digital capture of geological field data. BGS Internal Report IR/01/186, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Auton, C.A. and Golledge, N.R. (2000). Dounreay Catchment Quaternary characterisation study: Interim Report on open trial pitting and auger traverses. BGS Commissioned Report CR/00/100, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh.

Conference proceedings

Bridgland, D. and Golledge, N.R., (Eds.), (2010). Special Issue: Quaternary Geology of the British Isles: Part 2. Proceedings of the Geologists Association 121(1).

Bridgland, D. and Golledge, N.R., (Eds.), (2009). Special Issue: Quaternary Geology of the British Isles: Part 1. Proceedings of the Geologists Association 120(4).

Golledge, N.R., Everest, J.D., Hubbard, A., Leat, P., Johnson, J., (2009). High-resolution simulation of the extent and flow of Antarctic Peninsula glaciers. West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Conference, Mt. Rainier, Washington, USA. September 2009.

Mackintosh, A., Domack, E., Golledge, N., Dunbar, R., White, D, Fink, D., Gore, D., Lavoie, C., Pollard, D., DeConto, R., (2009). Last retreat of Antarctic ice sheets driven by sea level rise and warming. First Antarctic Climate Evolution Symposium, Granada, Spain. September 2009.